rest and sleep

  1. RAS
    • -facilitates reflex and voluntary mvmt
    • -controls cortical activities r/t state of awareness
  2. hypothalamus
    • -controls sleep/wake
    • -suprachaiasmastic nucleous nerve cells control rythym of sleep wake cycle and coord w/ circaidain ryhtm
  3. neurotransmitters
    • -catecholamines such as NE(RAS)
    • -hypocretins(orexins): promote wakefulness and REM(hypothalamus)
    • -prostaglandin d2 and tryptophan control sleep
  4. process s
    regulates length and depth of sleep
  5. process c
    • circaidian
    • biological time clock
  6. circaidian rythyms
    • -scn in hypothalamus
    • -influence pattern of biological and behavioral function
    • -24 hr cycle
    • -body temp, bp, hr, sensory acuity, mood
  7. stages of sleep
    NREM and REM
  8. NREM
    • -4 stages
    • -90 min cycle
    • -1 &2- easily aroused
    • - 3&4- depper, slow wave
  9. REM
    phase at the end of cycle
  10. sleep cycle
    • pre sleep
    • after slepp
    • cyclical pattern
  11. pre sleep
    • - 10-30 min
    • gradual sleepiness
  12. after sleep
    • 4 or 5 sleep cycles
    • each with 4 stages and REM
    • each cycle is 90-100 min
  13. cyclical pattern
    • 1-4 NREM
    • reversal 4, 3, 2
    • ends with REM
    • REM occurs 90 min in
  14. NREM
    body tissue restoration
  15. REM
    • brain tissue, cognitive, and memory restoration
    • epinephrine released
  16. dyssomnias
    • insomnia or excessive sleepiness
    • insomnia
    • hypersomnia
    • narcolespsy
    • sleep apnea
    • restless leg syndrome
    • sleep deprivation
  17. insomnia
    no sleep
  18. hypersomnia
    sleep to often, daytime sleepy, circaidian rythm
  19. narcolepsy
    • "hypersomnia"
    • uncontrolled falling asleep
  20. sleep apnea
    • "hypersomnia"
    • pause in breathing while asleep, 10 sec or longer, obstructive, obese and hypertension
  21. restless leg syndrom
    before sleep onset, cns disorder
  22. sleep deprivation
    illness, stress, meds, environment, work
  23. treatment for sleep probs
    • -first step should be therapy and sleep hygiene
    • -sedatives and hypnotics
    • -stimuli control
    • -sleep restriction
    • relax
    • -DOES NOT INTEND TO HELP WITH REM SLEEP
  24. parasomnias
    • more common in children
    • walking behavior during sleep
    • somnambulism
    • bruxism
    • enurisis
  25. somnabulism
    sleep walk or sleep talk
  26. bruxism
    teeth grind
  27. enurisis
    bet wet, eating disorder
Author
ChelseaL
ID
338307
Card Set
rest and sleep
Description
rest and sleep
Updated