Test 1

  1. Study of physical relationships with other body parts, study of structure
  2. Study of function
  3. Study of examining large structures
    Gross anatomy
  4. Study of the general form of the body’s surface in relation to the deeper parts
    Surface anatomy
  5. Anatomical organization of specific areas of the body ie: head, neck, trunk
    Regional anatomy
  6. Study of the structure of organ systems by examining cross sections of the body
    Sectional anatomy
  7. Study of the structure of organ systems ie: skeletal, muscular, etc
    Systemic anatomy
  8. Includes pathological anatomy, radiographic anatomy, surgical anatomy
    Clinical anatomy
  9. Study of the changes in form that take place between conception and adulthood
    Developmental anatomy
  10. Study of the changes that occur during the first two months of human development and the developmental processes that occur at that time
  11. Study of structures that we cannot see without magnification
    Microscopic anatomy
  12. Study of the internal structure of individual cells
  13. Study of tissues
  14. Study of functions of the human body
    Human physiology
  15. Study of the functions of cells
    Cell physiology
  16. Study of the function of specific organs
    Organ physiology
  17. Study of all aspects of the functioning of specific organ systems
    Systemic physiology
  18. Study of the effects of diseases on organ or system functions
    Pathological physiology
  19. An objective disease indication like a fever
  20. Subjective disease indication
  21. Atom➡️molecules➡️cells➡️tissue➡️organs➡️organ system➡️organism
    Levels of organization
  22. Anatomical structures, clinical conditions, or diseases that are named after the discoveries or the most famous victims
  23. FCAT and IFAA’s joint publication that established the official world-wide standard for human anatomical terminology
    Terminologia Anatomica
  24. The standard anatomical reference for the human form
    Anatomical position
  25. Lying face up on one’s back
    Supine, supination
  26. Lying on one’s stomach, face down
  27. Name the four abdominopelvic quadrants
  28. Name the six right and left abdominopelvic regions
    Right and left Hypochondriac, lumbar, inguinal
  29. Name the three center abdominopelvic regions
    Epigastric, umbilical, hypogastric
  30. Sideways mugshot view
    Lateral view
  31. View facing forward seen in anatomical position
    Anterior view
  32. View of dorsal side
    Posterior view
  33. All other cells in the body
    Somatic cells
  34. Part of the plasma membrane structure, contain hydrophobic portions embedded in the membrane layer
    Integral proteins/ transmembrane proteins
  35. Bound to inner or outer surface of membrane, easily separated from it
    Peripheral proteins
  36. Attach the plasma membrane to other structures and stabilize its position
    Anchoring proteins
  37. Immune system cells recognize other cells as normal or abnormal based on these. Many are glycoproteins
    Recognition proteins
  38. Specific extracellular ions that bind to appropriate receptors to cause changes in the cell
  39. Live in the plasma membrane and receive ligands
    Receptor proteins
  40. Bind solutes and transport them across the plasma membrane
    Carrier proteins
  41. Central pore that forms a passageway that goes completely through the plasma membrane
  42. Channels thAt can open or close to tegulatethr passage of substances
    Gated channels
  43. Lubricates and protects the plasma membrane, sticky and can help anchor,
  44. 3% of the weight of the plasma membrane
  45. 55% of the weight of the plasma membrane
  46. 42% of the weight of the plasma membrane
  47. Intracellular fluid, colloid, contains more proteins than ECF
  48. Internal structures of cells that perform most of the tasks that keep the cell alive
  49. Masses of insoluble materials
  50. To listen for sounds within the body
  51. Unstable nucleus, can be used in medical treatment, can break down spontaneously (half life)
  52. When an ion loses an electron it becomes
  53. When an ion gains an electron it becomes
  54. Three types of chemical bonds
    Ionic, covalent, hydrogen
  55. Electron donor
    Cation (positive)
  56. Electron acceptor
    Anion (negative)
  57. Involves sharing of electrons between atoms
    Covalent bond
  58. Involve the unequal sharing of electrons
    Polar covalent bonds
  59. Involve equal sharing of electrons
    Nonpolar covalent bonds
  60. Weak bonds- easily broken- between adjacent molecules (not atoms)
    Hydrogen bonds
  61. Energy of motion
    Kinetic energy
  62. Potential energy stored in chemical bonds
    Chemical energy
  63. Breaks chemical bonds. Hydrolysis. Catabolism
    Decomposition reaction
  64. Forms chemical bonds, dehydration synthesis, anabolism
    Synthesis reaction
  65. Involves decomposition first then synthesis
    Exchange reaction
  66. Reaction that seeks equilibrium (homeostasis)
    Reversible reaction
  67. Lower the activation energy of a reaction
  68. Energy released, entropy increases
    Exergonic reaction
  69. Energy required, not spontaneous, entropy decreases
    Endogonic reaction
  70. Molecules based on carbon and hydrogen
    Organic compound
  71. Molecules NOT based on carbon and oxygen
    Inorganic compound
  72. pH of blood
  73. Act as bases
    Amino groups
  74. Act as bases
    Carboxyl groups
  75. Monosaccharides
    Glucose, fructose, galactose
  76. Disaccharide
  77. Long chains of carbon and hydrogen with a carboxyl group
    Fatty acids
  78. Saturated with hydrogen, (single covalent bonds)
    Saturated fatty acids
  79. Carboxyl group
  80. EFAs from fish, veg
    Unsaturated (one or more double bonds)
Card Set
Test 1
A & P Test 1