1. Cranial region
  2. Cervical region
  3. Pectoral region
    Area where front legs attach
  4. Thoracic region
    Chest area
  5. Abdominal region
  6. Pelvic region
    Area where the back legs attach
  7. Dorsal
    Toward the back
  8. Ventral
    Toward the belly
  9. Lateral
    Toward the sides
  10. Median
    Near the middle
  11. Anterior
    Toward the head
  12. Posterior
    Toward the tail
  13. Caudal
    Toward the tail end
  14. Forefoot
  15. Hindfoot
  16. Animal that walks with it's heels elevated off the ground
  17. Animals whose heels and digits rest on the ground with each step
  18. Summarize the purpose of the digestive tract
    To break down food and extract nutrients necessary for life
  19. How is the tongue attached? What is the role of the tongue in feeding?
    • Attached at rear
    • Move food to pharynx
  20. Soft muscular tube lying on the dorsal surface of the trachea
  21. Body cavity in which the internal organs are located
  22. Membrane that covers the coelum
  23. Connect organ to organ
  24. Attached the internal organs to the dorsal body wall
  25. What is stored in the spleen?
    Excess fat
  26. Longitudinal ridges lining the stomach
  27. Three sections of the small intestine
    Duodenum, ileum, and jejunum
  28. What does the pancreas secrete into the blood stream? (2)
    • Insulin
    • Glucagon
  29. Membranous curtain of tissue that hangs from the stomach and contains lymph nodes, blood vessels, and fat
    Greater omentum
  30. What are the accessory organs of the digestive tract? (5)
    Tongue, salivary glands, pancreas, liver, gallbladder
  31. Why are the villi important to the function of the small intestine? (2)
    • Increase surface area
    • Transport substances into the blood stream
  32. What are three salivary glands?
    • Parotid
    • Mandibular gland
    • Sublingual glands
  33. What is the function of saliva?
    Breaks down carbohydrates and lubricates passage of food in esophagus
  34. What are the three openings in the pharynx?
    • Nasopharynx
    • Oropharynx
    • Laryngopharynx
  35. How can you distinguish the trachea from the esophagus? (2)
    • Trachea extends from larynx
    • Esophagus connects throat with stomach
  36. What is the function of the rugae in the stomach?
    Allows expansion of stomach
  37. What are the two sphincters of the stomach? What are their functions?
    • Cardiac sphincter: prevent acid from moving up to esophagus
    • Pyloric sphincter: controls flow of food to small intestine
  38. What is the function of the pancreas?
    Converts food into fuel for body's cells
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