Mental Health Quiz #1

  1. What is the ratio of how many people will have a mental disorder at some point in their lives?
    1 in 3 people
  2. This part of the ego is impulsive and like a newborn baby "all about me"
    Id
  3. This part of the ego tries to control the Id
    Ego
  4. This part of the ego tries to mediate between the other two
    superego
  5. The successful adaptation to stressors from the internal or external environment, evidenced by thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that are age-appropriate and congruent with local and cultural norms
    Definition of mental health
  6. Maladaptive responses to stressors from the internal or external environment, evidenced by thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that are incongruent with the local and cultural norms and interfere with the individual’s social, occupational, or physical functioning.
    Definition of Mental Illness
  7. The inability of the general population to understand the motivation behind the behavior. Example: on the news, when someone does something wrong and we don't understand why...
    incomprehesibility
  8. The “normality” of behavior is determined by the culture. One culture practices something that is not normal in another culture
    Cultural relativity
  9. Name the three stages of stress
    • 1. alarm
    • 2. resistence
    • 3. exhaustion
  10. This is one of the three stages of stress when a person is faced with a stressor
    Alarm
  11. This is one of the three stages of stress when a person's body gets prepared to fight or flight (physiological response)
    Resistence
  12. This is one of the three stages of stress when a person experiences continuous stress (PTSD, HTN, HR elevated)
    Exhaustion
  13. Why are prolonged periods of stress dangerous?
    • Promote susceptibility to many diseases:
    • Pituitary Gland dysfunctions:

    • Increased gluconeogenesis and retention of sodium and water (ACTH)
    • Decreased immune and inflammatory responses (ACTH)
    • Fluid retention (vasopressin)
    • Increased blood pressure (vasopressin)
    • Increased serum glucose and free fatty acids (growth hormone)
    • Increased the basal metabolic rate (thyrotropic hormone)
    • Decreased libido and impotence (gonadotropins)
  14. What determines our adaptation?
    the degree to which these thoughts, feelings, and behaviors interfere with an individual’s level of functioning.
  15. A diffuse apprehension that is vague in nature and is associated with feelings of uncertainty and helplessness
    Anxiety
  16. An Ego Defense Mechanism when a person may be too small to play one sport so they play another one:
    compensation
  17. An Ego Defense Mechanism when a person refuses to admit that there is a problem (such as addiction).
    denial
  18. An Ego Defense Mechanism when a person takes out their feelings on someone else
    displacement
  19. An Ego Defense Mechanism when a person models after someone else - has a mentor
    identification
  20. An Ego Defense Mechanism when a person can't discuss things emotionally, but can discuss intellectually.
    Intellectualization
  21. An Ego Defense Mechanism when a person integrates others values into their own beliefs
    introjection
  22. An Ego Defense Mechanism when a person takes themself out of situations and is alone
    isolation
  23. An Ego Defense Mechanism when a person blames someone for their own feelings (blaming husband for looking at other women, when she is in love with Tommy Lee Jones)
    projection
  24. An Ego Defense Mechanism when a person makes excuses for their behavior (addicts)
    rationalization
  25. An Ego Defense Mechanism when a person reacts the exact opposite of how they are feeling
    reaction formation
  26. An Ego Defense Mechanism when a person goes back into child-like behavior
    regression
  27. An Ego Defense Mechanism when a person involuntarily blocks something out
    repression
  28. An Ego Defense Mechanism when a person turns anger into good (like working out when angry)
    sublimation
  29. An Ego Defense Mechanism when a person voluntarily "forgets" to do something (Scarlet O'Hara)
    suppression
  30. An Ego Defense Mechanism when a person cancels out an inappropriate behavior (sometimes a way of apologizing - man bringing flowers)
