In Therapeutic Assessment, clients are involved in what parts of an assessment?
- determining its goals
- the possible meanings of test results
- preparing written summaries
- and disseminating results to other professionals
Therapeutic assessment generally
involve the following steps:
- Initial Sessions
- Standardized Testing Sessions
- Assessment Intervention Sessions
- Discussion/Summary Sessions
- Written Feedback
- Follow-Up Sessions
Core Values of Therapeutic Assessment are:
- a. Collaboration
- b. Respect
- c. Humility
- d. Compassion
- e. Openness and Curiosity
Therapeutic Assessment Research findings to date suggest that Therapeutic Assessment provides these 3 benefits
- impacts clients more positively than traditional psychological assessment
- a promising brief intervention in itself
- effective with both adult and child clients.
3 ways that Therapeutic Assessment produces therapeutic change?
- confirming certain views they have of themselves,
- giving them new information about themselves and a greater sense of self-efficacy, and
- helping clients feel understood and accepted.
What are the Applications of MBTI
- a. Organizational
- b. Educational
- c. Clinical/relational
- d. Personal growth
For the MBTI there are four basic dimensions on which primary psychological
functions are located, yielding 16 code types in graduated strengths. What are they?
- a. Judging/Perceiving
- b. Thinking/Feeling
- c. Sensing/Intuiting
- d. Introversion/Extroversion
According to the MBTI, there are Four orienting functions that we all use on a daily basis. what are they?
sensing, intuiting, thinking, feeling
According to the MBTI, Orientation to the outer world is determined by preference for ________ or ________
- judging (order, structure)
- perceiving (valuing of immediate experience)
According to the MBTI, Those preferring Judging focus on ________ as a main focus, of which there are two kinds: _______ or ________
- decision making
- thinking (use of logic, rational analysis in decision making)
- feeling (subjective, affective response; value-orientation)
According to the MBTI, Those preferring Perceiving focus on ________ as a main focus, of which there are two kinds: _______ or intuiting (the realm of the unseen, possible
- information processing
- sensing (drawing upon sentient experience, evidence)
- intuiting (the realm of the unseen)
According to the MBTI, there are two Preferred attitudes/environments. What are they?
- extroverted (external world, social)
- introverted (solitude, time to think)
Beck Depression Inventory basic information
- 21 item measure of depression
- Takes 5-10 minutes to take
- Simple to score
- Represents two factors of depression: Somatic-Affective and Cognitive
- Very good test-retest reliability, making it a good measure for assessing outcome
- Good construct validity-correlations with other measures of depression
- Race-No difference between whites and non-whites
- Gender-Women score higher
Measure of Substance Abuse: In United States of America, the root cause for _____% of the total deaths can be attributed to drug or alcohol abuse
Measure of Substance Abuse: ______% of addicts get access from their family and friends
Measure of Substance Abuse: Drug or alcohol withdrawal can bring in ______, ______, ______ or even be proven ______
Measure of Substance Abuse: Drug abuse is the most common problem among _______ and _______ workers
Measure of Substance Abuse: ______% of domestic violence is caused by people with addictions
Measure of Substance Abuse: CAGE
Used very frequently in Emergency Rooms as a screening tool; two positive responses is a positive screen
Measure of Substance Abuse: T-ACE
Used by OB-GYN physicians to assess alcohol use of pregnant women
Measure of Substance Abuse: MAST
Michigan Alcohol Screening Test- most popular screening measures; 22 items, correlates with CAGE and AUDIT
Measure of Substance Abuse: AUDIT
- Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-10 items; works well with women, minority populations, youth and young adults. Does not work well with seniors. Developed by the WHO.
- Its strength lies in its ability to identify people who have problems with alcohol but who may not be dependent.
Ethical and Legal Issues: Difference between laws and ethics
Laws relate to a body of rules, whereas ethics are a body of principles that address proper conduct.
Ethical and Legal Issues: Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing
serves as a technical guide for testing practices and concerns the appropriate uses of tests with a focus on standards for test construction, evaluation, documentation, fairness in testing, and testing applications.
Ethical and Legal Issues: Responsible Test Use - Case Studies for Assessing Human Behavior
78 cases illustrating both proper and improper test usages (e.g., testing special populations, individuals with disabilities, test translations, and reasonable accommodation)
Ethical and Legal Issues: Who Is Responsible for Appropriate Use?
Counselors are responsible for monitoring their own practice, but as a professional, they are also responsible for monitoring their profession. If a counselor becomes aware of another practitioner who is misusing an assessment, the counselor is bound:
- First, to discuss the misuse with the other practitioner
- If the situation is not remedied at that point, the counselor should then pursue appropriate actions with appropriate professional organization
Ethical and Legal Issues: The Right to Results
- Not only do clients have the right to have the assessment process explained to them, they also have the right to an explanation of the results. (ACA Code of Ethics).
- Furthermore, the interpretation of the results must be in terms that they can understand
Ethical and Legal Issues: Legal Issues in Assessment-There are a number of laws that have an impact on assessment
practices. Name them
- i. Civil Rights Act of 1991 (ban on separate norms in employment tests)
- ii. Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (individuals with disabilities must have tests administered to them with reasonable and appropriate accommodations)
- iii. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 2004 (If a child has a disability, public agency must develop an Individualized Education Plan (IEP) which requires extensive assessment to develop
- iv. Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974-The law provides parents access to their children’s educational records as well as students who are over 18 access to their records. No student shall be required, without parental permission, to submit to psychological examination testing that may reveal information concerning mental and psychological problems
- v. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA)-It establishing standards for privacy of Patient Health Information (PHI).
The original MMPI use the _______ ________ approach in construction of the MMPI scales
The reading level of the MMPI is _______ while the reading level for the MCMI is ________
MMPI Clinical Scales: may have somatic delusions of t > 80
MMPI Clinical Scales: perfectionistic, apprehensive, worrying, difficulty concentrating
MMPI Clinical Scales: flight of ideas, delusions of grandeur, emotional lability
MMPI Clinical Scales: confused, disorganized, disoriented
The median score of the MCMI is ______ with a score of _____ showing clinically significant personality traits and a score of _______ indicates the clear presence of a personality disorder
240 item inventory based on the Big Five
185 item multiple choice inventory based on the research of Raymond Cattell
434 item test referred to as the sane persons MMPI
344 item inventory with 22 non-overlapping scales that uses T-scores
Purportedly two million assessments are administered each year on this instrument
Global measure of psychological distress that uses a 5-point likert scale
21 item measure if depression that uses two factors
Measure most frequently used in emergency rooms to screen for alcohol abuse
10-item screening tool fir substance abuse developed by the WHO
Measure based on the theoretical constructs of Carl Jung
40 incomplete sentence items used as a projective screening tool