Bones of the Lower Limb

  1. Process
    Rough prominence for muscle attachment
  2. Tuberosity
    Large, blunt process
  3. Tubercle
    Small, blunt process
  4. Spine
    Pointed projection
  5. Crest
    Prominent border
  6. Fossa
    Saucer-like depression
  7. Foramen
    Hole in a bone
  8. Articulation
    Refers to a joint
  9. Head
    Rounded, articular surface joined to a neck
  10. Neck
    Constricted area between head and shaft
  11. Condyle
    Large, concave/convex articular surface
  12. Facet
    Small, articular surface
  13. Pelvic Girdle
    • Keeps the leg in place
    • Hip; bones of the leg are attached to
    • Stabilizes the lower limbs
    • When you walk this is what swings
  14. Ossa Coxa
    Hip bone
  15. What is made up of your thigh?
    • Pelvic girdle (ossa coxae, sacrum)
    • Femur
    • Patella
  16. What is considered the leg?
    • Tibia
    • Fibula
  17. What makes up the foot?
    • Tarsals
    • Metatarsals
    • Phalanges
  18. Image Upload 1
    Sacroiliac Joint
    • Image Upload 2
    • The sacroiliac joint connects the sacrum (triangular bone at the bottom of the spine) with the pelvis (iliac bone that is part of the hip joint) on each side of the lower spine.
  19. Image Upload 3
    Pubic Symphysis
    • Image Upload 4
    • Bone meets bone (where the two ossa coxa meet)
    • Cartilaginous joint
  20. What places are in line with each other in the pelvic girdle?
    • Anterior superior iliac spine (2)
    • Pubic tubercles (2) on either side of the pubic symphysis
    • The pelvic girdle is tilted
    • Image Upload 5
  21. Image Upload 6
    What is the red line?
    • Pelvic brim
    • Bowl that holds the organs
  22. True Pelvis
    Image Upload 7
    • The blue part below the rim
    • Where the pelvic organs sit
  23. False Pelvis
    Image Upload 8
    • Above the rim
    • Where the abdominal wall and supports the intestines
  24. Sacrum
    • Posterior Bone
    • Made up of 5 fused together vertebrae
  25. Image Upload 9
    Promontory
    Articulates with the last vertabrae (LV: a single vertabrae)
  26. Image Upload 10
    Anterior Sacral Foramina
    • Image Upload 11
    • Round Openings
    • Spinal nerves go through these holes
  27. Image Upload 12
    Median Sacral Crest
    • Image Upload 13
    • Ridges along posterior
    • This is how you know you are looking at the back
  28. Image Upload 14
    Auricular Surface
    • Image Upload 15
    • "Auricular"="Ear shaped"
    • Articulate with the hip bone
  29. Image Upload 16
    Sacral Canal
    • Image Upload 17
    • Opening in the bone
    • The rest of the spinal nerves go through this
  30. Image Upload 18
    Posterior Sacral Foramina
    • Image Upload 19
    • This is the same as the anterior sacral foramina, only from the back view.
  31. Image Upload 20 
    What bone is this and what is the orientation?
    • Os Coxae (Hip Bone)
    • This is the right hip
    • Image Upload 21
  32. Image Upload 22
    • Posterior Superior Iliac Spine (PSIS) is the top one
    • Posterior Inferior Iliac Spine (PIIS) is the bottom one.
    • Both are muscle attachments
  33. Image Upload 23
    • Greater Sciatic Notch
    • It is a notch cut into bone (nerves travel through this)
  34. Image Upload 24
    Ischial body/Ischium
  35. Image Upload 25
    Ischial Spine
  36. Image Upload 26
    • Ischial Tuberosity
    • "Tuberosity" = "rough ridge"
    • Bone you sit on
  37. Image Upload 27
    Ischium: the portion of the ox coxae that is the most posterior and inferior
  38. Image Upload 28
    • Ischial Ramus
    • "Ramus"= "straight portion" 
    • Like an arm projecting straight out
  39. Image Upload 29
    Ilium: the most superior part of the ox coxae
  40. Image Upload 30
    • Iliac crest
    • Ridge on top of bone
    • Gluteal muscles attach here
  41. Image Upload 31
    • Anterior Superior Iliac Spine (ASIS)
    • Anterior Inferior Iliac Spine (AIIS)
    • Both are muscle attachment places
  42. Image Upload 32
    • Acetabulum
    • The round part where the femur connects to the pelvis forming the hip
    • Can only be seen from the lateral view
  43. Image Upload 33
    • Pubis/Body of Pubis
    • Pubic bone: most anterior and inferior part of the ox coxae
  44. Image Upload 34
    • Inferior ramus of pubis
    • The arm where one ramus meets another
  45. Image Upload 35
    • Obturator Foramen
    • "Foramen" = "hole in bone"
    • Obturator muscle attaches to this
  46. Image Upload 36
    What is this and what view is it?
