A financial statement that reports the assets and claims to those assets at a specific point in time.
The increase in assets that result from the sale of a product or service in the normal course of business.
The debts and obligations of a business. Liabilities represent the amounts owed to creditors.
A financial statement that presents the revenues and expenses and resulting net income or net loss of a company for a specific period of time.
Regulations passes by Congress in 2002 to try to reduce unethical corporate behavior.
A business owned by one person.
A business owned by two or more persons associated as partners.
Term used to describe the total amount paid in by stockholders for the shares they purchase.
The amount by which revenues exceed expenses.
Basic Accounting Equation
Assets=Liabilites + Stockholder's Equity
A report prepared by corporate management that presents financial information inncludind financial statements, notes, a management discussion and analysis section, and an independent auditor's report.
A report prepared by an independent outside auditor stating the auditor's opinion as to the fairness of the presentation of the financial position and results of operations and their conformance with generally accepted accounting standards.
Statement of Cash Flows
A financial statement that provides financial information about the cash receipts and cash payments of a business for a specific period of time.
Resources owned by a business.
A business organized as a separate legal entity having ownership divided into transferable shares of stock.
The information system that identifies, records, and communicates the economic events of an organization to interested users.
A presentation of the financial statements of a company for more than one year.
The owner's claim on total assets.
Management discussion and analysis (MD&A)
A section of the annual report that presents management's views on the company's ability to pay near-term obligations, its ability to fund operations and expansion, and its results of operations.
Certified Public Accountant (CPA)
An individual who has met certain criteria and is thus allowed to perform audits of corporations.
Retained Earnings Statement
A financial statement that summarizes the amounts and causes of changes in retainned earnings for a specific period of time.
Payments of cash from a corporation to its stockholders.
Notes to the Financial Statements
Notes that clarify information presented in the financial statements, as well as expand upon it where additional detail is needed.
The cost of assets consumed or services used in the process of generating revenues.
The amount of net income retained in the corporation.