Narcotic Analgesic Flashcards

  1. A _______ is a drug derived from Opium, or produced synthetically, that relieves pain but also induces euphoria, alters mood, and produces sedation
  2. An _______ is a medication or drug that relieves pain. It differs from an anesthetic, in that it lowers one’s perception or sensations of pain, rather than stopping nerve transmission.
  3. Non-Narcotic Analgesics, such as ______, ______, and ______, relieve pain, but do NOT produce narcosis, which means numbness or sedation.
    Aspirin, Tylenol, and Motrin
  4. There are two subcategories of Narcotic Analgesics:
    • Opiates
    • Synthetics
  5. The term “main ingredient” can be used as a synonym for
  6. Narcotic Analgesics all share three characteristics:
    • 1. They all relieve pain
    • 2. They will produce withdrawal signs and symptoms
    • 3. They will suppress the withdrawal signs and symptoms
  7. the generic, or technical, name for Heroin is
    Diacetyl Morphine
  8. is the most commonly-abused illicit Narcotic Analgesic
  9. What are the three natural alkaloids of raw opium:
    • Morphine
    • Codeine
    • Thebaine
  10. What are the derivatives of Morphine?
    • Diacetyl Morphine (Heroin)
    • Hydromorphone (Dilaudid)
  11. What are the derivatives of Codeine?
    Hydrocodone (Lortab)
  12. What are the derivatives of Thebaine?
    • Oxymorphone (Numorphan)
    • Oxycodone (Oxycontin)
    • Buprenorphine (Subutex)
  13. Sometimes called “Drug Store Heroin” since it is commercially available from medical and pharmaceutical sources
  14. Theses are  commonly prescribed pain reliever containing Hydrocodone and Acetaminophen
    • Hycodan
    • Vicodin
  15. Street names for Oxycodone:
    “Oxy”; “OC”; “Killer"
  16. Some Common Synthetic Opiates
    • Demerol
    • Methadone
    • Fentanyl
    • Kratom
  17. (Mitragyna Speciosa) is produced from the leaves of tropical trees native to Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and other areas of Southeast Asia.
  18. Methods of administration of Narcotic Analgesics vary from one drug to another but may include:
    • Some are commonly taken orally
    • Some are smoked
    • Some are snorted (insufflated).
  19. the technical term for “droopy eyelids” is:
  20. Hypopnea or Bradypnea.
    Slowed breathing
  21. The psychological effects of Heroin begin _________ after the injection.
  22. The effects of heroin will usually be observable for up to:
    4 – 6 hours.
  23. Withdrawal signs of heroin start to become observable 8 – 12 hours following injection they are:
    • Goose bumps (usually associated to chills)
    • Sweating
    • Runny nose
    • Tearing
    • Vomiting
    • Yawning
  24. These symptoms begin to intensify from 14 – 24 hours after injection and may be accompanied by:
    goose bumps (piloerection), slight tremors, loss of appetite, and dilation of the pupils.
  25. Approximately 24 – 36 hours after heroin injection, the addicted user experiences
    insomnia, vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, depression, and hot and cold flashes.
  26. Withdrawal symptoms and signs of heroin use generally reach their peak _____ ____ after injection
    2 – 3 days
  27. The user’s equipment is commonly referred to as a _______ or _______
    “hype kit,” “works.”
  28. one inch of tracks indicates approximately ___-___ separate injections have been administered in this area.
    50 – 100
  29. This injecting under a scab to hide multiple puncture wounds is referred to as
    Trap Dooring
  30. Scabs develop within about ___-___ hours after a puncture
    18 – 24
  31. After about __ days, a scab usually starts to peel or flake and then falls off.
  32. There is no exact science to classifying the age of puncture wounds. Some general guidelines are:
    • Fresh: 12 hrs
    • Early: 12-96 hrs
    • Late: 5-14 days
    • Healing: 14 days+
  33. What is another, more common, name for the drug called Diacetyl Morphine?
  34. A drug used extensively in maintenance programs as a substitute for heroin.
  35. An analgesic is a drug that ______?
    Relieves pain
  36. A semi-synthetic narcotic prescribed for chronic or long-lasting pain.
Card Set
Narcotic Analgesic Flashcards
Narcotic Analgesic Flashcards