ENG3

  1. ​ B1 used at the beginning of children's stories to mean "a long time ago":

    used when referring to something that happened in the past, especially
    when showing that you feel sorry that it no longer happens:
    once upon a time

    Once upon a time there was an ugly duckling.

    ​  Once upon a time people knew the difference between right and wrong, but nowadays nobody seems to care.
  2. B2 a curved device used for catching or holding things, especially one attached to a surface for hanging things on:
    a coat/picture hook a boat hook a fish hook
  3. B2 [ C or U ] a willingness to give your time and energy to something that you believe in, or a promise or firm decision to do something:

    [ C ] something that you must do or deal with that takes your time:
    • Players must make a commitment to play for a full season.
    • her commitment to left-wing politics/the cause of feminism/the company
    • She is known chiefly for her commitment to nuclear disarmament.
    • I'd like to thank the staff for having shown such commitment.


    family/work commitments I've got too many commitments at the moment to do an evening class. Children are such a commitment.
  4. 2 having little importance, influence, or effect, especially when compared with other things of the same type:
    • a minor operation
    • It's only a minor problem.
    • There's been an increase in minor offences, such as traffic violations and petty theft.
    • She suffered only minor injuries.
  5. C1 the fact of making something seem larger, more important, better, or worse than it really is:
    Sal estimates over 60 people were there but I think that's a slight exaggeration.

    [ + to infinitive ] It would be no exaggeration to say that her work has saved lives.
  6. B1 [ I or T ] to make an arrangement or meeting certain, often by phone or writing:
    • [ + that ] Six people have confirmed that they will be attending and ten haven't replied yet.
    • Flights should be confirmed 48 hours before departure.
    • I've accepted the job over the phone, but I haven't confirmed in writing yet.
  7. B2 to involve yourself in a situation when your involvement is not wanted or is not helpful:
    It's their problem and I'm not going to interfere. I'd never interfere between (US with) a husband and wife. Interfering in other people's relationships is always a mistake.
  8. an interruption in the usual way that a system, process, or event works:
    It would cause a tremendous disruption to our work schedule to install a different computer system.

    A crackdown on illegal-immigrant hiring could create widespread workplace disruptions.
  9. C1 to prevent someone or something from entering a place or taking part in an activity:
    • Women are still excluded from the club.
    • Microbes must, as far as possible, be excluded from the room during an operation.

    Tom has been excluded from school (= he is not allowed to go to school) for bad behaviour.
  10. G 1. to experience great difficulties or be completely unable to decide what to do or say next:

    2. verb: (especially of a boat) to fill with water and sink: 
    to be unsuccessful:
    He lost the next page of his speech and floundered around/about for a few seconds. Although his business was a success, his marriage was floundering. Richardson resigned as chairman, leaving the company floundering.

    2. The ferry foundered in a heavy storm, taking many of the passengers and crew with it.

    ​ to be unsuccessful: Teaching computers to read and write has always foundered on the unpredictable human element in language.
  11. G . 1. B2 in the past:

    2. officially:
    • 1. formerly
    • The European Union was formerly called the European Community.

    2. After he formally declared his interest in the club, a number of rival takeover bids have been announced.The centre will be formally opened next year.The ceasefire has yet to be formally agreed.
Author
olgazhukova
ID
339232
Card Set
ENG3
Description
English
Updated