Allport's thoughts on traits
operate based on neuropsychological mechanisms
have common and individual structures
are relatively stable across time
can be accurately perceived
predict important outcomes
Cognitive-Affective Processing System, what are the units?
self-regulatory plans - subjective goals and standards
encoding strategies - subjective interpretations of the situation
competencies - subjective beliefs about one's skills and abilities
expectancies - subjective beliefs about behavior-outcome probabilities
values - subjective values for specific reinforcements
what CAUs is under "what you want"
what CAUs is under "what situation you currently see yourself in"
what CAUs is under "what behaviour you believe yourself capable of performing"
what CAUs is under "what outcomes you expect follow from those behaviours"
what CAUs is under "what values you assign to those outcomes"
Explanatory side of whole trait theory: social-cognitive process
the descriptive side of whole trait theory
traits as density distributions
how does whole trait theory differ from CAPS?
the big 5 are accepted as central dimensions of personality, providing content and structure for both traits and behavior
differences in average trait levels exist (At least) partially independently of differences in reactivity to situations
patterns of situation reactivity are expected to
into large and psychologically interesting groups rather than remain a myriad of isolated contingencies
historical challenges to studying situations
objective vs. subjective
level of conceptual analysis
what does DIAMONDS model stand for?
D - duty
I - intellect
A - adversity
M - mating
O - pOsitivity
N - negativity
D - deception
S - sociality
what does the CAPTION model stand for?
C - complexity
A - Adversity
P - positive valence
T - typicality
I - importance
H - humOr
N - negative valence