Area where front legs attach
Area where the back legs attach
Toward the back
Toward the belly
Toward the sides
Near the middle
Toward the head
Toward the tail
Toward the tail end
Animal that walks with it's heels elevated off the ground
Animals whose heels and digits rest on the ground with each step
Summarize the purpose of the digestive tract
To break down food and extract nutrients necessary for life
How is the tongue attached? What is the role of the tongue in feeding?
Attached at rear
Move food to pharynx
Soft muscular tube lying on the dorsal surface of the trachea
Body cavity in which the internal organs are located
Membrane that covers the coelum
Connect organ to organ
Attached the internal organs to the dorsal body wall
What is stored in the spleen?
Longitudinal ridges lining the stomach
Three sections of the small intestine
Duodenum, ileum, and jejunum
What does the pancreas secrete into the blood stream? (2)
Membranous curtain of tissue that hangs from the stomach and contains lymph nodes, blood vessels, and fat
What are the accessory organs of the digestive tract? (5)
Tongue, salivary glands, pancreas, liver, gallbladder
Why are the villi important to the function of the small intestine? (2)
Increase surface area
Transport substances into the blood stream
What are three salivary glands?
What is the function of saliva?
Breaks down carbohydrates and lubricates passage of food in esophagus
What are the three openings in the pharynx?
How can you distinguish the trachea from the esophagus? (2)
Trachea extends from larynx
Esophagus connects throat with stomach
What is the function of the rugae in the stomach?
Allows expansion of stomach
What are the two sphincters of the stomach? What are their functions?
: prevent acid from moving up to esophagus
: controls flow of food to small intestine
What is the function of the pancreas?
Converts food into fuel for body's cells