Pharmacology chp 20, 21 & 22

  1. Which of the following instructions would be most appropriate for a patient receiving osteoporosis therapies
    Do not use caffeine
  2. Which of the following are nonhormonal agents that act directly to inhibit bone reabsorption
    Bisphosphonates
  3. Neuromuscular blocking agents, or NMBAs, are potentially very dangerous due to the risk of respiratory arrest, which is caused by
    The potential to paralyze the diaphragm
  4. The muscle relaxant drugs achieve results through direct effect on skeletal muscle
    False
  5. Which of the following patient education information is true regarding the use of NSAIDs?
    Report bleeding gums to your physician
  6. Calcitonin may be used to treat postmenopausal osteoporosis in women who refuse HRT
    True
  7. Osteoporosis most likely affects older males.
    False
  8. Which response after patient education for NSAIDs and muscle relaxants indicates the need for follow up
    I should expect to notice some bleeding of my gums
  9. To be effective for treatment of osteoporosis, the largest possible dose as calculated for weight should be used when prescribing hormone replacement therapy.
    False
  10. Salicylates are included in the category of NSAIDs.
    True
  11. Dantrolene acts directly on skeletal muscles to manage spasticity resulting from upper motor neuron disorders.
    True
  12. NMBA's may only be used by trained medical professionals with resuscitation equipment available.
    True
  13. Side effects with muscle relaxants include
    Drowsiness, weakness, tremor, slurred speech, blurred vision, urinary problems
  14. Which of the following produces estrogen agonist activity that results in increased bone mineral density to reduce fracture risk without promoting breast or endometrial cancer?
    Selective estrogen-receptor modifiers (SERMs)
  15. The side effects of COX-2 agents are
    Increased risk of hypertension, atherosclerosis, and clotting
  16. The dosages of Mirapex and Requip are the same dosage when given for RLS as is used for parkinson's disease.
    False
  17. Partial seizures may include which of the following characteristics?
    Preceded by an aura
  18. Anticholinergic agents may have which of the following side effects?
    Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and anorexia
  19. Which of the following responses indicates a need for further education regarding antiparkinsonian drugs
    I should see effects of the medication within the next couple of days
  20. Which of the following is true of absence seizures?
    Most commonly occurs in children
  21. RLS may be treated with which of the following?
    Opioids
  22. RLS or restless leg syndrome is a sensorimortor neurologic disorder characterized by a distressing urge to move the legs.
    True
  23. Possible causes of seizure include
    All of the above (intracranial infection, intoxication and hypoglycemia)
  24. Which of the following responses indicates a need for further education regarding anticonvulsant medications?
    I will take the medication with grapefruit juice to lessen side effects
  25. Febrile seizures are a predictor of future seizures in adulthood
    False
  26. Partial seizures are activity limited to one area of the brain.
    True
  27. Clonic refers to extension of the trunk and extremities during seizure activity.
    False
  28. Which statement is true of unilateral seizures?
    Affects only one side of the body
  29. Dopamine agonists are commonly used
    To delay onset of levodopa- aused motor complications in Parkinson's disease
  30. The drug used for management of absence epilepsy only is
    Ethosuximide (Zarontin)
  31. Side effects of cocaine can include
    Euphoria, agitation and excitation, arrhythmia, stroke and cardiac failure
  32. Drugs that can exert a therapeutic effect on a person's mental processes, emotions, or behavior are
    Psychotropic
  33. Side effects of anxiolytic benzodiazepines may include
    Depression, hallucination, bizarre behavior, amnesia, ataxia and extrapyramidal reactions
  34. Contraindications for MAOI's include which of the following
    Cerebrovascular, heart and renal disease
  35. Anti-depressant medications are used primarily to treat
    Various types of depression
  36. Side effects of MAOI's may include
    Headache, stiff neck, hypertension or hypertensive crisis
  37. Treatment for chronic alcoholism frequently includes
    Elimination of caffeine, and a low carbohydrate and high protein diet
  38. Long term physiological effects of alcohol use include
    Liver damage, pancreatitis, esophageal varices, gastritis, ulceration, cardiomyapathy and hemorrhage
  39. Side effects of controlled CNS stimulants can include
    Dilated pupils with photophobia, nervousness
  40. SSRIs should be used with caution in which patients?
    Those who are more prone to suicide, people with diabetes, and patients with bipolar disorders
  41. Which of the following statements is true of Naltrexone?
    It blocks pleasurable sensations associated with alcohol and opiates
  42. Crystal, crank and ice are all street names for which?
    Methamphetamines
  43. Caution should be used when buspirone (Buspar) is administered to patients with
    Renal and hepatic impairment
  44. Treatment of acute alcohol poisoning is
    Close monitoring for respiratory status, prevent aspiration, IV electrolytes, fluids and benzodiazepines if needed
  45. Used for short period of time in acute injuries for pain and spasm
    Skeletal muscle relaxants
  46. Oldest types of these are salicylates (aspirin); associated with GI bleeding and ulcers
    NSAIDs
  47. Used only by medical personnel during procedures; paralyze muscles
    NMBAs
  48. NSAID Does not inhibit Cox-1; does not pose bleeding risks but may increase cardiac risks
    Cox-2 inhibitor
  49. Used for postmenopausal osteoporosis prevention
    Hormone replacement therapy
  50. Osteoporosis therapy
    Bisphosphonates
  51. Only skeletal muscle relaxant currently a scheduled drug
    Carisoprodol (Soma)
  52. All maybe used to treat inflammation
    NSAIDs, corticosteroids, Cox-2 inhibitors
  53. GI bleeding
    Silent side effect commonly associated with prolonged NSAID use
  54. Only skeletal muscle relaxant with direct effect on muscle; for MS, cerebel palsy not injury
    Dantrolene
Author
MedCodeChix
ID
341398
Card Set
Pharmacology chp 20, 21 & 22
Description
Pharmacology chp 20, 21 & 22
Updated