1. Merkel cells located in
  2. Anagen
    Growth phase  of hair cycle
  3. telogen
    Resting phase of hair growth; completely inactive
  4. exogen
    Loss phase of hair growth
  5. catagen stage
    Regression phase of hair growth: root sheath shrinks and hair does not grow at all
  6. stratum corneum
    Outermost layer of epidermis
  7. eccrrine glands known by what other name
    Merocrine glands known by what other name
  8. eccrine glands produce what
    Sweat; water, NaCl, vitamin C, antibodies, metabolic waste are produced/released by what glands
  9. functions of the skin (8)
    • Protection
    • excretion
    • thermoregulation
    • Sensory detection
    • Production of:
    • keratin
    • vitamin D
    • melanin
    • Lipid storage
  10. melanocytes are found where
    Lower epidermis houses what cells
  11. Merkel cells vs Meissner’s
    Merkel in epidermis, Meissneer’s corpuscles in dermis
  12. pacinian corpuscles are sensitive to what
    deep touch is recognized by what cells
  13. progression of skin cells
    Stratum basale > stratum spinosum > stratum granulosum > stratum corneum
  14. At what stage do organelles of skin cells deteriorate?
    What happens to cells in the stratum granulosum
  15. where are desmosomes found
    Stratum spinosum and stratum basale cells are held together by what
  16. what are the two layers of the dermis
    Papillary and reticular
  17. sebaceous glands produce what
    Oils to soften the skin and hair are produced by what glands
  18. purpose of the subcutaneous layer
    Insulation is best provided by what layer of the skin
  19. two pigments that produce skin color
    Melanin and carotene perform what task
  20. exocrine glands of the skin
    Sweat glands and sebaceous glands are what type of gland
  21. other word for sweat gland
    Sudoriferous means what
  22. 3 types of apocrine glands
    Sebum, cerumen, and mammary glands are what type of glands
  23. sebum is comprised of what
    Sweat, fatty substances and proteins form what
  24. sebum is produced by what kind of cell
    Apocrine sweat glands produce what
  25. sebaceous glands are located where
    What sweat glands are found in the axilla and anogenital area
  26. Other name for cuticle
    Eponychium is also known as
  27. What layer of the skin is responsible for tensile strength
    The dermis confers what benefit
  28. Acanthosis
    Increased thickness of the stratum basale and stratum spinosum
  29. Characteristics of BCC (4)
    • Telangiectasis
    • rolled edges
    • translucent
    • Ulcerated
  30. DDx Bowen vs actinic keratosis
    • Bowen: solitary, demarcated 
    • AK: multiple, irregular borders
  31. Morphology of inflammatory acne
    Papules and pustules
  32. three types of acne
    Comedonal, inflammatory, nodulocystic
  33. Warnings for topical retinoids
    • Photosensitivity
    • pregnancy
    • benzoyl peroxide should not be administered at the same time as tretinoin
  34. treat nonpurulent cellulitis
    Clindamycin P.O. or IV
  35. Outpatient treatment of purulent cellulitis
  36. Classic Kaposi sarcoma presentation
    • caucasian male - Mediterranean / Jewish
    • blue red macules on lower legs 
    • slowly progressing
    • possible pitting edema around the macules
  37. Presentation of HIV-associated Kaposi sarcoma
    Small annular purple macules on the mucosa and face. Multifocal dissemination. Papules and nodules
  38. Actinic keratosis presentation
    Irregularly shaped, flat, scaly, 3-6 mm. Can be erythematous or hyperpigmented
  39. Malar melasma
    Hyperpigmentation of the cheeks and bridge of nose. Name 2 other types.
  40. Acanthosis nigricans risk factors
    • DM
    • insulin resistance
    • PCOS
    • obesity
    • age >
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