Anatomy Competency

  1. Define anatomy
    structure of the body
  2. How the body functions is defined as _____________
    physiology
  3. Study of the processes that disturb the normal body function is known as _____________
    pathophysiology
  4. Balance within the body
    homeostasis
  5. Constant changes within the body to maintain homeostasis
    dynamic equilibrium
  6. The dorsal cavity is located in the _______ of the body and contains ________ and ________ cavities.
    • back
    • cranial
    • spinal
  7. When the effector opposes the stimulus and reverses the direction of change is known as ___________
    negative feedback
  8. The smallest living unit that makes up the body structures
    cells
  9. located at the front of the body and contains the thoracic cavity and abdominopelvic cavity
    ventral
  10. this body system contains hair, skin and nails
    integumentary
  11. the skeletal system contains what structures
    bone, cartilage and ligaments
  12. the muscular system contains primary _______ muslces
    skeletal
  13. Lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, lymph thymus, spleen and tonsils are considered part of the ________ system
    lymphatic
  14. The respiratory system consists of:
    nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs
  15. Kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra are contained in the _____ system
    urinary
  16. Brain, spinal cord, nerves and sense organs are contained inside the _______ system
    nervous
  17. Pituitary gland, adrenals, pancreas, thyroid and parathyroids are consistent with the _______ system
    endocrine
  18. The circulatory system contains ____
    heart, arteries, veins and capillaries
  19. Stomach, small/large intestines, esophagus, liver, mouth and pancreas are all parts of the ____________ system.
    digestive
  20. The male reproductive system consists of___________
    Testes, vas deferens, prostate, seminal vesicles, and penis
  21. Ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, breasts are contained in _______ system
    female reproductive system
  22. the anatomical position is when the body is standing erect, arms at the sides with palms facing ________
    forward
  23. to maintain homeostasis, a system must contain what three components:
    receptor, control center, and an effector
  24. most systems supporting homeostasis operate by ______ feedback
    negative
  25. ________ tissue covers/lines the body and consist of the outer layer of the skin, walls of the capillaries, and kidney tubules
    Epithelial
  26. The _______ connects and supports parts of the body, transports and stores mineral and consists of bone, cartilage and adipose tissue
    connective tissue
  27. This type of tissue contracts to produce movement and includes skeletal muscles and the heart
    muscle
  28. This generates and transmits impulses to regular body functions and contains the brain and nerves
    nerve tissue
  29. the _______ system participates in the heat production
    muscular
  30. the ______ system is involved in the breakdown and absorption of nutrients
    disgestive
  31. the ______ systems helps regulate blood volume and pressure
    urinary
  32. the _______ system produces immune cells
    lymphatic
  33. the _______system is involved in hormone production
    endocrine
  34. the skeletal system plays a key role in _____ formation
    blood
  35. water that resides outside of cells is called
    extracellular fluid
  36. extracellular fluid includes (3)
    interstitial, plasma, and lymph
  37. water that resides inside cells is called
    intracellular
  38. this is the outer most layer of the skin, contains no blood vessels, and consists of stratified squamous cell tissue
    epidermis
  39. The inner, deeper layer of skin; composed of connective tissue. This layer contains blood vessels, sweat glands, sebaceous glands and nerve endings.
    dermis
  40. the inner most layer of the stratum basale
    germinativum
  41. the outer most layer of the epidermis
    stratum corneum
  42. a deficiency of oxygen in circulating blood causes ______ or bluish tint to the skin
    cyanosis
  43. impaired liver function (hepatitis/liver disease) that allows bile to accumulate and stains the skin causes _______ or yellowish discoloration to the skin
    jaundice
  44. a deficiency of hormones from the adrenal gland (Addisons disease) causes a golden brown color to the skin or ______
    bronzing
  45. a genetic lack of melanin which is evidenced by extremely pale skin, white hair and pink eyes is also known as
    albinism
  46. increased blood flow in dilated blood vessels close to the skins surface (results from heat, exercise, sunburn, etc) evidenced by abnormal redness
    erythema
  47. decreased blood flow (cold temperatures, fear, emotional stress, low BP or blood loss
    pallor
  48. breakdown or clotted blood under the skin distinguished by bluish, black or a yellowish mark on the skin
    bruise or a hematoma
  49. reddish color melanin
    pheomelanin
  50. brown-black colored melanin
    eumelanin
  51. Name the five functions of the skin
    protection, barrier, vitamin D production, sensory perception, thermoregulation
  52. when the skin is chilled, it _______ to retain heat
    constricts
  53. when the skin is over heated the blood vessels ______
    dilate
Author
Brandiv0217
ID
342192
Card Set
Anatomy Competency
Description
competency for anatomy 2018
Updated