Bones of the Upper Limb

  1. What makes up the arm?
    • Pectoral Girdle (Clavicle/Scapula)
    • Humerus
  2. What makes up the forearm?
    • Radius
    • Ulna
  3. What makes up the hand?
    • Carpals
    • Metacarpals
    • Phalanges
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    • Clavicle- the only connection between to the sternum
    • Where the appendicular skeleton attaches to the axial skeleton
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    • Acromial end
    • Flat in appearance
    • Surface for articulation with acromion on lateral end
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    • Conoid tubercle 
    • Bump on the inferior aspect
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    • Sternal end
    • Triangle in shape; a little thicker
    • Surface for articulation with manubrium of stemum and first costal cartilage
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    Anterior/Posterior Scapula
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    Superior Border
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    Superior Angle
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    Medial Border
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    • Inferior Angle 
    • The point of the scapula
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    Lateral Border
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    • Coracoid Process
    • C shape protrusion important for muscle attachment
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    • Glenoid Cavity
    • Where the arm articulates like the acetabulum
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    • Subscapular fossa
    • Fossa=Large divot
    • Sign you are looking at the front of the scapula
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    • Supraspinous Fossa
    • Fossa above the spine of scapula
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    • Acromion
    • Where the spine ends into a large blunt surface
    • Behind caracoid
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    • Spine of scapula 
    • Signifies the back
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    • Infraspinous fossa
    • Below the spine
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    • Anterior/Posterior view of the Humerous
    • Articulates w/scapula
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    • Greater tubercle
    • Lateral muscle attachment
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    • Lesser tubercle
    • Comes straight at us when looking at the anterior
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    • Head of humerus
    • Goes into the glenoid cavity
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    • Intertubercular sulcus
    • Grove in between the tubercle
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    • Coronoid fossa
    • Small groove above the trochlea
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    • Medial Epicondyle
    • Bone protrudes 
    • "Funny bone"
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    • Trochlea Condyle
    • Medial
    • Looks like a spool of thread
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    • Capitulum Condyle
    • Lateral
    • Looks like a bead
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    • Radial Fossa
    • Small groove
    • Forearm articulates here when you flex
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    Anatomical Neck
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    • Surgical Neck
    • Where the bone thins out
    • Place where the bone breaks most often
    • Where the growth plate was
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    • Deltoid tuberosity
    • Roughened on shaft 
    • Comes out laterally
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    • Olecranon fossa
    • Large groove
    • Ulna fits in here when arm is extended
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    • Glenohumeral Joint
    • Shoulder joint
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    Anterior/posterior view of Radius & Ulna

    • Ulna is medial and "eats the trochlea
    • Allows movement

    Radius is lateral
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    • Olecranon Process
    • The top of the "C"
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    • Trochlear notch
    • Cut out for trochlea
    • Curve of "C"
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    • Coronoid Process
    • Bottom part of "C"
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    • Head of ulna
    • More distal
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    • Styloid process of Ulna
    • Comes off of the head
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    • Head of Radius
    • Flat
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    • Radial Tuberosity
    • Biceps attach here
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    • Styloid process of Radius
    • More lateral
    • Similar to the ankle
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    • Elbow Joint
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    • Proximal Row:
    • Scaphoid, lunate, triquetrum, pisiform

    • Distal Row:
    • Trapezium, trapezoid, capitate, hamate
Author
Zaqxz
ID
340625
Card Set
Bones of the Upper Limb
Description
alksdjf
Updated