Vocabulary

  1. A hereditary condition in which the patient lacks one or more of the bloods normal clotting factors
    Hemophilia
  2. The coughing up of blood
    Hemoptysis
  3. Hemorrhage
    Bleeding
  4. A chemical compound that slows or stops bleeding by assisting with clot formation
    Hemostatic agent
  5. A condition in which the circulatory system fails to provide sufficient circulation to maintain normal cellular functions also called shock
    Hypo perfusion
  6. A condition in which a low blood volume, due to massive internal or external bleeding or extensive loss of body water, results in an in adequate perfusion
    Hypovolemic shock
  7. Black, foul smelling, tarry stool containing digested blood.
    melena
  8. A life threatening fracture of the pelvis caused by a force that display says one or both sides of the pelvis laterally and posteriorly
    Open book pelvic fracture
  9. A device to split the bony pelvis to reduce hemorrhage from bone ends, venous disruption, and pain
    Pelvic binder
  10. The circulation of blood within an organ or tissue in adequate amounts to meet the current needs of the cells
    Perfusion
  11. A condition in which the circulatory system fails to provide sufficient circulation to maintain normal cellular functions also called hypo perfusion
    Shock
  12. The bleeding control method used when a wound continues to bleed despite the use of direct pressure, useful if a patient is bleeding severely from a partial or complete amputation
    Tourniquet
  13. The narrowing of a blood vessel, such as with hypo perfusion or cold extremities
    Vasoconstriction
  14. The blood vessels that carry blood from the tissues to the heart
    Veins
  15. Very small, thin walled blood vessels
    Venules
  16. Loss or damage of the superficial layer of skin as a result of the body part rubbing or scraping across a rough or hard surface
    Abrasion
  17. And injury in which part of the body is completely severed
    Amputation
  18. An injury in which soft tissue is torn completely loose or is hanging as a flap
    Avulsion
  19. Injuries in which soft tissue damage occurs as a result of thermal heat, frictional heat, toxic chemicals, electricity, or nuclear radiation
    burns
  20. Injuries in which damage occurs beneath the skin or mucous membranes but the surface of the skin remains in tact
    Closed injuries
  21. Swelling in a confined space that produces dangerous pressure, may cut off blood flow or damage sensitive tissue.
    Compartment syndrome
  22. A burn caused by direct contact with a hot object
    Contact burn
  23. The presence of infective organisms or foreign bodies such as dirt, gravel, or metal.
    Contamination
  24. Hey Bruce from an injury that causes bleeding beneath the skin without breaking the skin
    Contusion
  25. Significant metabolic derangement that develops when crushed extremities or body parts remain trap for prolonged periods. This can lead to renal failure and death
    Crush syndrome
  26. An injury that occurs when a great amount of force is a ply to the body
    Crushing injury
  27. The inner layer of the skin, containing hair follicles, sweat glands, nerve endings, and blood vessels
    Dermis
  28. Discoloration associated with a closed wound; signifies bleeding
    Ecchymosis
  29. The outer layer of skin that acts as a water tight protective covering
    Epidermis
  30. The displacement of organs outside the body
    Evisceration
  31. Hey serious behavioral condition in which a person exhibits agitated behavior combined with disorientation, hallucinations, or delusions; also called agitated delirium or exhaustive mania
    Excited delirium
  32. Defibrillate connective tissue that covers arteries, veins, tendons, and ligaments
    FASCIA
  33. A burn caused by an open flame
    Flame burn
  34. A burn caused by exposure to a very intense heat; such as an explosion
    Flash burn
  35. Burns that affect all skin layers and may affect the subcutaneous layers, muscle, bone, and internal organs, leaving the area dry, Leathery,  and white, dark brown, or charred
    For thickness or 3rd° burns
  36. Blood collected within the body’s tissues or in a body cavity
    Hematoma
  37. Objects that penetrate the skin but remain in place
    Impaled object’s
  38. A sharp smooth cut in the skin
    Incision
  39. A deep, jagged cut in the skin
    Laceration
  40. The linings of body cavities and passages that are in dirct contact with the outside environment
    Mucous membranes
  41. Dressings made of petroleum guys, aluminum foil, or plastic that prevent air in liquids from entering or exiting a wound
    Occlusive dressing’s
  42. Injuries in which there is a break in the surface of the skin or the mucous membrane, exposing deeper tissue to potential contamination.
