Test 3

  1. Obese




    B) Condition characterized by excesive body fat and a body mass index equal to or greater than 30.0
  2. Leading Drive Theorists




    C) Robert S. Woodworth & Clark L. Hull
  3. Condition characterized by excesive body fat and a body mass index equal to or greater than 30.0
    Obese
  4. Obese
    Condition characterized by excesive body fat and a body mass index equal to or greater than 30.0
  5. Attachment, Fear, Disgust, Rivalry, Greediness, Suspicion, Hunting, Play, Shame, Anger, Resentment, Love, Curiosity, Shyness, Sociability, Modesty, Bashfulness, Cleanliness, Parental Love




    C) William James's List of Human Instincts
  6. Body Mass Index (BMI)
    A numerical scale indicating adult height in relation to weight; Calculated as (703 X Weight in pounds)/(height in inches)^2
  7. Drive
    A need or internal motivational state that activates behavior to reduce the need and restore homeostasis.
  8. Sensation Seeking
    The degree to which an individual is motivated to experience high levels of sensory and physical arousal associated with varied and novel activities.
  9. Motivation
    The biological, emotional, cognitive, or social forces that activate and direct behavior.
  10. Instinct Theories
    The view that certain human behaviors are innate and due to evolutionary programming.
  11. Drive Theories 
    The view that behavior is motivated by the desire to reduce internal tension caused by unmet biological needs.
  12. Homeostasis
    The idea that the body monitors and maintains internal states, such as body temperature and energy supplies, at relatively constant levels; in general, the tendency to reach or maintain equilibrium
  13. Incentive Theories
    The view that behavior is motivated by the pull of external goals, such as rewards.
  14. Arousal Theory
    The view that people are motivated to maintain a level of arousal that is optimal—neither too high nor too low.
  15. Humanistic Theories of Motivation
    The view that emphasizes the importance of psychological and cognitive factors in motivation, especially the notion that people are motivated to realize their personal potential.
  16. Glucose
    Simple sugar that provides energy and is primarily produced by the conversion of carbohydrates and fats; commonly called blood sugar.
  17. Insulin
    Hormone produced by the pancreas that regulates blood levels of glucose and signals the hypothalamus, regulating hunger and eating behavior.
  18. Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
    When the body is at rest, the rate at which it uses energy for vital functions, such as heartbeat and respiration.
  19. Neuropeptide Y (NPY)
    Neurotransmitter found in several brain areas, most notably the hypothalamus, that stimulates eating behavior and reduces metabolism, promoting positive energy balance and weight gain.
  20. Set-point Theory
    Theory that proposes that humans and other animals have a natural or optimal body weight, called the set-point weight, that the body defends from becoming higher or lower by regulating feelings of hunger and body metabolism.
  21. The view that certain human behaviors are innate and due to evolutionary programming.




    C) Instinct Theories
Author
Manzanita
ID
338981
Card Set
Test 3
Description
Test 3
Updated