Lecture 8

  1. Allport's thoughts on traits
    • operate based on neuropsychological mechanisms
    • have common and individual structures
    • are relatively stable across time 
    • can be accurately perceived
    • predict important outcomes
  2. Cognitive-Affective Processing System, what are the units?
    • self-regulatory plans - subjective goals and standards
    • encoding strategies - subjective interpretations of the situation
    • competencies - subjective beliefs about one's skills and abilities 
    • expectancies - subjective beliefs about behavior-outcome probabilities
    • values - subjective values for specific reinforcements
  3. what CAUs is under "what you want"
    self-regulatory plans
  4. what CAUs is under "what situation you currently see yourself in"
    encoding strategies
  5. what CAUs is under "what behaviour you believe yourself capable of performing"
    competencies
  6. what CAUs is under "what outcomes you expect follow from those behaviours"
    expectancies
  7. what CAUs is under "what values you assign to those outcomes"
    values
  8. Explanatory side of whole trait theory: social-cognitive process
    • interpretive processes
    • motivational processes
    • stability-inducing processes
  9. the descriptive side of whole trait theory
    traits as density distributions
  10. how does whole trait theory differ from CAPS?
    • the big 5 are accepted as central dimensions of personality, providing content and structure for both traits and behavior
    • differences in average trait levels exist (At least) partially independently of differences in reactivity to situations
    • patterns of situation reactivity are expected to accrete into large and psychologically interesting groups rather than remain a myriad of isolated contingencies
  11. historical challenges to studying situations
    • objective vs. subjective
    • level of conceptual analysis
  12. what does DIAMONDS model stand for?
    • D - duty
    • I - intellect
    • A - adversity
    • M - mating
    • O - pOsitivity 
    • N - negativity
    • D - deception
    • S - sociality
  13. what does the CAPTION model stand for?
    • C - complexity 
    • A - Adversity 
    • P - positive valence
    • T - typicality 
    • I - importance
    • H - humOr
    • N - negative valence
Author
AbbyKrish
ID
338788
Card Set
Lecture 8
Description
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Updated