    Open injuries
  43. burns that affect the epidermis and some portion of the dermis but not the subcutaneous tissue, characterized by blisters  and skin that is white to read, moist, and mottled
    Partial thickness or 2nd° burns
  44. In injury resulting from a sharp, piercing
    Penetrating wound
  45. Infected with rabies
    Rabid
  46. A system that assigns percentages two sections of the body, allowing calculation of the amount of skin service involved in the burn area.
    Rule of nines
  47. A burn caused by hot liquids.
    Scald burn
  48. A burn caused by exposure to hot steam
    Steam burn
  49. Burn that affects only the epidermis, characterized by skin that is red but not blistered or actually burned it through
    Superficial or 1st° burn
  50. Burn caused by heat
    Thermal burn
  51. The presence of air in the veins, which can lead to cardiac arrest if it enters the heart.
    Air iembolism
  52. Naturally occurring Uneven pupil size
    Anisocoria
  53. A fracture of the orbit or of the bones that support the floor of the orbit
    Blowout fracture
  54. The delicate membrane that lines the eyelids and covers the exposed surface of the eye
    Conjunctiva
  55. The trans parent tissue layer in front of the people and iris of the eye
    Cornea
  56. A branch of the internal auditory canal that connects the middle ear to the oropharynx
    Eustachian tube
  57. The ear canal; leads to the tympanic membrane
    External auditory canal
  58. Globe
    The eyeball
  59. The muscle and surrounding tissue behind the cornea that direly and constrict the people, regulating the amount of light that enters the eye; pigmwnt in this tissue gives the Eye it’s color.
    Iris
  60. The glands that produce fluids to keep the iamb waste; also called tear glands
    Lacrimal gland’s
  61. The transparent part of the eye through which images are focused on the retina
    Lens
  62. The prominent bony mass at the base of the school about 1 inch posterior to the external opening of the year
    Mastoid process
  63. Dual impacting of the brain into the skull; coup injury occurs at the point of impact; contrecoup injury occurs on the opposite side of the impact, as the brain rebounds
    Coup-contrecoup injury
  64. An accumulation of blood between the school and the Dura matter
    Epidural hematoma
  65. A head position in which the patient’s eyes are looking straight ahead in the head and torso are in line
    Eyes forward position
  66. The recommended procedure for moving a patient with a suspected spinal injury from the ground to a long backboard or other spinal immobilization device
    Four person log roll
  67. The cushion that lies between two vertebrae
    Intervertebral disk
  68. Bleeding within the brain tissue itself; also referred to as an intraparenchymal hematoma
    Intra-cerebral hematoma
  69. The pressure within the cranial vault
    Intracranial pressure  (iCP)
  70. Actions of the body that are not under a person is conscious control.
    Involuntary activities
  71. Account for 80% of school fractures; also referred to as non-displaced school fracture; commonly occur in the temporal parietal region of the school; not associated
    Linear skull fractures
  72. Three distinct layers of tissue that surrounds and protects the brain and the spinal cord with in the school and the spinal canal.
    Meninges
  73. Injury to the head often caused by a penetrating object in which there may be bleeding and expose brain tissue.
    Open head injury
  74. An injury to the brain and its associated structures that is a direct result of impact to the head
    Primary/direct injury
  75. Bruising under the guise that may indicate a skull fracture
    Raccoon eyes
  76. The inability to remember events leading up to a head injury
    Retrograde Amnesia
  77. The after affects of the primary injury; includes a normal processes such as cerebral Adema, increased intracranial pressure, cerebral is Shima and hypoxia, and infection; answer is often delayed following the primary brain injury.
    Secondary/indirect injury
  78. Bleeding into the subarachnoid space, where the cerebrospinal fluid circulates
    Subarachnoid hemorrhage
  79. An accumulation of blood beneath the Dura matter but outside the brain
    Subdural hematoma
  80. A Trumatic insult to the brain capable of producing physical, and electrical, emotional, social, and vocational changes.
