1. Physiologic Barrier
    The point at which a patient can actively move any given joint is called:
  2. Anatomic Barrier
    The point at which a physician can passively move any given point (beyond would cause ligament
  3. Restrictive Barrier
    The point caused by somatic dysfunction that prevents motion to the physiologic barrier:
  4. Pathologic Barrier
    Another name for restrictive barrier is:
  5. Tenderness
    What is the only subjective component of TART?
  6. Tenderness
    The painful sensation produced by palpation of tissues where it should not occur is called:
  7. Acute Tissue Texture Changes
  8. Chronic Tissue Texture Changes
    Cool dry skin
  9. Severe or Sharp
    Tenderness in acute somatic dysfunction are likely to be what?
  10. Dull
    achy or burning
  11. Fryette's Laws
    The rules that govern spinal motion are termed:
  12. Opposite sides
    In Type I somatic dysfunction
  13. Neutral (N for neutral points opposite directions as do rotation and sidebending)
    In Type I somatic dysfunction
  14. Same side
    In Type II somatic dysfunction
  15. Flexed or Extended
    In Type II somatic dysfunction
  16. One
    How many vertebrae does Type II SD affect?
  17. Multiple
    How many vertebrae does Type I SD affect?
  18. Rotation
    In non-neutral (Type II) SD
  19. Sidebending
    In neutral (Type I) SD
  20. Freyette's Law III
    Initiating motion at any vertebral segment in any one plane of motion will modify the mobility in the other two planes is the definition of what?
  21. Type I (with F
  22. Type II (with F
  23. Ease
    Somatic Dysfunction is always named for the direction of:
  24. Superior Vertebra
    When naming a SD of a vertebral unit (2 vertebrae and the disc between) which should be used as your reference point?
  25. BUM (Backward
    upward and medial)
  26. BUL (Backward
    upward and Lateral)
  27. BM (Backward and Medial)
    The orientation of the superior facets of the Lumbar vertebrae is:
  28. Transverse
    Flexion and extension occur around what axis?
  29. Sagittal
    Flexion and extensino occur in what plane?
  30. Vertical
    Rotation occurs around what axis?
  31. Transverse
    Rotation occurs in what plane?
  32. AP (Anterior/Posterior)
    Sidebending occurs around what axis?
  33. Coronal
    Sidebending occurs in what plane?
  34. Isotonic Contraction
    Approximation of muscle's origin and insertion without a change in its tension is what?
  35. Isotonic Contraction
    When the operator's force is less than the patient's force
  36. Isometric Contraction
    Increase in tension without an approximation of origin and insertion is what?
  37. Isometric Contraction
    When the operator's force is equal to the patient's force
  38. Isolytic Contraction
    Muscle contraction against resistance while forcing the muscle to lengthen is what?
  39. Isolytic Contraction
    When the operator's force is greater than the patient's force
  40. Concentric Contraction
    Approximation of the muscle's origin and insertion is what?
  41. Eccentric Contraction
    Lengthening of muscle during contraction due to an external force is what?
  42. Direct Treatment
    Engaging the restrictive barrier and eventually moving through it is an example of what?
  43. Indirect Treatment
    Moving tissues or joints away from the restrictive barrier towards the direction of ease is an example of what?
  44. Active Treatment
    This type of treatment involves the assistance of the patient (Usually isometric or isotonic)
  45. Passive Treatment
    This type of treatment only involves the practitioner:
  46. Centrally to Peripherally
    In general where should you begin treatment and where should you work to?
  47. Elderly and Hospitalized
    What patients typically respond better to indirect techniques or gentle direct techniques?
  48. Acute Cases
    What cases should have shorter intervals between treatments?
  49. Time
    What is required to allow the patient's body to respond to the treatment?
  50. Pediatric
    Who can be treated more often
  51. Direct or Indirect
    Active or Passive
  52. Indirect
  53. Indirect
  54. Direct
  55. Direct
  56. Direct or Indirect
  57. Direct
  58. Direct
  59. TART
    Tissue Texture changes
Card Set
OMT review Chapter 1