A&P Exam 1 Chapter 1

  1. The scientific discipline that investigates the body's structure
    Anatomy
  2. Scientific investigation of the function of living things. How bones change over time, grow, or response to injury?
    Physiology
  3. Organization of the human body.
    there are 8
    • 1. atoms
    • 2. molecules
    • 3. organelles
    • 4. cells
    • 5. tissues
    • 6. organs
    • 7. organ system
    • 8. organism
  4. Organ system that provides protection, regulates temp, prevents water loss. Consists of hair, skin, nails, and sweat glands
    Integumentary
  5. Organ system that provides protection and support. Allows body movements, produces blood cells. Consists of bones, ligaments, and joints
    Skeletal System
  6. Organ system that produces movements, maintains posture, and produces body heat. Consists of muscles attached to the skeleton by tendons.
    Muscular System
  7. Organ system that removes foreign substances from the blood and lymph, combats disease, maintains tissue and fluid balance. Immunity!
    Lymphatic system
  8. Organ system that exchanges oxygen and carbon dioxide b/wn the blood and air and regulates blood pH.
    Respiratory system
  9. Organ system that performs the mechanical and chemical processes of digestion, absorption of nutrients, and elimination of wastes. Consists of the mouth, esophagus, stomach, intestines
    Digestive System
  10. Organ system that is a major regulatory system that detects sensation and controls movements, physiological processes, and intellectual functions. Consists of brain, spinal cord, nerves, and sensory receptors
    Nervous System
  11. Organ system that is a major regulatory system that influences metabolism, growth, reproduction. Consists of pituitary glands that secrete hormones.
    Endocrine System
  12. Organ system that transports nutrients, waste products, gases, and hormones throughout the body. Consists of heart, blood vessels, and blood
    Cardiovascular System
  13. Organ system that removes waste products from the blood and regulates blood pH, ion balance, and water balance. Consists of kidneys, urinary bladder
    Urinary System
  14. Condition in which there are specific relationships and functions
    Organization
  15. all chemical reactions in the body
    metabolism
  16. increase in size and/or # of cells
    growth
  17. changes in an organism over time
    development
  18. change in an organism from general to specific
    differentiation
  19. change in a organism in shape of tissues, organs
    morphogenesis
  20. an organism making new cells or new organisms
    reproduction
  21. It is the existence and maintenances of a relatively constant environment within the body
    Homeostasis
  22. our ideal normal value
    set point
  23. Any deviation from set point is made smaller or resisted
    Negative Feedback
  24. monitors the value of the variable of Negative Feedback
    Receptor
  25. part of the brain that establishes the set point and communicates with receptors and effectors
    control center
  26. something that can adjust the value of the variable toward set point, carries out the change
    Effectors
  27. When a response to the original stimulus results in the deviation from the set point becoming even greater, amplifies changes in the body
    Positive feedback
  28. Anatomical position- person standing erect with face directed forward, the upper limbs hanging to the sides, and the palms of the hands facing forward
    Supine
  29. -lying downward
    Prone
  30. A structure above another
    Superior
  31. A structure below another
    Inferior
  32. Closer to the head than another structure
    Cephalic
  33. Closer to the tail than another structure
    Caudal
  34. The front of the body
    Anterior
  35. The back of the body
    Posterior
  36. Toward the belly
    Ventral
  37. Toward the back
    Dorsal
  38. Closer to the point of attachment to the body than another structure
    Proximal
  39. Farther from the point of attachment to the body than another structure
    Distal
  40. Away from the midline of the body
    Lateral
  41. Toward the midline of the body
    Medial
  42. Toward or ON the surface
    Superficial
  43. AWAY from the surface, internal
    Deep
  44. Same side of the body
    ipsilateral
  45. Opposite side of the body
    Contralateral
  46. Forehead
    frontal
  47. eye
    orbital
  48. nose
    nasal
  49. mouth
    oral
  50. Neck
    cervical
  51. chest
    pectoral
  52. breastbone
    sternal
  53. breast
    mammary
  54. thorax (includes pectoral, sternal, & mammary)
    thoracic
  55. abdomen
    abdominal
  56. navel
    umbilical
  57. pelvis
    pelvic
  58. groin
    inguinal
  59. genital
    pubic
  60. region from the chest down to the genital
    trunk
  61. ear
    otic
  62. cheek
    buccal
  63. chin
    mental
  64. collarbone
    clavicular
  65. armpit
    axillary
  66. arm
    brachial
  67. front of elbow
    Antecubital
  68. forearm
    Antebrachial
  69. wrist
    carpal
  70. palm
    palmar
  71. fingers
    digital
  72. hand
    manual
  73. hip
    coxal
  74. thigh
    femoral
  75. kneecap
    patellar
  76. leg
    crural
  77. ankle
    talus
  78. top of foot
    dorsum
  79. toes
    digital
  80. whole foot
    pedal
  81. all of the arm
    upper limb
  82. all of the leg
    lower limb
  83. Base of skull
    occipital
  84. base of neck
    nuchal
  85. shoulder blade
    scapular
  86. spinal column
    vertebral
  87. loin
    lumbar
  88. whole back
    dorsal
  89. between the hips
    sacral
  90. perineum
    perineal
  91. skull
    cranial
  92. point of shoulder
    acromial
  93. point of elbow
    olecranon
  94. back of hand
    dorsum
  95. hollow behind knee
    popliteal
  96. calf
    sural
  97. sole of foot
    plantar
  98. heel
    calcaneal
  99. 1?untitled1314018882429
    Right hypochondriac region
  100. 3?untitled1314018882429
    Left hypochondriac region
  101. 2?untitled1314018882429
    Epigastric Region
  102. 4?untitled1314018882429
    Right lumbar region
  103. 5?untitled1314018882429
    Umbilical region
  104. 6?untitled1314018882429
    Left lumbar region
  105. 7?untitled1314018882429
    Right iliac region
  106. 8?untitled1314018882429
    Hypogastric region
  107. 9?untitled1314018882429
    Left iliac region
  108. Planes of the body: (through the midline)
    Median
  109. Planes of the body: (same plane, but to the left or right of median
    Sagittal
  110. 2 words that describe dividing body into anterior and posterior sections
    Frontal and Coronal
  111. Cross divides body into superior and inferior sections
    Transverse
  112. Planes of the body:  Other than at a right angle
    Oblique
  113. Planes through an organ: cut along the length of an organ
    Longitudinal
  114. Planes through an organ: cut at right angle to length of the organ
    Transverse/ Cross
  115. Planes through an organ: cut at any but a right angle
    Oblique
  116. What divides body cavity into thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities?
    Diaphragm
  117. What contains all structures of the thoracic cavity except the lungs?
    Mediastinum
  118. What cover the organs of trunk cavities and line the cavity?
    Serous Membranes
  119. The thoracic cavity contains three serous membrane–lined cavities?
    There are only 2
    • 1. Pericardial
    • 2. 2x Pleural cavities
  120. The cavity for the heart is called?
    Pericardial
  121. The cavities for the lungs are called?
    Pleural Cavities
  122. The part of the cavity that is touching the organ (or the inner balloon wall)?
    Visceral Serous Membrane
  123. The part of the cavity that is not touching the organ ( or the outer balloon wall)?
    Parietal Serous Membrane
Author
ccab1979
ID
342317
Card Set
A&P Exam 1 Chapter 1
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A&P Exam 1 Chapter 1
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