    TBI Trumatic brain injury
  81. Actions that we consciously perform, and which sensory input or conscious thought tdetermines a specific muscular activity.
    Voluntary activities
  82. The fiber like connected tissue that covers arteries, veins, tendons, and ligaments
    FASCIA
  83. The outer and smaller bone of the two bones of the lower leg
    Fibula
  84. A break in the continuity of the bone
    Fracture
  85. The part of the scapula that joins with the humeral head to form the glenohumeraljoint
    Glenoid fossa
  86. Blood in the urine
    Hematuria
  87. The place where two bones come into contact
    Joint
  88. A band of fibrous tissue that connects bones to bones. It supports and strengthens a joint
    Ligament
  89. A simple crack in the bone that has not caused the bone to move from its normal anatomic position, also called a hairline fracture
    Non-displaced fracture
  90. Any breaking a bone in which the overlying skin has been broken
    Open fracture
  91. A device to split the bony pelvis to reduce hemorrhage from bone ends, venous disruption , and pain
    Pelvic binder
  92. Tenderness that is sharply localized at the site of the injury, found by gently palpating along the bone with the tip of one finger
    Point tenderness
  93. A hand position in which the rest is slightly Dorsiflexed and all finger joints are moderately flexed
    Position of function
  94. To return a dislocated joint or fractured bone to its normal position; to set
    Reduce
  95. The space between the abdominal cavity in the posterior abdominal wall, containingThe kidneys, certain large vessels, and part of the gastrointestinal tract
    Retroperitonial space
  96. The major nerve or to the lower extremities; controls much of muscle function in the leg and sensation and most of the leg and foot
    Sciatic nerve
  97. A bandage or material that help to support the weight of an injured upper extremity
    Sling
  98. If flexible original device used to protect and maintain the position of an injured extremity
    Split
  99. Enjoy injury involving damage to supporting ligaments, and sometimes partial or temporary dislocations a bone ends
    Sprain
  100. Stretching or tearing of a muscle; also called a muscle pull
    Strain
  101. A bandage that passes around the chest to secure an injured arm to the chest
    Swathe
  102. The larger of the two lower leg bones responsible for supporting The major weight bearing surface of the knee and the ankle; the shinbone
    Tibia
  103. The bleeding control method used when a woman continues to bleed this by the use of direct pressure in elevation; useful if a patient is bleeding severely for a partial or complete Amputation
    tourniquet
  104. Longitudinal force applied to a structure
    Traction
  105. The area of potentially damage soft tissue, adjacent nerves, and blood vessels surrounding an injury to a bone or a joint
    Zone of injury
  106. Air bubbles in the blood vessels
    Air embolism
  107. The temperatureOf the surrounding environment
    Ambient temperature
  108. A serum that counteracts the effect of venom from an animal or insect
    Antivenin
  109. The ability of the skin to resist the information; tested by gently pinching the skin on the four head or back of the hand
    Turgor
  110. A common name for decompression sickness
    Bends
  111. A system that delivers air to the mouth and lungs at Verious atmospheric pressure’s, increasing with the depth of the day; stands for self contained underwater breathing apparatus
    Scuba gear
  112. Loss of consciousness caused by a decreased breathing stimulus
    Breath holding syncope
  113. The loss of heat by direct contact; when a body part comes into contact with a cold or object
    Conduction
  114. It’s triage process used in treating multiple victims of a lightning strike, and which efforts are focused on those who are in respiratoryIn cardiac arrest. Reverse trash is it different from conventional triage were such patients would be classified as deceased
    Reverse triage
  115. The loss of body heat as warm air in the lungs is Exhale into the atmosphereThe loss of body heat as warm air in the lungs is Exhale into the atmosphere and cooler air is inhaled
    Respiration
  116. The transfer of heat to cold or objects in the environmentBy radiant energy; for example, he came from a fire
    Radiation
  117. The loss of body heat cars to buy air movement
    Convection
  118. The temperature of the central part of the body in other words the heart longs in vital organs
    Core temperature
  119. A painful condition seen in diapers he was saying to quickly in which gas especially nitrogen forms bubbles and blood vessels and other tissues
    Decompression sickness
  120. The slowing of the heart rate caused by Submersion in Coldwater
    Driving reflex
  121. The process of experiencing respiratory impairment from submersion or immersion in liquid
    Drowning
  122. Any signs and symptoms caused by the difference between the surrounding atmospheric pressure and the total gas pressure in various tissues, fluids, and cavities of the body
    Dybariam injuries
  123. The conversion of water or another fluid from a liquid to gas
    Evaporation
  124. Damage to tissues as the result of exposure to cold; frozen body parts
    Frostbite
  125. Painful muscle spasms usually associatedpainful muscle spasms usually associated with vigorous activity in a hot environment
    Heat cramps
  126. He energy in which a significanthe he energy in which a significant amount of fluid and electrolyte loss occurs because of heavy sweating
    Heat exhaustion
  127. A life-threatening condition as severe hypothermia caused by exposure to excessive natural or artificial heat, Mark by warm, dry skin; severely altered mental status; and often irreversible coma
