Total hectares of Forest in the Philippines during Spanish time
27.5 Million Ha
Total hectares of Forest in the Philippines in 1996
5.39 Million Ha
Remaining virgin forest in the Philippines
1 Million Ha
"National Integrated Protected Areas System Act of 1992″ Law
R. A. 7586
7 categories of NIPAS
- Strict nature reserve
- Natural park
- Natural monument
- Natural biotic areas
- Wildlife sanctuary
- Protected landscapes and seascapes
- Resource reserve
- Other categories established by law, Conventions
The system for classification and administration of all designated protected areas to maintain essential ecological processes and life-support systems, to preserve genetic diversity, to ensure sustainable use of resources found therein, and to maintain their natural conditions to the greatest extent possible
National Integrated Protected Areas System
Refers to identified portions of land and water set aside by reason of their unique physical and biological significance, managed to enhance biological diversity and protected against destructive human exploitation
Identified areas outside the boundaries of and immediately adjacent to designated protected areas pursuant to Section 8 that need special development control in order to avoid or minimize harm to the protected area
A group of people sharing common bonds of language, customs, traditions and other distinctive cultural traits and who have since time immemorial, occupied, possessed and utilized a territory
Indigenous cultural community
A forest reservation essentially of natural wilderness character which has been withdrawn from settlement, occupancy or any form of exploitation except in conformity with approved management plan and set aside as such exclusively to conserve the area or preserve the scenery, the natural and historic objects, wild animals and plants therein and to provide enjoyment of these features in such areas
A relatively small area focused on protection of small features to protect or preserve nationally significant natural features on account of their special interest or unique characteristics
An area set aside to allow the way of life of societies living in harmony with the environment to adapt to modern technology at their pace
Natural biotic area
A relatively large area not materially altered by human activity where extractive resource uses are not allowed and maintained to protect outstanding natural and scenic areas of national or international significance for scientific, educational and recreational use
Areas of national significance which are characterized by the harmonious interaction of man and land while providing opportunities for public enjoyment through the recreation and tourism within the normal lifestyle and economic activity of these areas
An extensive and relatively isolated and uninhabited area normally with difficult access designated as such to protect natural resources of the area for future use and prevent or contain development activities that could affect the resource pending the establishment of objectives which are based upon appropriate knowledge and planning
An area possessing some outstanding ecosystem, features and/or species of flora and fauna of national scientific importancemaintained to protect nature and maintain processes in an undisturbed state in order to have ecologically representative examples of the natural environment available for scientific study, environmental monitoring, education, and for the maintenance of genetic resources in a dynamic and evolutionary state
Strict nature reserve
(3) Purposes of Strict nature reserve
- To have ecologically representative examples of the natural environment available for scientific study, environmental monitoring
- Maintenance of genetic resources in a dynamic and evolutionary state
Communities within protected areas which have actually and continuously occupied such areas for five (5) years before the designation of the same as protected areas in accordance with this Act and are solely dependent therein for subsistence
Tenured migrant communities
An area which assures the natural conditions necessary to protect nationally significant species, groups of species, biotic communities or physical features of the environment where these may require specific human manipulations for their perpetuation
(4) Penalties under the NIPAS
- P5,000 - P500,000
- Value of thing damaged
- 1 -6 years, or both, as determined by the court
An established a trust fund for purposes of financing projects of the System
Integrated Protected Areas Fund
(4) Sources of NIPAS FUnd
- Taxes from the permitted sale and export of flora and fauna and other resources from protected areas
- From lease of multiple use areas
- Contributions from industries and facilities directly benefiting from the protected area
- Other fees and incomes derived from the operation of the protected area.
(5) Uses of Nipas fund
- duly approved projects endorsed by the PAMBs
(5) Study areas mandated by the NIPAS Act
studies as will be sufficient bases for selection.
- A forest occupants survey
- Land use plans done in coordination with the respective Regional Development Councils
- An ethnographic study
- A protected area resource profile
(8) Composition of the Protected Area Management Board
- Representative from the autonomous regional government, if applicable
- Provincial Development Officer
- Representative from the municipal LGU
- Representative from each barangay covering the protected area
- 1 representative from each tribal community, if applicable;
- 3 representatives from non-government organizations/local community organizations, and if necessary,
- Representative from other departments or national government agencies involved in protected area management.
The law creating "Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act"
REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9147
A species or subspecies that is facing extremely high risk of extinction in the wild in theimmediate future
Critically endangered species
Means preservation and sustainable utilization of wildlife, and/or maintenance,restoration and enhancement of the habitat
A general term to denote species or subspecies considered as critically endangered, endangered, vulnerable or other accepted categories of wildlife whose population is at risk of extinction
Species or subspecies that is not critically endangered nor endangered but is under threat from adverse factors throughout their range and is likely to move to the endangered category in the near future
The research, collection and utilization of biological and genetic resources for purposes of applying the knowledge derived therefrom solely for commercial purposes
A place or environment where a species or subspecies naturally occur or has naturally established its population
A permit issued to any individual or entity engaged in non commercial scientific or educational undertaking to collect wildlife
(4) Criteria for determination of endangered species
- Present or threatened destruction, modification or curtailment of its habitat or range
- Over-utilization for commercial, recreational, scientific or educational purposes
- Inadequacy of existing regulatory mechanisms
- Other natural or man-made factors affecting the existence of wildlife
Which agency shall have jurisdictionover all terrestrial plant and animal species, all turtles and tortoises and wetland species, including butnot limited to crocodiles, waterbirds and all amphibians and dugong.
The Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR)
Which agency shall have jurisdiction over all declared aquatic critical habitats, all aquatic resources, includingbut not limited to all fishes, aquatic plants, invertebrates and all marine mammals, except dugong
Department of Agriculture (DA)
Jurisdiction related to R. A. No. 9147 In the Province of Palawan, is vested to which agency
Palawan Council for Sustainable Development
Law creating the Palawan Council for Sustainable Development
Republic Act No. 7611
The Philippines is renowned as one of the countries with the highest level of biodiversity in the world. How many described species does the Philippines have?
52,177 described species
Devised as a planning strategy that shall serve as a guideline for promoting the adoption and implementation of innovative management techniques necessary for governing each protected area
Is a production sharing agreement between the Department of Environment Natural Resources and the participating people’s organization (POs) for a period of 25 years renewable for another 25 years and shall provide tenurial security and incentives to develop, utilize and manage specific portions of forest lands
Community Based Forest Management Agreement
Law Expanding the Coverage of the National Greening Program (ENGP)
Executive Order No. 193, series of 2015
Under the ENGP, the Duterte Administration how many hectares is the target for reforestation between 2017 to 2022 in accordance with the updated 2016-2028 Master Plan for Forestry Development .
1.2 million hectares
A certificate issued by DENR to an indigenous cultural community/indigenous peopledeclaring, identifying and recognizing their claimto a particular traditional territory which they have possessed and occupied, communally or individually, in accordance with their customs and traditions since time immemorial
CERTIFICATEOF ANCESTRAL DOMAIN CLAIM
A certificate issued by DENR to an indigenous Filipino individual, family, or clan, declaring, identifying and recognizing their claim to a particular area they have traditionally possessed, occupied and used by themselves or through their predecessors in interest since time immemorial
CERTIFICATE OF ANCESTRAL LAND CLAIM
Either natural vegetation or plantations of forest crops such as trees, or both, occupying a definable, uninterrupted or contiguous area not less than one hectare in size with the tree crowns covering at least ten (10) percent of the area, exclusive of the associated seedlings, saplings, palms, bamboo and other undercover vegetation
Covers the largest forest areas in the Philippines. It is situated from the coastal flats going up to approximately 800 meters in the altitude and is the biggest source of lumber supply in the country.
Forests that can be found along the mountains in about 1200 altitude high
Areas where settlement, traditional and/or sustainable land use, including agriculture, agro-forestry, extraction activities and other income generating or livelihood activities may be allowed to the extent prescribed in the management plan consistent with the General Management Planning Strategy. Land tenure may be granted to tenured residents whether ICC/IP or migrants.
Multiple Use Zone
Transition area or border where two ecological communities meet
These are the pedo-ecological units that occupy the lands with elevation of 500m and higher. The land gradients vary from flat to extremely steep slopes. Temperature is the critical factor in the development of this zone. These pedo-ecological areas have generally stale temperatures. Moisture is generally available for effective year-round biomass production.
These are the pedo-ecological units that occupy the lands within 500m elevations and have land gradients of more than 18%.
These occupy land within 500 m elevation and have slope of not more than 18%. The average temperature in these ecological landscapes is generally within the range of 22.50C to 250C. These ecological areas have the advantage of having cool evening and morning temperature where fog and morning dew provide the natural process of moisture conservation. In general, these areas represent the transitional (variable temperature) climatic zones.
These are the pedo-ecological units that occupy the lands within 100m elevation and slopes not exceeding 8%. The average temperature in these areas is generally greater than 250C
Which country currently emits the most greenhouse gases.
Which country is currently has the 2nd most greenhouse gases.
What portion of Boracay Island is covered with land title?
one third (1/3)
Who classified Boracay Island into forestland and agricultural land, by what law?
GMA - Proclamation No. 1064, s. 2006
Presidential Proclamation (PP) 1064 issued by then President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo on May 22, 2006, categorized how many hectares of Boracay as alienable and disposable, and the rest as forest land and protected areas
628.96 hectares or 60.94 percent of the island
Whose heirs hold the titled lot in Boracay
The heirs of Ciriaco Tirol
Effectivity of Baracay closure to rehabilitate and resolve the environmental issues surrounding Boracay.
Six months effective April 26, 2018
What is the annual global human population growth
83 million or 1.1% per year
What is the global population in 2018
Slope that is Not Alienable and Disposable
Moderately Undulating to Steeply Sloping
Hilly to Mountainous Slope