nutrition

  1. stomach
    • stores and churns
    • pepsin and hydrochloric acid break dwn protein
  2. small intestine
    • pancrease secretes bicarbonate to neutralize stomach acid
    • liver stores vitamin and iron and secretes bile
  3. large intestine
    semisolid stool formed
  4. three supply energy
    • carb/fiber
    • protein
    • lipid/fats
  5. three regulate body process
    • vitamin
    • mineral
    • water
  6. essential nutrients
    are not synthesized by the body
  7. carbs
    • quick energy
    • plant based
    • easy to produce/store
  8. protiens
    • contain nitrogen
    • provide energy, tissue growth/repair
    • complete:animal
    • Incomplete: plant
  9. lipid
    • energy, body structure, insulation, cushion organs
    • unsaturated: liquid at room
    • saturated: solid at room
  10. cholesterol
    • only in animal tissue
    • <200
    • HDL(good)>39
    • LDL(bad): <100
  11. triglyceride
    • type of lipid
    • <150
  12. vitamins
    • metabolize CHO, fat, protein
    • cant be synthesized
    • water soluble: B, C
    • Fat soluble: A,D,E,K
  13. minerals
    • regulate fluid/ electrolyte, ph, structure
    • muscle and nerve cells
  14. sodium

    deficiency
    excess
    • - hyponatremia, muscle cramps
    • - edema, weight gain, HTN
  15. potassium

    deficiency
    excess
    • - hypokalemia, muscle cramp, irregHR
    • -hyperkalemia, anxiety, cardiac arrythmia
  16. calcium

    deficiency
    excess
    • - tetany, osteoporosis
    • - renal calcui
  17. iron

    deficiency
    excess
    • - anemia, pallor, fatigue
    • - gi, shock
  18. BMI
    weight(lbs)/height squared X 703
  19. albumin
    BUN
    hemoglobin
    iron
    Se creatinine
    • -protein
    • -low for malnutrition, high for starvation
    • -low in anemia
    • -low in anemia and protein
    • -proportional to muscle mass
Author
ChelseaL
ID
338606
Card Set
nutrition
Description
nutrition
Updated