    Heat stroke
  128. A balance of all systems of the body
    Homeostasis
  129. A family of insects that includes bees, wasps, aunts, and yellow jackets.
    Hymenoptera
  130. A condition in which the body core temperature rises to 101°F or more
    Hyperthermia
  131. A condition in which the body core temperatureFalls below 95°F after exposure to a cold environment
    Hypothermia
  132. Your pregnancy that develops outside the uterus, typically in a fallopian tube
    Ectopic pregnancy
  133. The early stage of development after the fertilization of the egg (First 10 weeks)
    Embryo
  134. The lining of the inside of the uterus
    Endometrium
  135. A condition caused by the consumption of alcohol by a pregnant woman; characterized by growth and physical problems, mental retardation, and a variety of congenital abnormalties
    Fetal alcohol syndrome
  136. The developing a newborn infant inside the uterus from 10 weeks after fertilization until birth
    Fetus
  137. The dome shaped top of the uterus
    Fundus
  138. Diabetes that develops during pregnancy
    Gestational diabetes
  139. The movement of the fetus down into the pelvis late in pregnancy
    Lightening
  140. A delivery in which the presenting part is a single arm or leg
    Limb presentation
  141. Detal stool. When appearing as a dark green material in the amniotic fluid, they can indicate distress or disease in the new board; it can be aspirated into the fetus is long as during delivery
    Meconium
  142. The spontaneous passage of the fetus and placenta before 20 weeks; also called spontaneous abortion
    Miscarriage
  143. A woman who has had previous pregnancies
    Multigravida
  144. In umbilical cord that is wrapped around the fetus is Nick
    Nuchal cord
  145. Any woman, the area between the vagina and the anus
    Perineum
  146. The tissue attached to the uterine wall that nourishes the fetus through the umbilical cord
    Placenta
  147. A condition in which the placenta develops over in covers the cervix
    Placenta previa
  148. A pregnancy complicationA pregnancy complication that is characterized by high blood pressure, headache, visual changes, and swelling of the hands and feet; also called pregnancy induced hypertension
    Preeclampsia
  149. A condition of late pregnancyThat is characterized by headache visual changes and swelling of the hands and feet also called preeclampsia or toxemia of pregnancy
    Pregnancy induced hypertension
  150. The position in which an infant is born; defined by the part of the body that appears first
    Presentation
  151. A woman who is experiencing her first pregnancy
    Primigravida
  152. Hey situation in which the umbilical cord comes out of the vagina before the fetus
    Prolapse of the umbilical cord
  153. A development defect in which a portion of the spinal cord or meninges may protrude outside of the vertebrae and possibly even outside of the body, usually at the lower third of the spine in the lumbar area
    Spina bifida
  154. Low blood pressure resulting from compression of the inferior Venna cava by the weight of the pregnant uterus when the woman is supine
    Supine hypotensive syndrome
  155. A pregnancy that has reached full term, between 39 weeks and 40 weeks, six days.
    Term gestation
  156. The structure that connects the pregnant woman to the fetus to be at the placenta; contains two arteries and one vein
    Umbilical coed
  157. They white, cheesy substance that covers the body of the fetus
    Vernix caseosa
  158. A delivery in which the head of the newborn comes out first
    Vertex presentation
Author
cop121
ID
339982
Card Set
Vocabulary
Description
All chapters vocab
Updated