EnP 2018 Set 5 - Notable Names

  1. Hydraulic Civilization Theory
    Karl Wittfogel
  2. Renaissance Man
    Radial Urban Model
    Leon Battista Alberti
  3. Was an Italian humanist author, artist, architect, poet, priest, linguist, philosopher and cryptographer.
    Leon Battista Alberti
  4. Planned Washington, DC
    Pierre Charles L’Enfant
  5. Planned Paris
    Baron Georges Eugene Haussmann
  6. Commissioned by Napoleon Bonaparte
    Baron Georges Eugene Haussmann
  7. Plan for London (1666) and St. Paul’s Cathedral
    Sir Christopher Wren
  8. Planned Linear New Town for Edinburg
    James Craig
  9. Conceptualized “Village of Unity and Mutual Cooperation
    Robert Owen
  10. Prepared “London and Westminster Improved”
    John Gwynn
  11. Proposed utopian community called “Victoria”

    Population of 10,000
    James Buckingham
  12. Father of American Landscape Architecture
    Central Park
    Frederick Law Olmstead
  13. Conceptualized Garden Cities
    Garden Cities of To-morrow (1902), revised from Tomorrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform (1898)
    Ebenezer Howard
  14. 3 Magnets: Town, Country and Town-Country
    58,000 in the central city, 32,000 in the garden cities
    1,000 acres for each garden city
    Ebenezer Howard
  15. Architects who built the first Garden Cities and Letchworth and Welwyn
    Raymond Unwin and Barry Parker
  16. Planned San Francisco, Manila, Baguio
    Father of American Modern Architecture
    Daniel Hudson Burnham
  17. Radiant City (Le Ville Radieuse)

    Part of the City Beautiful Movement
    Charles Edouard Jeanneret (Le Corbusier)
  18. Conceptualized Linear City
    Don Arturo Soria y Mata
  19. Father of Urban Planning in Canada
    Thomas Adams
  20. Founded the British Town Planning Institute
    Concepts of Planning in Legislation
    First manager of Letchworth
    Rural Planning and Development
    Thomas Adams
  21. Organizer of the RPAA
    Clarence Stein
  22. Appalachian Trail
    The New Exploration: A Philosophy of Regional Planning
    Benton MacKaye
  23. Father of Regional Planning
    Survey Analysis Plan
    Cities in Evolution
    Sir Patrick Geddes
  24. Multi-disciplinary Planning
    The Culture of Cities
    The Story of Utopia
    Lewis Mumford
  25. County of London Plan (1943)
    Greater London Regional Plan (1944)
    Sir Leslie Patrick Abercrombie
  26. 1.25M people were dispersed to new towns and rural areas.
    • County of London Plan (1943)
    • Greater London Regional Plan (1944)
  27. Funder of the RPAA
    Alexander Bing
  28. Superblock

    RPAA pioneer
    Together with Clarence Stein, worked on the Sunnyside Homes
    Henry Wright
  29. Advocated for Public and Social Housing
    Modern Housing
    Used to be a member of the RPAA
    Catherine Bauer Wurster
  30. Broadacre City
    The Disappearing City
    Frank Lloyd Wright
  31. Broadacre cities as the antithesis to cities and transit-oriented developments.
    One acre per family.
    Frank Lloyd Wright
  32. Neighborhood Unit
    Clarence Perry
  33. 5000 to 9000 residents in 160 acres
    10% open space
    • Neighborhood Unit
    • Clarence Perry
  34. First Attempt at Zoning

    In New York
    Edward Bassett
  35. Linear Industrial City (Une Cite Industrielle)

    For 35,000 inhabitants.
    Removal of law enforcement and churches.
    Tony Garnier
  36. Championed diversity and mixed-use neighborhoods
    The Death and Life of American Cities
    The Economy of Cities

    Openly opposed Robert Moses.
    Jane Jacobs
  37. Launched a Global Environmental Movement
    Silent Spring
    Rachel Carson
  38. Pioneered Ecological Planning and GIS
    Design with Nature