    undoing
  31. Lost touch with reality
    Psychosis
  32. What do psychotropic drugs treat?
    Behaviors only
  33. How many half-lives does it take to get rid of psychotropic drugs?
    5-7 half-lives
  34. After using psychotropic drugs symptoms can come back and symptoms may be worse, this is referred to as
    Rebound effect
  35. What is another name for antipsychotic drugs?
    neuroleptics
  36. What is the B52 Cocktail for psychosis?
    • Benadryl
    • halidol 5 mg
    • ativan 2 mg
  37. What is the mechanism of action for antipsychotic drugs?
    Blocks dopamine receptors at post-synaptic sites
  38. What problems with the heart is contraindicated for antipsychotic drugs?
    Prolonged QT
  39. Why are antipsychotics contraindicated in elderly patients?
    increases mortality rate in pt's with dementia
  40. Name the Typicals
    • thorazine
    • haldol
  41. What are the adverse effects of Typicals (1st Gen)?
    many extrapyramidal side effects because of blocking D2
  42. Name A-Typical (2nd Gen) antipsychotics
    • Serroquel (quetiapine)
    • risperidone
  43. Name a 3rd generation antipsychotic medication
    aripiprazole (Abilify)
  44. What is the mechanism of action of Typicals (1st gen)?
    potent antagonists (blockers) of D2, D3, and D4
  45. What is the mechanism of action of A-Typicals (2nd Gen)?
    • Inhibit reuptake of serotonin
    • Weak blockers of D2
  46. What is the mechanism of action of 3rd Gen?
    • Dopamine stabilizer
    • Self regulates dopamine
  47. What are the adverse effects of A-Typicals (2nd Gen)?
    • Weight gain
    • Lower incidence of EPS
    • Cost concern
  48. What are the common adverse effects of 3rd Gen?
    • HA
    • anxiety
    • nausea
    • Cost concerns
  49. What are extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS)?
    • Pseudoparkinsonism
    • acute dystonia
    • akathisia (intense need to move)
  50. How do we treat EPS?
    • change antipsychotic
    • add
    •         anticholinergic
    •         beta blocker
    •         lorazepam
  51. What are symptoms of acute dystonia?
    • Acute muscular rigidity
    • Difficulty swallowing due to stiff tongue
    • Laryngospasms and respiratory difficulties
    • Torticollis (twisted head and neck)
    • Oculogyric crisis (eyes rolled back in locked position)
    • Opisthotonus (tightening of entire body with head rolled back)
    • Can be painful and frighteningLikely to occur in clients taking high potency drugs such as Haldol
  52. How do we treat Acute Dystonia?
    anticholinergic - IM or IV
  53. What is neuroleptic malignant syndrome?
    • Potentially fatal idiosyncratic reaction
    • Rigidity, high fever, unstable blood pressure, diaphoresis, delirium, coma
    • Confused, often mute, may fluctuate from agitation to stupor
  54. How do we treat Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS)?
    • d/c med
    • treat dehydration
    • treat hyperthermia
    • give muscle relaxers
    • may need to go to ICU
  55. What is Tardive Dyskinesia (TD)?
    • Syndrome of permanent involuntary movements
    • Most commonly caused by long-term use of typicals
    • Pathophysiology is unclear
    • Late EPS
    • No effective treatment
  56. How do we treat Tardive Dyskinesia (TD)?
    • Prevention - watch patient VERY carefully
    • TD cannot be reversed
    • Do the AIMS scale
    • Call MD immediately if you notice symptoms
  57. What are anticholinergic side effects?
    • Orthostatic hypotension
    • Dry mouth
    • Constipation
    • Urinary hesitancy or retention
    • Blurred vision
    • Dry eyes
    • Photophobia
    • Nasal congestion
    • Decreased memory
  58. When patients have anticholinergic side effects what do we do?
    • Encourage the patient that they may pass within 3-4 weeks.
    • If don't clear up then MD may need to change meds
  59. Tons of side effects with all antipsychotics - include?
    • Neuroendocrine effects
    • Increase blood prolactin levels
    • Gynecomastia, breast tenderness in men and women
    • Diminished libido
    • Erectile or orgasmic dysfunction
    • Menstrual irregularities, increased risk for breast cancer
    • Weight gain, monitor closely - client may gain 100 lbs.
    • Sedation
    • Take medication at bedtime
    • Seizures
    • Anti-seizure medication
    • Liver function
    • metabolic syndrome
  60. What is the major concern with clozapine (A-Typical)?
    agranulocytosis
  61. When a person is taking clozapine (A-Typical) what must they do that is inconvenient with this med?
    • Weekly blood draws for first 6 months is WBC above 3,500 mm
    • When med is d/c'd must have WBC Q4W x4W
  62. What are client teaching to manage side effects?
    • Drinking sugar-free beverages
    • Using sugar-free hard candy to ease dry mouth
    • Avoid caloric-laden beverages and candy because they promote dental caries, contribute to weight gain, and do not relieve dry mouth
    • To relieve constipation – promote exercise, increase water, high fiber foods
    • Use sunscreen due to photosentivity
    • Avoid driving if feeling drowsy
  63. What education does the nurse provide when pt is taking antipsychotics?
    • Side effects
    • Report to healthcare provider rather than stopping medication
    • Methods to manage side effects
  64. What are the instructions if a patient misses a dose of their antipsychotic?
    • Take the missed dose if it is only 3 or 4 hours late
    • If the dose is more than 4 hours overdue or the next dose is due, the client can omit the forgotten dose.
Author
cbennett
ID
338026
Card Set
Mental Health Quiz #1
Description
Mental Health Quiz #1
Updated