chapter 11 principles of pharmacology

  1. how medications work:

    pharmacology is the science of____
    • drugs
    • -including their ingredients, preparation, uses and actions on the body
  2. how medications work:

    a substance used to treat or prevent disease or relieve pain
  3. how medications work:

    the process by which the medication work on the body is____
  4. how medications work:

    what causes stimulation of receptors?
  5. how medications work:

    what binds to a receptor and blocks other medication or chemicals?
  6. how medications work:

    ___ is the amount of medication given
    -depending on weight,age,desired action
  7. how medications work:

    ___ is the therapeutic effect
  8. how medications work:

    reasons or conditions for which a medication is given are _____
  9. how medications work:

    situation in which a medication would either harm the patient or have no positive effect
  10. how medications work:

    situation in which a medication should never be given if the contraindication is present
    absolute contraindications
  11. how medications work:

    situation in which the benefits of administering the drug may out weigh the risk
    relative contraindications
  12. how medications work:

    any action of a medication other than the desired ones is called
    side effects
  13. how medications work:

    effects that are undesirable but pose little risk to the patient
    unintended effects
  14. how medications work:

    effects that can be harmful to the patient
    untoward effects
  15. Medication Names:

    who is the only one who can distribute prescription drugs
  16. Medication Names:

    to receive drug from a pharmacist you must obtain a prescription from a ____
  17. Medication Names:

    __ __ ___ drugs may be purchased directly without a prescription
    over the counter
  18. Routes of Administration:

    what type of medications enter the body through the digestive system?
    • enteral medications
    • -often in a pill or liquid form
    • -tend to be absorbed slowly and are not commonly used in emergencies
  19. Routes of Administration:

    medications administered by some other means than digestion are called
    • parenteral medications
    • -ex. needles, syringes
    • -absorbed more quickly and offer more predictable and measurable response
  20. Routes of Administration:

    the process by which medication travel through the body tissues to the bloodstream
    • absorption
    • -common routes of administration
    •   -by rectum(PR)
    •   -oral or per os(PO)(by mouth)
    •   -intravenous(IV)
    •   -intraosseous(IO),into the bone
    •   -subcutaneous(SC) beneath the skin
    •   -intramusclar(IM) into the muscle
    •   -inhalation
    •   -sublingual(SL) under the tongue
    •   -transcutaneous(transdermal) thru the skin
    •   -intranasal(IN) into the nose via muscosal atomizer device
  21. medication forms:

    form of medication dictates the route of administration
  22. medication forms:

    ____ chooses the form to ensure 
      -proper route of administration
      -timing of the medications release into the bloodstream
      -effects of the target organs or body systems
  23. Tablets and Capsules:

    ____ are gelatin shells filled with powder or liquid medication
  24. Tablets and Capsules:

    ____ contain other materials that are mixed with the medication and compressed
  25. Solutions and Suspensions:

    a ____ is a liquid mixture of substances
    • solution
    • -mixture will not separate by filtering or letting is stand
    • -can be given as an IV, IM or SC injection
  26. Solutions and Suspensions:

    when given by mouth solutions may be absorbed quickly because the medication is already dissolved
  27. Solutions and Suspensions:

    ____ is a mixture of finely ground particle that are distributed evenly throughout a liquid by shaking or stirring but do not dissovle
    • suspensions
    • -separate if they stand or are filtered
Card Set
chapter 11 principles of pharmacology
emergency care and transportation of the sick and injured 11th edition