1. Truth and Reconciliation Commission
    • (1)to discover, clarify and formally acknowledge past abuses
    • (2)to respond to specific needs of victims
    • (3)to contribute to justice and accountability
    • (4)to outline institutional responsibility
    • (5)to promote reconciliation and reduce conflict over the past
  2. Precariat: existential instability
    • 1) Erosion of job security
    • 2) Pressure to accept unstable labour such as informal contract work
    • 3) High level of education that exceeds the qualifications of their labour
    • 4) Work includes labour that is neither paid nor recognized
    • 5) Relies on wages without benefits
    • 6) A class defined by debt
    • 7) Weaker entitlement to their rights
  3. identity
    • (1) Identities are a process of recognizing shared characteristics
    • (2) Identities are not fixed, but is in a state of transformation.   
    • (3) Identities operate across difference.
    • (4) Identities are unstable and heterogenous
    • (5) Identities are never singular, people have multiple identities
    • (6) invokes a primordial past; a historical moment
  4. Indigenous Sovereignty: Refusal of Recognition (critiques)
    • Recognition: a universal human desire?
    • Conditional: Do politics and alterity of groups challenge the structures and institutions of settler society?
    • Native groups are not ethnic groups
    • Recognition renders sovereignty invisible
    • From ‘nation’ to ‘group’
    • Mutual recognition cannot exist between settler and colonized people
  5. refusal
    • political stance
    • generative
    • social and affiliative 
    • not just resistance
    • hopeful and willful
  6. what makes a church multicultural?
    • being less eurocentric
    • spatial accommodations 
    • unsettling whiteness
    • programs for racialized congregants
  7. settler colonialism
    • tactic to govern
    • 1) it doe snot dissolve with changes to government regimes 
    • 2)"repressive authenticity"
    • 3) assimilation as strategy for elimination 
    • 4) goal is to acquire land 
    • 5) it is a structure, not an event
  8. mainline churches are ...
    • well-behind in institutionalizing diversity policies 
    • trailing in developing cultural awareness training for laity leaders
    • lethargic in establishing structural support for integrating
  9. the united church apologies (critiques)
    • quasi-apology: we don't know what they are apologizing for 
    • there is no recognition of Indigenous ppl being sovereign 
    • very passive
  10. Requirement for Authentic Apology
    • recorded officially in writing
    • names the wrongs in question
    • accepts responsibility 
    • states regret 
    • promise of non-repetition 
    • does not demand forgiveness
    • is not hypocritical or arbitrary 
    • undertakes measures to engage morally with those, to whom the apology is being made that the apology is sincere
  11. neoliberal heritage redress (goals)
    • national cohesion
    • cultural understanding
    • political and legal stability
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