Mobility Terminology

  1. Abduction
    Movement of a limb away from the body.
  2. Activity intolerance
    a state in which an individual has insufficient physiological or psychological energy to endure or complete necessary or desired daily activities
  3. Adduction
    Movement of a limb toward the body.
  4. Ambulate
    To walk or move about
  5. Atrophy
    To waste or reduce in size or physiological activity of a part of the body caused by disease or other influences.
  6. Base of support
    the area beneath an object or person that includes every point of contact that the object or person makes with the supporting surface.
  7. Body alignment
    Alignment refers to how the head, shoulders, spine, hips, knees and ankles relate and line up with each other. Proper alignment of the bodyputs less stress on the spine and helps you have good posture.
  8. Body balance
    an ability to maintain the line of gravity (vertical line from centre of mass) of a body within the base of support with minimal postural sway
  9. Body mechanics
    exercises designed to improve posture, coordination, and stamina.
  10. Cane
    a slender stick used as a walking stick
  11. Center of gravity
    a point from which the weight of a body or system may be considered to act
  12. Circumduction
    movement of a limb or extremity so that the distal end describes a circle while the proximal end remains fixed.
  13. Commode
    a piece of furniture containing a concealed chamber pot
  14. Contracture
    a condition of shortening and hardening of muscles, tendons, or other tissue, often leading to deformity and rigidity of joints
  15. Crutches
    a long stick with a crosspiece at the top, used as a support under the armpit by a lame person
  16. Dangling
    hanging or swinging loosely
  17. Deconditioned
    having lost fitness or muscle tone, especially through lack of exercise
  18. Distal
    situated away from the center of the body or from the point of attachment
  19. Dorsi-flexion
    bend something dorsally or toward its upper surface
  20. Extension
    the action of moving a limb from a bent to a straight position
  21. External rotation
    rotation away from the centre of the body
  22. Flexion
    the bending of a limb or joint.
  23. Foot board
    a device placed at the foot of the bed in such a way that the feet rest firmly against it and are at right angles to the legs.
  24. Foot drop
    loss of the ability to bend at the ankle
  25. Gait
    the manner or style of walking.
  26. Gravity
    the phenomenon by which two bodies having mass are attracted to each other, specifically the surface of the earth
  27. Gravity line
    an imaginary vertical line from the centre of gravity to the ground or surface the object or person is on
  28. Hand rolls
    A roll placed inside the client's hand to keep the fingers from drawing up and stiffening.
  29. Hyperextension
    an excessive joint movement in which the angle formed by the bones of a particular joint is opened, or straightened, beyond its normal, healthy, range of motion.
  30. Inferior
    low or lower in position.
  31. Internal Rotation
    rotation towards the centre of the body.
  32. Kyphosis
    excessive outward curvature of the spine, causing hunching of the back.
  33. Kyphoscoliosis
    A combination of outward curvature (kyphosis) and lateral curvature (scoliosis) of the spine.
  34. Lordosis
    excessive inward curvature of the spine.
  35. Medial
    situated near the median plane of the body or the midline of an organ.
  36. Orthostatic Hypotension
    a systolic blood pressure decrease of at least 20 mm Hg or a diastolic blood pressure decrease of at least 10 mm Hg within three minutes of standing. can cause dizziness and falls
  37. Outward Rotation
    turning outwardly or away from the midline of the body
  38. pivot
    turn on or as if on a pivot
  39. Plantar Flexion
    movement of the foot in which the foot or toes flex downward toward the sole
  40. Posture
    the position in which someone holds their body when standing or sitting.
  41. Prone
    lying flat, especially face downward.
  42. Pronation
    1 : rotation of the hand and forearm so that the palm faces backwards or downwards. 2 : rotation of the medial bones in the midtarsal region of the foot inward and downward so that in walking the foot tends to come down on its inner margin.
  43. Proximal
    situated nearer to the center of the body or the point of attachment.
  44. Scoliosis
    abnormal lateral curvature of the spine.
  45. Supine
    (of a person) lying face upward.
  46. Supination
    rotation of the forearm and hand so that the palm faces forward or upward; also : a corresponding movement of the foot and leg in which the foot rolls outward with an elevated arch.
  47. Superior
    further above or out; higher in position.
  48. Draw sheet/turn sheet/lift sheet
    a sheet on top of the bed linenes that allows you to move a patient
  49. Walker
    a frame used by disabled or infirm people for support while walking, typically made of metal tubing with small wheels or rubber-tipped feet.
Card Set
Mobility Terminology
Mobility Terminology Nursing