quiz 3 medications

  1. FERROUS SULFATE
    • give: anemia deficiency
    • a/p: pallor, low energy levels, constipation
    • teach: dilute c water or juice, increase fluid and fiber, take on empty stomach
    • tr: prevention or treatment of iron deficiency anemias
  2. CYANOCOBALAMIN
    • give: B12 deficiency
    • a/p: pallor, dyspnea, palpitations, fatigue
    • teach: check b12 levels, take orally or monthly injection
    • tr: treatment of vit B12 deficiency, correction of megaloblastic anemia
  3. FOLIC ACID
    • give: reduces risk of neural tube defects in fetus
    • a/p: fatigue, pallor, palpitations, dyspnea
    • teach: increase folate-rich foods, limit alcohol, serum folate levels test, mask symptoms of b12 deficiency
    • tr: 0 megaloblasts, reticulocyte increase, hct increase
  4. EPOETIN ALFA
    • give: anemia caused by chemo, increase RBCs
    • a/p: HTN, increase CV, hgb levels
    • teach: hgb, monitor CV, BP
    • tr: increase hgb
  5. FILGASTRIM
    • give: increase WBCs
    • a/p: bone pain, leukocytosis
    • teach: monitor WBCs levels
    • tr: absence of infection
  6. CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE
    • give: treatment of cancer
    • a/p: check liver enzymes, LFTs, AST, ALT
    • teach: take c food, maintain hydration
    • tr: reduced cancer growth
  7. CISPLATIN
    • give: to treat cancer
    • a/p: peripheral neuropathy, kidney damage, ototoxicity, CBC (wbc, rbc, platelets)
    • teach: nausea, vomiting
    • tr: cancer free
  8. METHOTREXATE
    • give: treat cancer
    • a/p: renal impairment, oral and GI ulcerations, CBC
    • teach: hydration, report bloody stool
    • tr: decrease cancer growth
  9. DOXORUBICIN
    • give: treats cancer
    • a/p: cardiotoxicity, BP, HR, CBCs
    • teach: monitor BP, HR, red urine and sweat
    • tr: tumor is shrinking
  10. VINCRISTINE
    • give: treats cancer
    • a/p: check neuro, WBC <4k, platelets<75k
    • teach: s/s of neuropathy
    • tr: decrease spread of cancer
  11. TAMOXIFEN
    • give: breast cancer 
    • a/p: hot flashes, fluid retention, monitor dvt, nausea
    • teach: get mammogram, dvt possible
  12. INTERFEON ALFA-2B
    • give: chronic hepatitis, HIV, cancer
    • a/p: flu-like symptoms (fever, fatigue, myalgia, headache, chills, depression) depression
    • teach: give analgesic, notify provider c s/s of depression or flu
    • tr: boost immune and stop cancer cell progression
  13. CYCLOSPORINE
    • give: immunosuppressant for transplants
    • a/p: nephrotoxicity, infections (hepatotoxicity, lymphomas, HTN, tremor, hirsutism, anaphylactic reactions)
    • teach: transplant not rejected
  14. PREDNISONE
    • give: suppress immune response (allograft rejection, asthma, RA, systemic lupus erythematosus, MS
    • a/p: kidney damage, liver damage, increase BS
    • teach: monitor BUN & Creatine levels, take until gone, takes awhile to work
  15. DEXAMETHASONE
    • give: replacement therapy, treating nonendocrine disorders, diagnosing cushing's sundrome
    • a/p: kidney damage, liver damage, increase BS
    • teach: monitor BUN & Creatine levels
  16. ALLOPURINOL
    • give: chronic gout
    • a/p: check urine alkalinity
    • teach: fluid intake of 2L/day, use NSAIDS in acute attack or flare up
    • tr: improved joint function, reduced blood uric acid levels
  17. PROBENECID
    • give: to inhibit reabsorption of uric acid, anti-gout
    • a/p: check urine alkalinity, renal impairment
    • teach: no aspirin, GI effects/take c food, increase fluid intake
    • tr: decrease plasma uric acid, decrease calcium oxalate stones, increase uric acid excreted
  18. VITAMIN D
    • give: to regulate calcium's and phosphorus' homeostasis
    • a/p: increase blood levels, decrease renal excretion, monitor serum calcium concentrations
    • teach: serum calcium draw, blood draw levels
  19. RALOXIFENE
    • give: osteoporosis
    • a/p: DVT, pulmonary embolism
    • teach: monitor circulatory system, lung sounds, respiratory system
  20. ALENDRONATE
    • give: osteoporosis, paget's disease
    • a/p: esophagitis, atypical femoral fx
    • teach: take c sufficient amt of liquids, make sure med has been fully swallowed, seek medical attention if pt has difficulty swallowing, pain upon swallowing, or worsening heartburn
  21. ONDANSETRON
    • give: nausea and vomiting
    • a/p: monitor heart
    • teach: dizziness, diarrhea, may cause rash
    • tr: no nausea or vomiting
Author
necole418
ID
338437
Card Set
quiz 3 medications
Description
pharm test 3
Updated