chapter 13 BLS resuscitation

  1. BLS stand for
    basic life support
  2. BLS was introduced in what year
    1960
  3. BLS techniques are reviewed after how many years
    5-6 years
  4. who conducted the latest review on BLS
    international liason commitee on resuscitation
  5. Elements of BLS:

    you can use BLS to treat the following conditions 
    true/false
    -airway obstruction
    -respiratory arrest
    -cardiac arrest
    true
  6. Elements of BLS:

    BLS focuses on the _ _ _
    • ABC
    • -airway(obstruction)
    • -breathing(respiratory arrest)
    • -circulation(bleeding or severe bleeding)
  7. Elements of BLS:

    if patient is in cardiac arrest what order would you do the ABC's?
    • CAB
    • -starting with compressions(circulation)
  8. Elements of BLS:

    if patient that is not breathing and has no pulse, what should you do
    perform CPR
  9. Elements of BLS:

    how many compressions should you perform per CPR cycle on an adult
    30 compressions
  10. Elements of BLS:

    at what depth should you provide the compressions on an adult
    2-2.4inches
  11. Elements of BLS:

    at what rate should you perform chest compressions on an adult
    100-120compressions per min
  12. Elements of BLS:

    how many rescue breaths should you perform over 1 sec? and what should you watch for?
    • 2 rescue breath over 1 sec
    • -and watch for chest rise
  13. The System Components of CPR:

    step one of the chain of survival is the activation of the _____ system
    EMS
  14. The System Components of CPR:

    step 2 of the chain of survival is ____
    CPR
  15. The System Components of CPR:

    step 3 of the chain of survival is an ____
    AED
  16. The System Components of CPR:

    step 4 of the chain of survival is the arrival and care of
    EMS services(basic and advanced emergency medical services)
  17. The System Components of CPR:

    step 5 of the chain of survival is
    hospital care(ALS and post arrest care)
  18. Automated External Defibrillation:

    when should an AED be apply to a cardiac arrest patient
    as soon as possible
  19. Automated External Defibrillation:

    after how many cycles of CPR should you apply an AED
    after 5 cycles
  20. Automated External Defibrillation:

    manual defibrillation is prefered on what patient?
    children 1month to 1years old
  21. Automated External Defibrillation:

    if you have to use adult AED pads on a child where should place the pads?
    anterior and posterior of the body
  22. Positioning the Patient:

    when performing CPR what postion should the patient be in
    supine position
  23. Check for Breathing and a Pulse:

    checking for pulse and breathing should take no longer than how many secs?
    10secs
  24. Check for Breathing and a Pulse:

    what should you let the chest do between compressions
    completely recoil
  25. Check for Breathing and a Pulse:

    compressions provide how much of the normal heart pumped blood?
    one third of normal heart pumped blood
  26. Opening the Airway and Providing Artificial Ventilation:

    what two maneuvers should you use to open the airway
    • head tilt chin lift
    • jaw thrust
  27. Opening the Airway and Providing Artificial Ventilation:

    if patient is breathing and has no trauma, what position should you place the patient in?
    recovery position
  28. Opening the Airway and Providing Artificial Ventilation:

    lack of oxygen is what condition
    hypoxia
  29. Opening the Airway and Providing Artificial Ventilation:

    too much carbon dioxide is considered wht condition
    hypercarbia
  30. One-Rescuer Adult CPR:

    the ratio of compressions to ventilations is what
    30:2
  31. two-Rescuer Adult CPR:

    when doing two adult CPR you should swap positions after every ___ mins
    2mins
  32. Devices and Techniques to Assist Circulation:

    compressing the chest and then actively pullingit back to its neutral position
    • active compression decompression CPR
    • -may increase the amount of blood that returns to the heart
    • -EMS provider places a suction cup on the chest to provide active decompressions
  33. Devices and Techniques to Assist Circulation:

    drepresses the sternum via compressed gasor electric powered
    • mechanical piston device
    • -provides consistent delivery of compressions
  34. Devices and Techniques to Assist Circulation:

    -circumferential chest compression device composed of a constricting band and back board
    -electrically or pneumatically driven to compress the heart by putting inward pressureon the throax
    laod distributing band CPR or vest CPR
  35. Devices and Techniques to Assist Circulation:

    what CPR device or technique remains the standard of care
    manual chest compressions
  36. Infant and Child CPR:

    to check responsiveness of a child or infant tap on their shoulder or speak loudly
    true/false
    true
  37. Infant and Child CPR:

    if you find a unresponsive child or infant, how many cycles of CPR should you perform before calling EMS
    5 cycles
  38. Infant and Child CPR: 

    which pulses should you check on a child 1 year or older
    carotid or femoral
  39. Infant and Child CPR:

    which pulse should you check on infants?
    brachial
  40. Infant and Child CPR:

    if child has pulse but not breath provide rescue breaths every ___ to ___secs
    3-5secs(12-20breaths a min)
  41. Interrupting CPR:

    try to maintain a chest compression fraction of atleast ___%
    60%
  42. When to Stop CPR:

    what mnemonic should to use to determine when to stop doing CPR
    STOP
  43. When to Stop CPR:

    the S in STOP means
    patients Starts to breath
  44. When to Stop CPR:

    the T in STOP means
    patient is Transferred to a person with higher level of care
  45. When to Stop CPR:

    what does the O in STOP mean
    • you are Out of strength
    • -out of strength doesnt mean "tired" 
    • -you are physically unable to continue
  46. When to Stop CPR:

    what does the P in STOP mean
    Physician directs you to stop
  47. Foreign Body Airway Obstruction in Adults:

    perform heimlich maneuver on patients 1year and older
    true/false
    true
  48. Foreign Body Airway Obstruction in Adults:

    a patient with severe airway obstruction and unresponsive, you should perform ____
    chest compressions
  49. Foreign Body Airway Obstruction in Adults:

    for pregnant and obese patients use ____ thrust instead of heimlich maneuver
    chest thrust
  50. Foreign Body Airway Obstruction in Adults:

    if patient becomes unresponsive after choking, start performing ___
    • chest compressions
    • -check airway after every cycle 
    • -remove obstruction if you can with fingers
    • -keep repeat compressions if obstruction doesnt come out or until ALS arrives
  51. Foreign Body Airway Obstruction in Infants and Children:

    perform back slaps on ___ instead of heimlich maneuver
    infants
Author
daniel.ramos702
ID
342450
Card Set
chapter 13 BLS resuscitation
Description
emergency care and transportation of the sick and injured
Updated