The ________ tells us how long it takes real GDP per capita, or any other variable that grows gradually over time, to double.
Rule of 70
often referred to simply as productivity, is output per worker.
Consists of human-made resources such as buildings and machines.
The improvement in labor created by the education and knowledge embodied in the workforce.
The technical means for the production of goods and services.
The Sources Of Long-run Growth:
Increase in Physical Capital
Increase in Human Capital
Why Growth Rates Differ?
Savings and investment spending
Research and development
The protection of property rights
The Role Of Government In Promoting Economic Growth:
Protection of Property Rights
Political Stability and Good Governance
Measured as changes in real GDP per capita in order to eliminate the effects of changes in the price level and changes in population size.
(T/F) Levels of real GDP per capita vary greatly around the world: more than half of the world’s population lives in countries that are still poorer than the United States was in 1907.
Over the course of the twentieth century, real GDP per capita in the United States increased _____.
The key to long-run economic growth is rising, ________, which is output per worker.
Increases in productivity arise from increases in ___________ per worker and human capital per worker, as well as advances in technology. The aggregate production function shows how real GDP per worker depends on these three factors.
__________, which estimates the contribution of each factor to a country’s economic growth, has shown that rising total factor productivity is key to long-run growth. It is usually interpreted as the effect of technological progress.
A prime factor is differences in savings and investment rates. Technological progress is largely a result of __________.
research and development
Fits the data only when factors that affect growth, such as education, infrastructure, and favorable policies and institutions, are held equal across countries.