MIDTERM VOCAB

  1. provider organizations take on the responsibility of patient populations for which they provide care at a fixed rate per person
    Accountable care organization (ACO):
  2. Federal organization responsible for
    overseeing the Medicare and Medicaid programs
    Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS):
  3. reflects applied information management tools such as
    business intelligence tools and statistical software programs to transform data and information
    into improved health care delivery
    Data management and analytics:
  4. medical records which are maintained electronically
    Electronic health records (EHR):
  5. the use of computer technology to manage health information
    Health Information Technology (HIT):
  6. legislation
    passed as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) which identifies two
    sets of standards established as regulatory requirements to help providers meet meaningful
    use of Electronic Health Records (EHRs) and to assure that the EHRs across the nation meet an
    adequate standard for performance
    Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act (HITECH):
  7. process implemented in a series of phases to demonstrate utilization of
    EHRs and the impact on health
    Meaningful use (MU):
  8. model of care designed to enhance
    advanced practice care delivery
    Nursing Education for Healthcare Informatics (NEHI):
  9. specialty that integrates nursing science with multiple information
    and analytical sciences to identify, define, manage, and communicate data, information,
    knowledge, and wisdom in nursing practice.
    Nursing informatics (NI):
  10. demonstration of the patient as being a partner in healthcare
    Patient engagement:
  11. legislation that focuses on providing all Americans with access to quality and affordable healthcare
    Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA):
  12. achievement of metrics to ensure care provided is within identified standards
    of care
    Patient quality:
  13. achievement of metrics to ensure care provided is within identified safety
    standards of care; a domain of the NEHI framework
    Patient safety
  14. reflects the use of technology in patient care delivery; a domain of the NEHI framework
    Point-of-care technology:
  15. reflects quality improvement tools applied to individuals and health initiatives
    Population health:
  16. nurse educated beyond the bachelor’s degree level
    Advanced practice registered nurse (APRN):
  17. health care professional who serve as clinical and counseling
    psychologists, mental health and substance abuse social workers, mental health counselors,
    substance abuse counselors, psychiatrists, and marriage and family therapists
    Behavioral health professional:
  18. have prescriptive authority and provide care to women
    during pregnancy and birth, as well as primary care health services to women from adolescence
    beyond menopause
    Certified nurse-midwife (CNM):
  19. nurses who order, conduct, and interpret diagnostic and
    laboratory tests; prescribe both pharm/non-pharmacologic agents; establish and coordinate
    interprofessional plans of care; and teach and counsel on health promotion and risk reduction of
    disease
    Certified nurse practitioner (CNP):
  20. prepared at the masters or doctoral level as expert clinicians
    in a specialized area of nursing practice
    Clinical nurse specialist (CNS):
  21. are the primary anesthesia providers in rural
    America and other medically underserved areas; practice in a variety of settings
    Certified registered nurse anesthetist (CRNA):
  22. use of the computer to order medical tests
    Computer-based provider order entry (CPOE)
  23. plans and conducts food service to assist in the promotion of health and control of disease
    Dietitian
  24. documents that identify and direct inclusion of essential content within all nursing curricula
    Education standards:
  25. professional who plans, directs, and coordinates medical and health services
    Health care administration professional:
  26. professional who focuses on health information technology
    HIT professional:
  27. the identification, definition, management, and communication of data, information, knowledge, and wisdom.
    Informatics nurse specialist:
  28. behaviors that highlight interprofessional
    teamwork and reliance on technology solutions to enhance patient–clinician communications,
    planning, and decision making.
    Institute of medicine (IOM) core competencies:
  29. national education associations of
    schools of the health professions focused on creation of core competencies for interprofessional
    collaborative practice to guide curricula development at all health professions schools
    Interprofessional Education Collaborative (IPEC®):
  30. group of healthcare professionals responsible for the provision of patient care
    Interprofessional team
  31. process implemented in a series of phases to demonstrate utilization of EHRs and the impact on health
    Meaningful use (MU)
  32. reflects the U.S. goal for improving health care of the
    population and is reported to Congress each year
    National prevention strategy:
  33. aims and priorities to improve health care of the population
    National quality strategy:
  34. model of care designed to enhance advanced practice care delivery
    Nursing Education for Healthcare Informatics (NEHI)
  35. plans and conducts nutritional programs to assist in the promotion of health and
    control of disease
    Nutritionist
  36. assesses, plans, organizes, and participates in rehabilitation programs
    that help build or restore vocational, homemaking, and daily living skills, as well as general
    independence, to persons with disabilities or developmental delays
    Occupational therapist
  37. dispense drugs prescribed by physicians and other clinicians with prescriptive
    authority and have become important information resources for patients about medications and their use
    Pharmacist
  38. assesses, plans, organizes, and participates in rehabilitative programs that
    improve mobility, relieve pain, increase strength, and improve or correct disabling conditions resulting from disease or injury
    Physical therapist:
  39. healthcare provider who works with a physician to provide patient care
    Physician assistant
  40. a project that generated quality and safety
    competencies and accompanying educational materials for pre-licensure nursing students and the faculty teaching such content
    Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN):
  41. identifies behaviors and actions permissible based upon education and licensure
    Scope of practice
  42. standards designed to advance the science of simulation, share best
    practices, and provide evidence-based guidelines for implementation and training
    Simulation standards
  43. actions and behaviors expected to be performed when functioning
    within a particular nursing role
    Standards of practice
  44. a grass roots collaborative
    effort that established specific recommendations for schools of nursing to prepare nursing
    students and practicing nurses to fully engage in digital health care
    Technology Informatics Guiding Education Reform (TIGER):
  45. the nature of knowledge and what we can actually understand and “know”
    Epistemology
  46. a body of knowledge including facts and theories generated by the use of controlled
    rigorous and precise methods within a delimited area of concern
    Science
  47. an attempt to describe, explain, or predict some phenomenon of interest; develops in
    stages
    Theory
  48. refers to a system that contains both social and technical elements
    Socio-technical:
  49. process where an actor performs an action within a large network of actors who form, align, and stimulate action through a process called translation
    Actor-Network Theory:
  50. a process that is preplanned, executed, and evaluated in a logical,
    stepwise fashion
    Quality Improvement:
  51. the use of science to create a device to solve a problem
    Technology
  52. an approach to conceptualize quality improvement
    Plan-Do-Study-Act Model:
  53. framework to evaluate health care that includes structure, process, and outcome
    Donebedian Health Outcomes Model:
  54. providers or groups of providers agree to assume some level of risk with regard to the treatment of a large cohort of individuals
    Accountable Care Organizations:
  55. provided grants to communities to help them connect the use of health
    information technology to improvements in community health outcomes as demonstrated by
    standardized quality measures
    Beacon Project:
  56. created a national standard of functionalities that providers and
    hospitals could reference to ensure that their EHR was capable of supporting meaningful use
    EHR Certification Program:
  57. a five-year program of increasing complexity to encourage providers
    and hospitals to adopt and meaningfully use electronic health records
    EHR Incentive Program:
  58. identifies aims and priorities which are intended to serve as a
    framework for each of the different health-related agencies within the HHS
    National Quality Strategy:
  59. a program to provide technical assistance to
    primary care providers in small and safety-net practices to facilitate selection, adoption, and use
    of electronic health records
    Regional Extension Center (REC) Program:
  60. a program for States to build a nation-wide technological infrastructure
    that supports the secure exchange of clinical content between relevant care providers
    State HIE Program
  61. projects awarded to four
    university centers to spur technological innovation regarding the development of EHR
    technology
    Strategic Health IT Advanced Research Projects (SHARP):
  62. legislation to ensure health insurance coverage for the vast majority of U.S. citizens
    Affordable Care Act:
  63. legislation for the use of electronic health information
    HITECH Act
  64. approach where professionals are all focused on
    the same goals for the patient and are acutely aware of each other’s roles
    Interprofessional education/collaborative:
  65. actions, processes, or strategies used to increase a patient’s participation
    in health care decision making
    Patient engagement:
  66. another term for patient engagement; understanding that one must take
    charge of one’s health and that actions determine health outcomes; a process of gaining skills, knowledge, and behaviors to manage health; and having confidence to make needed changes
    Patient activation:
  67. software that has a purpose or function specific for its use
    Application software:
  68. a type of application software
    Database
  69. the study of actions or activities on basic human body functioning
    Ergonomics
  70. items needed to run the computer
    Hardware
  71. basic design of the computer parts
    Hardware configuration:
  72. characteristics of humans that need to be taken into consideration when selecting and using computer systems
    Human factors:
  73. physical layout of the computers and networking; are usually in the shape
    of a tree, star, ring, or bus
    Network typology:
  74. a mechanism for coding information into a computer in the form of
    machine code, instructing the computer to do some type of task
    Programming languages:
  75. used to compile programs and link computer codes that belong to either the system or application software
    Programming tools:
  76. a type of computer language
    Query
  77. application that is used or run on the computer
    Software
  78. software used to start and run a computer
    System software
  79. focuses on how useful a computer system/software is for the intended person to
    use it
    Usability
  80. willingness of a person or organization to adapt to the electronic technology
    Adoption
  81. digitalized interface used to facilitate the safe
    administration of patient medications at the bedside
    Barcode medication administration:
  82. individuals who embrace technology but search for bugs in the system
    Early adopters
  83. record of a person’s health information in a system that can be accessed by individuals between organizations
    Electronic health record:
  84. steps taken to determine the effectiveness of action
    Evaluation
  85. action taken to change a process or behavior
    Implementation
  86. individuals who embrace technology
    Innovators
  87. ability for one electronic system to communicate with another
    Interoperability
  88. individuals who are resistant to the implementation of technology
    Laggards:
  89. digitalized interface with data or actions performed at the
    patient’s bedside
    Point-of-care technology:
  90. process to identify the ability for people to adopt
    and adapt to an electronic medical record
    Roger’s Diffusion of Innovation model:
  91. individuals who are highly adept at working with electronic
    communication tools
    Super users:
  92. approach used that creates a feedback loop with the end users
    Agile
  93. testing done using test data or “made-up” data
    Alpha testing
  94. step performed to determine the needs of the organization, staff, and patients
    when implementing an electronic system
    Assessment
  95. testing done with a sample of “real” data
    Beta testing:
  96. all units or hospitals in a system go live at once
    Big Bang implementation:
  97. a 24-hour resource center on site for the first 3 days of each rollout
    Command center:
  98. system purchased as a final product
    Commercial off-the-shelf products:
  99. eam that is onsite the first 24 hours and available by cell or pager
    for 2 weeks thereafter the implementation
    Core implementation team:
  100. calculation of the cost of something and the potential return as a form
    of a benefit
    Cost benefit analysis:
  101. actions to determine if the goals of the project were met
    Evaluation
  102. actions performed when preparing for an electronic system to go live
    Implementation
  103. tests how well the different components work together
    Integration testing:
  104. units or facilities within a health care system are incrementally brought up on the new system
    Phased implementation:
  105. actions taken to ensure successful implementation of the electronic system
    Project management:
  106. an approach used to speed up development
    Rapid application development:
  107. document asking for information about a specific product
    Request for information:
  108. determination if the money invested on something has met or exceeded the return
    Return on investment:
  109. document asking a vendor to explain the steps and processes required
    if an electronic system is going to be implemented within an organization
    Request for proposal
  110. person who is familiar with the clinical unit and has been trained as a trainer on
    the new system
    Super user:
  111. standardized approach to information technology development and implementation
    Systems development life cycle:
  112. testing done by the system analyst to make sure the system functions as the
    designer understood it to be developed
    System testing:
  113. testing one specific component or module that performs a specific task
    Unit testing:
  114. an approach to development that occurs as a cascade
    Waterfall
  115. something that gets in the way of accomplishing a goal or objective
    Barriers
  116. designed to contain and share information from all providers
    involved in a patient’s care; data can be created, managed, and consulted by authorized
    providers and staff from across more than one health care organization
    Electronic health records:
  117. an approach to running an organization that supports the concept of
    continuous improvement, a long-term approach to work that systematically seeks to achieve
    small, incremental changes in processes in order to improve efficiency and quality
    LEAN management:
  118. providers showing that certified EHR technology is being used in ways that
    can be measured significantly in quality and in quantity
    Meaningful use:
  119. a mechanism for defining what needs to be improved in a process and how
    improvements and key components will be measured after the redesign
    Project charter:
  120. a subjective attribute that is can be measured objectively through the use of specific
    tools; an approach to measuring outcomes of care
    Quality
  121. offers technical assistance, guidance, and information to support
    and accelerate health care providers’ efforts to become meaningful users of Electronic Health
    Records (EHRs)
    Regional Extension Centers:
  122. a fundamental technique used within quality improvement that involves
    mapping a process to identify areas for improvement or change needed
    Workflow redesign:
  123. a negative evaluative measurement
    Balancing measures:
  124. 2 models used to ensure use
    Davies Award and EMRAM
  125. action that indicates the end users are willing to use the electronic system as intended
    End user acceptance:
  126. method to measure success
    evaluation
  127. criteria to evaluate success
    Measures
  128. criteria to determine if an action had an impact
    outcomes
  129. one type of criteria used to evaluate the success of an electronic system
    patient safety
  130. determination if the amount of time, money, and effort produced or contributed to a positive outcome
    return on investment
  131. positive experience with an electronic system
    Satisfaction:
  132. a method to share health information about a patient between providers and care settings
    Health information exchange:
  133. the ability of one system to use parts of another system
    Interoperability
  134. those that are established by a group of stakeholders without a formal adoption process
    Ad hoc standards
  135. those that are developed through a formal process of comment and
    feedback by interested stakeholders
    Consensus standards:
  136. classification system used for procedures
    CPT Code Sets:
  137. the process of linking interoperable components from one system to another and is an essential component for interoperability
    Data mapping:
  138. evolved over time to become universally used without a government or
    other mandates
    De facto standards:
  139. determined by the distribution of the map relationships for a given map
    Equivalence
  140. specified or established by the government for certain purposes
    Government-mandated standards:
  141. fundamental building blocks that the industry must address to
    fully realize the potential of the information technology (IT) infrastructure implemented under the HITECT Act
    Health care data standards:
  142. classification systems for diseases
    ICD Code Sets:
  143. process of realistic priority setting and



    long-range planning that includes action plans to achieve the goals and objectives of a plan
    Community health improvement plan (CHIP):
  144. collecting and analyzing data to mobilize
    communities, empower citizens, engage stakeholders, set priorities, and identify resources to improve population health
    Community health needs assessment (CHNA):
  145. methods that states use to determine if Medicaid needs to be expanded to
    meet the needs of a specific state
    Medicaid Waivers
  146. the total number of individuals living in a specific per square mile area
    Population density:
Author
LaurenHH
ID
340797
Card Set
MIDTERM VOCAB
Description
this sucks
Updated