Pharmacology chp 23, 24 & 25

  1. Which of the following is an important consideration in a patient's self administration of insulin
    Administration sites should be rotated with each injection
  2. Corticosteroid therapy is considered curative
  3. Rapid acting insulins
    Onset in 10-30 minutes and peak and 1-2 hours, last 3-8 hours
  4. Which of the following is a microvascular complication of diabetes
  5. The hormones secreted by the pituitary gland include
  6. Rejection of transplanted organs may be prevented by the use of
  7. Intermediate acting insulin
    Onset in 1-3 hours and peak in 6-12 hours, last 18-24 hours
  8. Side effects of thyroid agents may include
    Cardiac arrhythmia, insomnia, excessive sweating, and menstrual irregularities
  9. The biguanides work by
    Decreasing hepatic glucose output and enhancing insulin sensitivity in the muscles
  10. Incretin therapies are a first-line option in the treatment of type 1 diabetes
  11. The hormones secreted by the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas include
  12. Long-acting insulins
    Onset in 1-2 hours, dont peak, and last up to 24 hours
  13. All types of insulins may be administered intravenously in an emergency
  14. Short-acting insulins
    Onset in 1/2 to 1 hour and peak in 1-5 hours, last 6-10 hours
  15. The sulfonylureas work by
    Increasing insulin production and by improving peripheral insulin activity
  16. Incretin therapy is indicated in type 2 diabetics who have not achieved glycemic control on metformin, sulfonylureas, or both
  17. Female sex hormones produced by the ovary and the adrenal glands are called
  18. Side effects of estrogens include
    Increased risk of thromboembolic disorders, migraine headaches and depression
  19. The side effects of oxytocin include
    Severe hypotension, tachycardia and arrhythmia and postpartum hemorrhage
  20. Backup contraception should be used for the first 2 weeks after starting Depo-Provera.
  21. The hormone that works in conjunction with FSH to induce secretion of estrogen, ovulation, and development of corpus luteum is
    Luteinizing hormone (LH)
  22. Which of the following comments is not true regarding estrogen therapy?
    Combination therapy with estrogen and progestin increases the risk of endometrial carcinoma
  23. Which statement indicates adequate patient education has taken place?
    I will use an alternative form of birth control while taking my antibiotic.
  24. Hormone therapies are still the most effective therapies and are appropriate for relief moderate to severe vasomotor symptoms encountered in menopause.
  25. Estrogen therapy should be used to prevent thromboembolic disorders and stroke in postmenopausal women.
  26. Side effects of progestins include
    Menstrual irregularity and amenorrhea, vision disorders, and possible decrease in bone density with prolonged use
  27. Plan B is available as an over the counter medication without proof of age.
  28. Magnesium sulfate is used to treat or prevent seizures in preeclampsia or eclampsia.
  29. Progestin-only contraceptives are contraindicated in lactating women.
  30. Hormone secreted by the corpus luteum and adrenal glands are
  31. Progestins are used for which of the following
    Treatment of amenorrhea and abdominal uterine bleeding and adjunctive and palliative therapy for advanced and metastatic endometrial or breast cancer
  32. Oxytocin is used for
    Induction of labor with at-term or near-term pregnancies
  33. Warfarin is the anticoagulant of choice because it has so few interactions with other medications
  34. Which comment made by a patient taking coronary vasodilators (Nitrates) indicates the need for additional teaching?
    I will notify the doctor if I get a headache because it could be dangerous.
  35. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors lower blood pressure by
    Decreasing vasoconstriction
  36. A variety of drugs that act in different ways to suppress various types of cardiac arrhythmias are called
    Antiarrhythmic agents
  37. Protamine is used to completely reverse the activity of LMWHs.
  38. Diuretics are first-line therapy for treatment of hypertension, either alone or in combination with another antihypertension agent.
  39. Warfarin and heparin are useful in dissolving blood clots to prevent embolization.
  40. Which of the following comments made by a patient taking digitalis indicates further follow up teaching is indicated?
    I should use an over the counter antacid to treat stomach irritation while taking my medication.
  41. Niacin should be discontinued immediately if the patient complains of skin flushing because this indicates a serious allergic reaction.
  42. HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) work by
    Inhibiting the enzyme needed for cholesterol syntheses
  43. Adenosine is equally effective to diltiazem or verapamil in converting PSVT.
  44. Side effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors include
    Rash, photosensitivity, blood dyscrasias, severe hypotension, cough, or nasal congestion
  45. Local anesthetics produce antiarrhythmic action by
    Stabilizing membranes
  46. Bile acid sequestrants achieve efficacy by which mechanism of action?
    Binding with bile acids in the intestine, which reduces the total body cholesterol
  47. Cholesterol absorption inhibitors work by
    Inhibiting intestinal absorption of both dietary and biliary cholesterol, blocking its transport in the small intestine
  48. To be considered for use in stroke, Alteplase must be given within 3 hours of onset of stroke symptoms
  49. Which of the following is not a potential side effect of Amiodarone?
    Increase in peripheral vascular resistance
  50. Long-acting
  51. Intermediate action
  52. Rapid action
  53. Short action
    Humulin R
Card Set
Pharmacology chp 23, 24 & 25
Pharmacology chp 23, 24 & 25