study guide Sect 1
What are the four "goals" of psychology?
What is the debate that asks if we are born with certain traits or if we acquire traits through experience and our environment?
Nature v.s Nurture debate
What is knowledge that comes from experience?
What is a general explanation of a set of observations or facts?
What is used to study a person in depth over an extended period of time?
What is a sample in which everyone has the same and equal chance of being selected?
What is a sample that includes only important subgroups that are proportional to the larger population?
What are some examples of the advantages of surveys?
-can track attitudes/behavior over time
What are some examples of the disadvantages of surveys?
-wording can be bias
-people may give false info
Which number has a stronger correlation, -.89 or .35?
The number ______ from 0 has a higher correlation?
Two factors that rise/fall together is?
If one factor goes up and another factor goes down then what type of correlation is it?
Are laboratory observations real or artificial?
What is the thing the researcher will change/manipulate to see if it has any effect?
What is the thing the researcher will measure at the end of the experiment?
What group is exposed to the independent variable(treatment)?
What group is not exposed to the independent variable?
What is used when the experimenter/participants do not know who is in the experimental or control groups?
Double blind technique
Which perspective talks about your childhood?
Which perspective talks about your enviroment?
Which perspective talks about how you think about things or your mental process?
Which perspective talks about brains, neurons, and heredity?
Which perspective talks about free will and choosing your own destiny?
Which perspective talks about adapting for survival?
Which perspective talks about people/groups and culture?
How many perspectives do most psychologists have?
How many different perspectives are there?
What is introspection?
looking withing yourself
Who is the father of psychology?
Who brought psychology into the united states?
Who wrote the "principals of psychology"?
Who is related to behaviorism?
Who said the whole is greater than the sum of its parts?
What is the phi phenomenon?
when something appears to be in motion that isn't
What is the main focus of psychoanalysis?
Who is related to psychoanalysis?
What does cognitive mean?
Who is related to the humanistic approach?
Who is related to the hierarchy of needs?
Who was Francis Cecil Sumner?
-Self-educated by parents/had no HS diploma
-father of African-American psychology
-first African-american to earn a Ph.d in psychology
-had famous student kenneth Clark
-Clark's research against prejudice and segregation was used in Brown v. Board of Ed. case
study guide Sect 1
The Journey begins-Into to Psy.