    Os Coxae in medial view bc you can't see the acetabulum
  47. Image Upload 37
    Ilium
  48. Image Upload 38
    Iliac Crest
  49. Image Upload 39
    • ASIS
    • AIIS
  50. Image Upload 40
    Arcuate Line
  51. Image Upload 41
    • Superior Ramus of Pubis
    • Where one ramus meets another
  52. Image Upload 42
    Pubis
  53. Image Upload 43
    Articular surface of Pubic (at pubic symphysis)
  54. Image Upload 44
    • Iliac Fossa
    • "Fossa"="Large Depression"
    • Muscle attachment
  55. Image Upload 45
    • Auricular Surface
    • This little divot meets with the sacrum
  56. Image Upload 46
    Ischial Spine
  57. Image Upload 47
    Lesser Sciatic notch
  58. Pubis Symphysis
    • Cartilage where one bone meets another
    • This allows movement (walking)
    • Shock absorber
  59. Image Upload 48
    • Lesser Sciatic Foramen
    • Turns into a foramen because of the sacrospinous and sacrotuberous ligaments
  60. Image Upload 49
    • Greater sciatic foramen
    • It is a foramen not a notch because of the sacrospinous ligament
  61. Image Upload 50
    • Sacrospinous Ligament
    • Attaches to the bone
    • Responsible for turning the greater sciatic notch into a foramen
    • Also helps turn the lesser sciatic notch turn into a foramen
  62. Image Upload 51
    • Sacrotuberous Ligament
    • Attaches to the bone
    • Responsible for turning the lesser sciatic notch into a foramen
  63. Image Upload 52
    • Ischial Tuberosity
    • Bone you sit on
  64. Image Upload 53
    What bone is it and what orientation is it in?
    • Right Femur
    • The left is anterior view and right is posterior view
    • You know bc the condyles face the back and the neck faces into the hip
  65. Image Upload 54
    • Femoral Head
    • Articulates with the acetabulum
  66. Image Upload 55
    Intertrochanteric Line
  67. Image Upload 56
    • Lesser Trochanter
    • More medial and posterior 
    • Muscle attaches here
  68. Image Upload 57
    • Adductor tubercle
    • Big bump
    • Medial and posterior
    • Muscle attachment here
  69. Image Upload 58
    • Medial epicondyle and medial condyle
    • Epicondyle is the textured ridge above the condyle which is a smooth surface that articulates with another bone
  70. Image Upload 59
    • Neck
    • Where the bone thins out
  71. Image Upload 60
    • Greater Trochanter
    • Bump important site for muscle attachment
    • Lateral and superior
  72. Image Upload 61
    Shaft
  73. Image Upload 62
    Patellar Surface
  74. Image Upload 63
    • Lateral Epicondyle
    • "Epicondyle"="Ridge above condyle"
    • Textured
  75. Image Upload 64
    • Lateral Condyle
    • "Condyle"= "Smooth surface that articulates with another bone"
  76. Image Upload 65
    Posterior view of the greater trochanter
  77. Image Upload 66
    • Intertrochanteric crest
    • Can only be seen from the posterior view
    • Rounded ridge that connects the greater and lesser trochanters of the femur posteriorly
    • Marks the junction of the neck and shaft of the bone.
  78. Image Upload 67
    • Gluteal Tuberosity
    • Gluteal muscle attaches
  79. Image Upload 68
    • Linea Aspera
    • "Linea Aspera"="White Line"
    • Runs down posterior shaft
    • Thigh muscle attaches here
  80. Image Upload 69
    • Intercondylar Fossa
    • Large divot between condyles
  81. Image Upload 70
    Quadriceps Tendon
  82. Image Upload 71
    Patella
  83. Image Upload 72
    • Patellar Ligament
    • Holds patella and attaches to the tibial tuberosity
  84. Image Upload 73
    • Left is anterior view (smooth)
    • Right is posterior view
    • It will fall to the side it is from
  85. Image Upload 74
    Base
  86. Image Upload 75
    • Articular facet for medial femoral condyle
    • Articulates with the medial condyle on the femur
  87. Image Upload 76
    • Apex
    • The point on the bottom
  88. Image Upload 77
    • Articular facet for lateral femoral condyle
    • Articulate with the lateral condyle on femur
    • This is bigger
    • Always falls to this side which is the side the bone is from
  89. Tibia
    • Articulates with the femur
    • Weight bearing bone
    • Forms the knee joint 
    • Is the medial ankle bone
  90. Fibula
    Site for muscle attachment
  91. Image Upload 78
    • Intercondylar Eminence
    • Ridge
  92. Image Upload 79
    • Lateral Condyle 
    • Articulates with the femur
  93. Image Upload 80
    Head of the fibula
  94. Image Upload 81
    • Fibula 
    • More lateral than the tibia
  95. Image Upload 82
    • Proximal tiofibular joint
    • Distal tibiofibular joint
    • Both are points of articulation with the tibia and fibula
  96. Image Upload 83
    Lateral Malleolus
Author
Zaqxz
ID
340239
Card Set
Bones of the Lower Limb
Description
alkdsj
Updated