DHE120 Chapter3 Textbook questions

  1. The immune system usually defends the body against foreign substances that are called?
    Antigens
  2. Memory is an important function of the immune system because it?
    Allows faster future immune responses
  3. Immunization with a vaccine works by?
    producing active acquired immunity
  4. B-cell lymphocyte is produced from?
    It is derived from hematopoietic stem cell
  5. A macrophage is a cell of the immune system that?
    can be activated by lymphokines
  6. Natural killer cells are part of the body's ____ immunity.
    innate
  7. In which type of immunopathology are the cells of the body NO longer tolerated and treated by the immune system as antigens?






    A) Autoimmune disease
    B) immunodeficiency
    C) Hyperplasia
    D) Hypersensitivity
    B) Autoimmune disease
  8. During anaphylactic type of hypersensitivity reaction, the plasma cells produce antibody called?
    IgE
  9. Which type of hypersensitivity reaction involves activated complement?
    cytotoxic
  10. what type of lymphocyte matures in the thymus, produces lymphokines and can increase or suppress humoral immunity?
    T-cell lymphocyte
  11. In the immune system, antibodies are proteins that are also called
    immunoglobulins
  12. which of the following types of immunologic disease involve a decreased number or activity of lymphoid cells?
    immunodeficiency
  13. humoral immunity involves the production of
    antibodies
  14. the diagnostic laboratory measurement of a specific antibody level in the blood is called
    titer
  15. which type of immunity may be provided immediately to dental personnel after needlestick accidents?
    acquired passive immunity
  16. which of the following situations would result in the least risk of drug allergy?




    A) use with children
  17. is involved in regulation of both humoral and cell-mediated immunity?
    cell-mediated immunity
  18. involved in the communication between lymphocytes within the immune system?
    cytokines
  19. which type of hypersensitivity reaction is referred to as delayed hypersensitivity
    type IV
  20. Dendritic cell is a specialized type inroad mucosa called a ?
    Langerhans cell
  21. What marker does the T-cytotoxic cell carry?
    CD8
  22. which of the general types of immunoglobulin is a major antibody found in blood serum and serves as the first passive immunity for the newborn?
    IgG
  23. most common cause of serum sickness?
    penicillin
  24. Which type of IgA present in both tears and saliva?
    secretory
  25. What type of hypersensitivity reaction involved in a fixed drug eruption when it occurs in the oral cavity?
    • type III
    • immune complex type
  26. What is important for safety when using a live vaccine?
    attenuated
  27. cytokines?
    include lymphokines and monokines
  28. cells known to function as an antigen-presenting cell within the immune system?
    • B-cell lymphocyte
    • Macrophages
    • Dendritic cells
    • NOT T-cell lymphocytes
  29. Interferon falls under the category of?
    cytokines
  30. Many small molecules can function as happens, which can be immunogenic in combination with larger molecules that function as
    carriers
  31. Examples of hypersensitivity reactions?
    • urticaria
    • angioedema
    • contact dermatitis and mucositis
    • NOT major aphthous ulcers
  32. reactive arthritis is known for being?
    an immunologic disorder
  33. a target lesion on the skin is associated with which disease?
    erythema multiforme
  34. Tzanck cells are seen in which condition?
    pemphigus vulgaris
  35. the oral lesions in Reiter syndrome may resemble?
    • Erythema migrans
    • geographic tongue
  36. aphthous ulcers are seen in ?
    • Behcet syndrome
    • ulcerative colitis
    • cyclic neutropenia
    • NOT Langerhans cell histiocytosis
  37. The two cell types that microscopically characterize Langerhans cell histiocytosis are?
    Eosinophils and Mononuclear cells
  38. Name of the solitary bone lesion of Langerhans cell histiocytosis that may occur in the mandible?
    Eosinophilic granuloma
  39. Traditionally categories of Langerhans cell histiocytosis?
    • Hand-Schuller -Christian disease
    • Letterer-Siwe disease
    • Eosinophilic granuloma
    • NOT chronic disseminated reticulosis
  40. the most distinct and definitive characteristic that distinguishes pemphigus from pemphigoid?
    The histopathologic findings
  41. The most characteristic oral manifestation of Sjögren syndrome is:
    Xerostomia
  42. desquamative gingivitis may be present in?
    • cicatricial pemphigoid
    • pemphigus vulgaris
    • lichen planus
    • NOT Aggressive periodontal disease
  43. Which orofacial structures could create a life-threatening situation for the patient from angioedema involvement?
    epiglottis
  44. a pathologic condition producing a characteristic butterfly-shaped lesion on the face and oral ulcers, occurs more frequently in females than males, and for which the result of a blood test is important in its diagnosis?
    lupus erythematosus
  45. parts of body involved in Raynaud phenomenon?
    fingers and toes
  46. can be used in the management of herpetiform ulcerations?
    topical tetracycline
  47. most common location for Wickham striae in the intraoral region?
    buccal mucosa
  48. Pemphigus vulgaris?
    condition is very serious and can be life threatening if untreated
  49. Sawtooth-shaped epithelial rete ridges, degeneration of the basal cells of the epithelium, and a sandlike infiltrate of lymphocytes in the connective tissue subjacent to the epithelium are classic histopathologic features of?
    Lichen planus
  50. Acantholysis and Tzanck cells are associated  with which condition?
    Pemphigus vulgaris
  51. Which of the conditions is very serious and can be life threatening if untreated?
    Pemphigus vulgaris
Author
dentalhygiene
ID
338010
Card Set
DHE120 Chapter3 Textbook questions
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DHE120 Chapter3 Textbook questions
Updated