    Also pioneered the technique of sieve mapping.
    Ian McHarg
  39. Advocated that plans should be in dynamic and not static terms.
    Developed Transport and Land Use Study
  40. Penn-Jersey Transportation Study
    Wesley Mitchell
  41. Urban transportation as basic spatial organizer
    Lowdon Wingo and Harvey S. Perloff
  42. Garin-Lowry Spatial Allocation Model (Gravity Model)
    Robert Garin and Ira Lowry
  43. Ladder of Citizen Participation
    Maximum Feasible ManipulationA Working Model for Public Participation
    Sherry Arnstein
  44. Citizen Power: Partnership, Delegated Power, Citizen Control
    Tokenism: Informing, Consultation, Placation
    Nonparticipation: Manipulation, Therapy
    Sherry Arnstein
  45. Incrementalism Model of Planning
    Incrementalism as “muddling through
  46. Cybernetics Approach of Planning
    Norbert Weiner
  47. Advocacy Planning
    Advocacy and Pluralism in Planning
    Paul Davidoff
  48. Conflict Confrontation as Philosophy in Community Organizing
    Rules for Radicals
    Saul David Alinsky
  49. Ekistics
    Introduction to Ekistics
    Action for Human Settlements

    In the year 2100, Earth would have 50 Billion population and zero population growth.
    Constantinos Apostolos Doxiadis
  50. Agricultural Rent
    The Isolated State
    Johann Heinrich von Thünen
  51. Bid-Rent Theory
    William Alonso
  52. Concentric Zone Theory
    Ernest Burgess
  53. Sector or Hoyt Model

    Activities expand outward in a wedge.
    Homer Hoyt
  54. Multiple Nuclei Model
    Chauncy Harris and Edward Ullman
  55. Central Place

    K=3 marketing principle
    K=4 transport/traffic principle
    K=7 Administrative principle
    Walter Christaller
  56. Growth Poles

    Scale and agglomeration economies.
    Francois Perroux
  57. Core-Periphery
    Planning in the Public Domain: From Knowledge to Action
    John Friedmann
  58. Least Cost Theory of Industrial Location
    Material Index
    Alfred Weber
  59. Regional Science
    Location and Space Economy
    Industrial Complex Analysis and Regional Development
    Methods of Regional Analysis
    Walter Isard
  60. Thunnen’s Agricultural Rings (Theory of Rent)
    The Isolated State
    Johann Henrick von Thunnen
  61. Location Quotient

    Looking at Basic Industries (exporting surplus) and Non-Basic Industries (service) that support the basic industries.
    • Klostreman - Haig)
    • Richard Klosterman and Robert Murray Haig
  62. Megalopolis
    Megalopolis: The Urbanized Northeastern Seaboard of the United States
    Jean Gottman
  63. Marxist Theory
    The Communist Manifesto

