chapter 11 principles of pharmacology

  1. how medications work:

    pharmacology is the science of____
    • drugs
    • -including their ingredients, preparation, uses and actions on the body
  2. how medications work:

    a substance used to treat or prevent disease or relieve pain
    medication
  3. how medications work:

    the process by which the medication work on the body is____
    pharmacodynamics
  4. how medications work:

    what causes stimulation of receptors?
    agonist
  5. how medications work:

    what binds to a receptor and blocks other medication or chemicals?
    antagonist
  6. how medications work:

    ___ is the amount of medication given
    -depending on weight,age,desired action
    dose
  7. how medications work:

    ___ is the therapeutic effect
    action
  8. how medications work:

    reasons or conditions for which a medication is given are _____
    indications
  9. how medications work:

    situation in which a medication would either harm the patient or have no positive effect
    contraindications
  10. how medications work:

    situation in which a medication should never be given if the contraindication is present
    absolute contraindications
  11. how medications work:

    situation in which the benefits of administering the drug may out weigh the risk
    relative contraindications
  12. how medications work:

    any action of a medication other than the desired ones is called
    side effects
  13. how medications work:

    effects that are undesirable but pose little risk to the patient
    unintended effects
  14. how medications work:

    effects that can be harmful to the patient
    untoward effects
  15. Medication Names:

    who is the only one who can distribute prescription drugs
    pharmacists
  16. Medication Names:

    to receive drug from a pharmacist you must obtain a prescription from a ____
    physician
  17. Medication Names:

    __ __ ___ drugs may be purchased directly without a prescription
    over the counter
  18. Routes of Administration:

    what type of medications enter the body through the digestive system?
    • enteral medications
    • -often in a pill or liquid form
    • -tend to be absorbed slowly and are not commonly used in emergencies
  19. Routes of Administration:

    medications administered by some other means than digestion are called
    • parenteral medications
    • -ex. needles, syringes
    • -absorbed more quickly and offer more predictable and measurable response
  20. Routes of Administration:

    the process by which medication travel through the body tissues to the bloodstream
    • absorption
    • -common routes of administration
    •   -by rectum(PR)
    •   -oral or per os(PO)(by mouth)
    •   -intravenous(IV)
    •   -intraosseous(IO),into the bone
    •   -subcutaneous(SC) beneath the skin
    •   -intramusclar(IM) into the muscle
    •   -inhalation
    •   -sublingual(SL) under the tongue
    •   -transcutaneous(transdermal) thru the skin
    •   -intranasal(IN) into the nose via muscosal atomizer device
  21. medication forms:

    form of medication dictates the route of administration
    true/false
    true
  22. medication forms:

    ____ chooses the form to ensure 
      -proper route of administration
      -timing of the medications release into the bloodstream
      -effects of the target organs or body systems
    manufacturer
  23. Tablets and Capsules:

    ____ are gelatin shells filled with powder or liquid medication
    capsules
  24. Tablets and Capsules:

    ____ contain other materials that are mixed with the medication and compressed
    tablets
  25. Solutions and Suspensions:

    a ____ is a liquid mixture of substances
    • solution
    • -mixture will not separate by filtering or letting is stand
    • -can be given as an IV, IM or SC injection
  26. Solutions and Suspensions:

    when given by mouth solutions may be absorbed quickly because the medication is already dissolved
    true/false
    true
  27. Solutions and Suspensions:

    ____ is a mixture of finely ground particle that are distributed evenly throughout a liquid by shaking or stirring but do not dissovle
    • suspensions
    • -separate if they stand or are filtered
Author
daniel.ramos702
ID
342306
Card Set
chapter 11 principles of pharmacology
Description
emergency care and transportation of the sick and injured 11th edition
Updated