SAT lit

  1. Prose before 1800
    • Theological and scientific arguments
    • Didactic reasoning
    • Narrators frame stories as real accounts
  2. Prose in 19th century
    • Nonfiction: collecting and analyzing data to deduce argumentative claims
    • Fiction: conventions to represent real experiences of characters
    • Reflection of social reform for race, class, gender
  3. Prose in 20th century
    • The World Wars, global Depression
    • Scientific and technological change
    • Social mobility
  4. First person prose
    • Personal narrative
    • Reflects own experience
    • Not telling the truth, misunderstanding, ignoring of events
  5. Third person prose
    • Narratorā€™s perspective separate from character
    • More objective
  6. Second person prose
    • You pronoun
    • Relationship between reader and events
  7. First person plural prose
    • Uses we
    • Group of narrators
    • Evokes a community sharing experiences
    • Focus on events of recounts instead of subjective reactions to them
  8. Situation in prose
    • Setting and plot
    • Form of narrative (dialogue heavy, number of characters, specific settings or social conditions)
    • Suggestions of genre
    • Allegorical instances
  9. Tone in prose
    • How the passage conveys
    • Changes in tone
    • Figurative language
    • Imagery
    • Dialogue formality
    • Diction and syntax
    • Reframing
    • Argumentation
  10. Poetry
    • Patterns of style and rhythm including organization into verses and lines
    • Rhyme scheme
    • Meter
    • Diction and syntax
  11. Poetry before the 1800s
    • Themes of religion, mythology, romantic love, fleeting nature of beauty
    • Definite formal structures and rhyme schemes
  12. Poetry in the 19th century
    • Balance between intellect and emotion, nature and industry
    • Later periods - social reform movements of race, class, gender
  13. Poetry in the 20th century
    • World wars, Depression, scientifically and technological change
    • Poems conforming to traditional structures do so to comment on political or thematic implications of those conventions
  14. Speakers in poetry
    • Consider title
    • Elegies and love poems often deal with real people
    • Does or paeans address personified abstractions or parts of the self
    • Apostrophes - addresses to a new figure
  15. Situation in poetry
    • Relies on figurative language and allusion
    • Type of poem, rhyme scheme, form and tone analysis
    • Uniformity and steadiness of meter
  16. Tone in poetry
    • Effect of sonic features
    • Complications through imagery, paradoxes or irony
  17. Drama
    Stage directions
  18. Drama before the 1800s
    Reworks mythological or historical events or relationships
  19. Drama in the 19th century
    • Balance between intellect and emotion, nature and industry
    • Social reform of class, gender, race
  20. Drama in the 20th century
    • The World Wars, global Depression
    • Scientific and technological change
    • Social mobility
  21. Speakers in drama
    • Majorly speech or action
    • Dialogue
    • Named characters
    • Character relationships are more complex - the unsaid
  22. Situation in drama
    • Setting and plot
    • Form of the dialogue
    • Sense of the genre
  23. Tone in drama
    • Monologues common - understanding of motivations and priorities
    • Asides common - conniving
    • Interruptions - egocenctric
  24. anachronism
    placement of person, event or object in a historical or chronological time to which it does not belong
  25. analogy
    comparison used to explain or clarify something
  26. anecdote
    • short narrative about a interesting event
    • usually presented as if interesting in isolation or as a subjective description
  27. apostrophe
    address to a person who is usually absent
  28. diction
    formal, informal, colloquial or slang
  29. emphasis
    forceful expression giving importance to a mentioned person, place or object
  30. fable
    • a story with a moral
    • usually involves animals as main chs
  31. farce
    satire bordering on the absurd
  32. irony
    expression of meaning that is the opposite of the literal meaning
  33. paean
    expression of joyful praise
  34. parable
    story told to convey a moral message or lesson
  35. pastoral
    portrays lives of people in the country
  36. pathos
    something that evokes a feeling of pity or sympathy
  37. soliloquy
    • speech addressed to the audienceĀ 
    • delivered when only one actor is on stage
    • expounding upon predicament or state
Card Set
SAT lit