    Cofounded Marxist theory
    Friedrich Engels
  64. - Malthusian Trap
    - An Essay on the Principle of Population
    - The Nature of Rent
    - Principles of Political Economy
    Thomas Malthus
  65. - That population grows geometrically while food grows arithmetically.
    - Population tends to take advantage of the food surplus until the food supply is reconstrained.
    Thomas Malthus
  66. - Tragedy of the Commons
    - Individual users acting independently according to their own self-interest behave contrary to the common good by collectively depleting the resource.
    • (Lloyd - Hardin)
    • William Forster Lloyd and Garrett Hardin
  67. - Keynesian Income Multiplier
    - The bigger the consumption and the lower the taxes, the higher the income multiplier.
    John Maynard Keynes
  68. - GDP as Expenditure
    - GDP as Income
    - Cycle of Poverty: Low Consumption, Low Demand
    Simon Kuznets
  69. - Pareto Optimality for Cost Benefit Analysis
    Vilfredo Pareto
  70. - Rostow’s Stages of Growth (Theory of Economic Modernization)
    - Virtuous Cycle of Growth
    - Cycle of Poverty
    - The Stages of Economic Growth: A Non-Communist Manifesto
    Walt Rostow
  71. - Traditional society
    - Pre-conditions for take-off
    - Take-off
    - Drive to maturity
    - Age of mass consumption
    Walt Rostow
  72. - Circuits of Capital
    - Financial ventures are the fastest at providing returns, followed by commercial ventures and lastly by manufacturing.
    David Harvey
  73. - Cumulative Causation
    - Backwash and Spread Effects
    - Spread effects of additional industries that locate in an area.
    - “The rich get richer and the poor get poorer.”
    Gunnar Myrdal
  74. - Input-Output Model
    - Was helped by Walter Isard
    Wassily Leontief
  75. - Human Development Index
    - Categorizes into Low, Medium or High Human Development Countries
    - Income Index: GNI per capita
    - Life Expectancy Index: Life expectancy at birth
    - Education Index: Years of schooling
    • (ul Haq - Sen)
    • Mahbub ul Haq and Amartya Sen
  76. - Lorenz Curve
    - Used to represent income distribution, biodiversity and business modeling.
    Max Lorenz
  77. - Gini Coefficient
    - Used for measure of inequality.
    - 0 describes perfect equality and 1 as perfect inequality.
    - Values below 0 and above 1 are possible.
    Corrado Gini
  78. - Labor Migration Model of Urbanization
    - Migration decision is based on expected income differentials between rural and urban areas rather than just wage differentials
    Michael Todaro
  79. - Urban Forms, Legibility, Mental Maps
    - The Image of The City
    - PLEND: Paths, Landmarks, Edges, Nodes, Districts
    Kevin Lynch
  80. - Defined the Planning Process
    “the process of determining goals and designing the means by which these goals may be achieved.”
    Robert Young
  81. - Defined the Comprehensive Land Use Plan
    - “… a plan that makes provisions for all the uses that the legislative body of that municipality decides are appropriate for location somewhere in that municipality.”
    Hugh Pomeroy
  82. - Defined Goal Formulation
    - “the hingepin on which the rational planning process turns.”
    George Chadwick
  83. - Goal Achievement Matrix
    Morris Hill
  84. - Cost Benefit Analysis
    - Planning Balance Sheet
    Nathaniel Lichfield
  85. - Special Studies
    - Quantifying social activity through statistics
    - Urban Land Use Planning
    - First to write a comprehensive textbook on Urban and Regional planning.
    - Emphasized quantitative statistical tools.
    Francis Stuart Chapin
  86. - “SMART” test for Objectives.
    - SMART: Sustainable, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, Time-bound
    George Doran
  87. - Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
    - A Theory of Human Motivation
    - PSLES: Physiological, Safety, Love/belonging, Esteem, Self-actualization
    Abraham Maslow
  88. - Highest and Best Use
    Raleigh Barlowe
  89. The  “Father  of  GIS,”   pioneers  the  Jield.   His  work  is   recognized  as  the   ‘beginning of  GIS 1962
    Roger  Tomlinson
  90. Who established the ESRI   The Environmental   Systems Research   Institute   in 1969.
    Jack   and  Laura   Dangermond
  91. Proponent of the contingency theory
    Fred E. Fiedler
  92. situational leadership model
    Hersey and Blanchard
  93. Proponent of the Path–goal theory
    Robert House
  94. Leader - Participation Model
    Vroom Yetton Jago
  95. A Welsh textile manufacturer, philanthropic social reformer, and one of the founders of utopian socialism and the cooperative movement.
    Robert Owen
  96. scientific management thoery
    Frederick Taylor
  97. "bounded rationality" and "satisficing".
    Herbert Simon
  98. He is best known for his Theory X and Theory Y as presented in his book ‘The Human Side of Enterprise’ (1960)
    Douglas McGregor
  99. Believed that managers who treat people positively and as responsible adults will achieve productivity
    Chris Argyris
  100. "Bureaucratic administration means fundamentally domination through knowledge"
    Max Weber
Card Set
EnP 2018 Set 5 - Notable Names
People in Urban Planning