What are Dynamic Targets?
Targets identified too late, or not selected, for action in time to be included in deliberate targeting but when detected meet criteria specific to achieving objectives.
What are Deliberate Targets?
Targets known to exist in the operational environment, upon which actions are planned using deliberate targeting, creating effects which support commander’s objectives.
What are the types of dynamic targets?
- Time Sensitive Targets
- Component Commander Targets
- On-Call Targets
- Targets of Opportunity
What are the types of Component Targets?
- HVT-High Value Targets
- HPT-High Pay-off Targets
- CCT-Component Critical Target (component commanders HPT)
What are the types of On-call Targets?
- TOO-Targets Of Opportunity
Where do dynamic targets fit into the D3A process?
Into Detect, Deliver, Assess.
What are the parts of F2T2EA?
Find, Fix, Track, Target, Engage, Assess
What step in F2T2EA allows you to focus sensors, locate, identify a potential target?
What is the difference between the track and target phases?
The track phase is used to provide persistent ISR on the target while the target phase validates the target is approved for engagement.
What is the most important output of the assess phase?
The timely report of estimated or confirmed engagement results
What are four goals of Target Exploitation?
- Force protection
- Targeting component
- Materiel sourcing
Information gained in the find, fix, finish, and exploit phases turns into intelligence which can be used to drive operations is what part of F3EAD?
What are the parts of F3EAD?
F3EAD is best suited for what level of operations?
What is targeting?
The process of selecting and prioritizing targets and matching the appropriate response to them, considering operational requirements and capabilities.
What is the purpose of the targeting process?
To provide the commander with a methodology linking objectives with effects throughout their operational environment.
What is the primary focus of the targeting process?
To assist the commander to most effectively employ military resources to achieve his objectives.
What are the four principles of targeting?
- Focused on objectives
- Effects Based
What is Deliberate Targeting?
Targeting that prosecutes planned targets.
What are the types of Planned Targets?
What are Scheduled targets?
Targets that exist in the operational environment and are located in sufficient time or prosecuted at a specific, planned time.
What are On-Call targets?
Targets that have actions planned, but not for a specific delivery time.
What is Dynamic targeting?
Targeting that prosecutes targets of opportunity and changes to planned targets or objectives.
What are the types of Dynamic targets?
- Targets of Opportunity
- Unplanned Targets
- Unanticipated targets.
What are Targets of Opportunity?
Targets identified too late, or not selected in time to be included in deliberate targeting
What are Unplanned Targets?
Targets that are known to exist in the operational environment, but no action has been planned against them.
What are Unanticipated Targets?
Targets that are unknown or not expected to exist in the operational environment.
What are Time-Sensitive Targets?
A JFC designated target requiring immediate response because it is a highly lucrative, fleeting target of opportunity or it poses (or will soon pose) a danger to friendly forces.
What is the principle purpose of the TSM?
Prioritize targets and allocate resources
What is the primary purpose of the FSEM?
To synchronize the scheme of fires with the scheme of maneuver.
What are the components of Battle Damage Assessment?
- Physical damage assessment (quantitative percentage of destruction)
- Functional damage assessment (includes: All-Source analysis and time required for enemy to replace function)
- Target system assessment (overall assessment of entire target system capabilities effectiveness i.e. ADA)
How is BDA effects to materials classified?
What is passive BDA?
If no fires were observed from a target area for a specific amount of time after Counter-fire Battery engagement intelligence can assume a degradation of enemy target systems.
What is Munitions Effectiveness evaluation?
- Concurrent with BDA
- Evaluates munitions, & weapon system effectiveness on a target.
- Utilizes Weaponeering Software to determine more effective ways to utilize systems and munitions.
What is the main objective of the Deliver Phase.
Attacking targets in accordance with the Commander’s Guidance
What are the two types decisions during the Deliver phase?
- Tactical: Selecting the Appropriate Attack System or Systems
- Technical: Specific Attack Platform, Type of Ordnance, Time of Attack
Combat Assessment is composed of what three major elements?
- Battle damage assessment
- Munitions effectiveness assessment
- Reattack recommendation/future target development
What is "the estimate of damage resulting from the application of lethal or non-lethal military force"?
Battle Damage Assessment
What is "the determination of the overall effectiveness of force employment during military operations"?
What questions are we answering in Battle Damage Assessment?
- Was the target effected?
- What was the extent of the damage/change?
- Were the commander’s objectives met?
- Did we perform the Measure of Performance to standard?
What is "The detailed evaluation of the actual performance of friendly weapons systems, munitions, and tactics employed"
Munitions Effectiveness Assessment
What is the Fires principle 'Focused'?
The process focuses on achieving the Commander’s objectives.
What is the Fires principal 'Effects Based'?
Targeting is concerned with the creation of specific desired effects through lethal and nonlethal actions.
What is the Fires principle 'Interdisciplinary'?
Targeting is a Command function requiring participation of many disciplines.
What is the Fires principle 'Systematic'?
Targeting seeks to achieve effects through lethal and non-lethal actions in a systematic manner.