First Week Slides

  1. Name the 6 sub categories of CNS Depressants
    • Barbiturates
    • Non-barbiturates
    • Anti-Anxiety Tranquilizers
    • Anti-Psychotic Tranquilizers
    • Anti-Depressants
    • Combinations
  2. What were the two stages of validation and dates
    Johns Hopkins validation was conducted in 1984

    LAPD Field Validation Study was conducted in 1985
  3. In the LAPD Field Validation Study how many and what percentage had one drug other than alcohol?
    37 (21%)
  4. In the LAPD Field Validation Study how many and what percentage had two drug including alcohol?
    82 (47%)
  5. In the LAPD Field Validation Study how many and what percentage had three drugs including alcohol?
    43 (25%)
  6. In the LAPD Field Validation Study how many and what percentage had no drugs or alcohol?
    1
  7. In the LAPD Field Validation Study how many and what percentage had just alcohol?
    10
  8. In the LAPD Field Validation Study how many and what percentage had two or more drugs?
    125 (72%)
  9. In the LAPD Field Validation Study what percentage  were using PCP?
    56%
  10. During the Laboratory Study at what percentage were DRE officers able to identify unimpaired subjects?
    95%
  11. During the Laboratory Study at what percentage were DRE officers able to identify impaired subjects?
    98.7%
  12. During the Laboratory Study at what percentage were DRE officers able to correctly identify subjects category of drugs?
    91.7%
  13. A common brand name for Secobarbital is:
    Seconal
  14. The drug examiners were senior DREs from LAPD. One LAPD participant was:
    Dick Studdard
  15. Johns Hopkins validation was conducted in
    1984
  16. LAPD Field Validation Study was conducted in
    1985
  17. During the Laboratory Study what drugs were used in the pill administered?
    •  Secobarbital (CNS Depressant)
    •  Valium (i.e., Diazepam – CNS Depressant)
    •  d‐amphetamine (CNS Stimulant)
  18. Sometimes, metabolites of the original drug are themselves drugs, and cause impairment. For example, the body quickly metabolizes ______ into morphine
    Heroin
  19. Medical Conditions That May Mimic Drug Impairment include:
    • Bipolar Disorder
    • Conjunctivitis
    • Diabetes
    • Head Trauma
    • Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
    • Shock
    • Stroke
  20. What are the two types of nerves that make up the Autonomic Nervous Sub‐System?
    • Sympathetic nerves
    • Parasympathetic nerves
  21. An effect that may occur when the body reacts to the presence of a drug by producing hormones or neurotransmitters to counteract the effects of the drug consumed
    Downside effect
  22. Dopamine functions in the brain’s reward pathway, release making you feel good
    o It is an ________  neurotransmitter and acts like the “gas pedal” in a car
    EXCITATORY
  23. Even _______ drug users, when impaired, usually exhibit clinical evidence (i.e., in the vital signs and eye signs – such as Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus (HGN)).
    tolerant
  24. when people regularly use Heroin, Cocaine, or Marijuana, their bodies may cease producing the neurotransmitters and hormones known to be crucial for proper pain relief, stress reduction, mental stability, and motivation. What is this called?
    Negative Feedback
  25. Name two CNS Stimulant drugs
    • 1. Vyvanse
    • 2. Ritalin
    • 3. Methamphetamine
    • 4. d-Amphetamine
  26. HGN case law:
    AZ vs. Blake
  27. The traditional standard for scientific admissibility of evidence was the ______ Standard
    Frye
  28. In Daubert, courts serve as a gatekeeper for all scientific evidence. What four prongs must be met?
    • 1. Opinions testable
    • 2. Peer review
    • 3. Known error rate
    • 4. Based on methodology
Author
Flipit
ID
340296
Card Set
First Week Slides
Description
First Week Slides
Updated