intro linguistics neurolinguistics

  1. Broca´s area
    • named after the French neurolinguist Paul Broca
    • 1861: report on a patient called "Tan"
    • great difficulties with producing speech
    • comprehension relatively spared
    • brain damage in the left frontal lobe
    • speech production is controlled mainly by anterior portions (Broca´s area)
  2. Wernicke´s area
    • named after the German neuolinguist Carl Wernicke
    • 1874: report on two patients suffering from a different disorder
    • great difficulties with understanding speech
    • production of relatively fluent speech
    • brain damage in the left temporal lobe
    • speech comprehension is controlled mainly by posterior portions (Wernicke´s area)
  3. Broca´s aphasia
    • damage to Broca´s area
    • having severe difficulties with speech production
    • speech is slow, deliberate, effortful
    • function words and grammatical endings are often missing
    • agrammatical or non-fluent aphasia
  4. Wernicke´s aphasia
    • damage to Wernicke´s area
    • having severe difficulties with speech comprehension
    • speech is fluent, speed and intonation appear normal
    • frequent use of very detailed descriptions (circumlocutions) and newly created words (neologisms)
    • fluent aphasia
  5. the cookie theft task
    used in language assessment and the diagnostics of neurological language disorders esp. of aphasia
Card Set
intro linguistics neurolinguistics
linguistic, neurolinguistics, language in the brain