Paramedic Program Entrance Exam

  1. A medical legal term relating to certain personnel who either by statue or by function have a responsibility to provide care.
    Duty to Act
  2. Failure to provide the same care that a person with similar training would provide.
  3. Allows the EMT to contact a physician from the field via radio or other means to obtain instructions on further care of a patient.
    Medical Direction
  4. When the EMT does not act within an expected and reasonable standard of care.
    Breech of Duty
  5. Unilateral termination of care by the EMT without the patients consent and without making provisions for transferring care to another medical professional with skills at the same level or higher.
  6. Being there for the patient and family
  7. A system of internal and external reviews of all aspects of the EMS system
    Quality Assurance/Quality Improvement
  8. Refusal to accept diagnosis or care, unrealistic demands for miracles, or persistent failure to understand why there is no improvement.
  9. The contraction, or period of contraction of the heart, especially that of the ventricles
  10. The relaxation, or period of relaxation of the heart, especially the ventricles
  11. The circulation of oxygenated blood within an organ or tissue in adequate amounts to meet the cells current needs
  12. Decreased blood flow through an organ.
  13. A bluish-gray skin color that is caused by reduced levels of oxygen in the blood.
  14. A yellow skin or sclera color that is caused by liver disease or dysfunction.
  15. A combination of two movements to open the airway by tilting the forehead back and lifting the chin, not used for trauma patients.
    Head tilt-chin lift
  16. A pattern of breathing seen in complete (or almost) complete) airway obstruction. As the patient attempts to breathe, the diaphragm descends, causing the abdomen to lift and the chest to sink. The reverse happens as the diaphragm relaxes
    Seesaw breathing
  17. An imprecise method of oxygen delivery in which an oxygen source (such as a tube connected to a pressurized gas canister) discharges oxygen in front of the nostrils or mouth of the patient.
    Blow by oxygen
  18. constriction of the airways in the lungs due to the tightening of surrounding smooth muscle, with consequent coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath.
  19. Maintaining neutral position of head and neck while extending jaw forward.  A manuever used for upper airway control of patient with suspected spinal injury
    Modified Jaw Thrust
  20. An abbreviation for key terms used in evaluating a patients signs and symptoms: onset, provocation or palliation, quality, region/radiation, severity, timing of pain
  21. A mnemonic for assessment in which each area of the body is evaluated for Deformities, Contusions, Abrasions, Punctures/Penetrations, Burns, Tenderness, Lacerations and Swelling
  22. A brief history of a patients condition to determine signs and symptoms, allergies, medications, pertinent past history, last oral intake, and events leading to the injury or illness
  23. A condition in which the bodys cells and tissues do not have enough oxygen
  24. A condition in which seizures recur every few minutes, or last more than 30 minutes
    Status epilepticus
  25. fainting spell or transient loss of consciousness
    Syncope/Syncopal episode
  26. Disruption in a joint in which ligaments are damaged and the bone ends are completely displaced
  27. Death by suffocation by submersion in water
  28. survival, at least temporarily, after suffocation in water
    Near drowning
  29. A mental disorder marked by alternating periods of elation and depression
    Bi-polar disorder
  30. a long-term mental disorder of a type involving a breakdown in the relation between thought, emotion, and behavior, leading to faulty perception, inappropriate actions and feelings, withdrawal from reality and personal relationship
  31. A persistent mood of sadness, despair, and discouragement; may be a symptom of many different mental disorders, or it may be a disorder on its own.
  32. an extreme or irrational fear of or aversion to something
  33. An injury that occurs because of pressure from a heavy object onto a body part
    crush injury
  34. A temporary loss of alteration of part or all of the brains abilities to function without actual physical damage to the brain
  35. An injury in which soft tissue is either torn completely loose or is hanging as a flap
  36. the displacement of organs outside the body
  37. * Full thickness burns covering less than 2% of the total body surface area
    * Partial thickness burns covering less than 15% of the total body surface area
    * Superficial burns covering less than 50% of the total body surface area
    Minor Burns
  38. * Full thickness burns covering less than 2% to 10% of the total body surface area
    * Partial thickness burns covering less than 15% to 30% of the total body surface area
    * Superficial burns covering more than 50% of the total body surface area
    Moderate Burns
  39. * Full thickness burns involving the hands, feet, face, upper airway, genitals, or circumferential burns of other areas
    * Full thickness burns covering more than 10% of the bodys total surface area
    * Partial thickness burns covering more than 30% of the bodys total surface area
    * Burns associated with respiratory injury (smoke inhalation or inhalation injury)
    * Burns complicated by fractures
    * Burns on patients younger than 5 years or older than 55 years that would be classified as "moderate" on young adults
    Critical Burns
  40. When a burn injury completely encircles the torso, leg, or arm.
    circumferential burn
  41. superficial burn
    A burn affecting only the epidermis, characterized by skin that is red  but not blistered or actually burned through; traditionally called a first-degree burn
  42. partial thickness burn
    a burn affecting the epidermis and some portion of the dermis but not the tissue, characterized by blisters and skin that is white to red, moist, and mottled, traditionally called a second degree burn
  43. a burn that affects all the skin layers and may affect the subcutaneous layers, muscle, bine, and internal organs, leaving the area dry, leathery, and white, dark-brown or charred; traditionally called a third degree burn
    full thickness burn
  44. A method of assessing a patients level of consciousness by determining whether a patient is AWAKE and alert, responsive to VERBAL stimulus or PAIN, or UNRESPONSIVE, used principally in the initial assessment
  45. A sharp or smooth cut
  46. Loss or damage of the superficial layer of skin as a result of a body part rubbing or scraping across a rough or hard surface
  47. A jagged open wound
  48. Involuntary muscle contractions (spasm) of the abdominal wall in an effort to protect the inflamed abdomen, a sign of peritonitis
  49. refers to pain upon removal of pressure rather than application of pressure to the abdomen. It is indicative of peritonitis
    rebound tenderness
  50. inflammation of the peritoneum, the lining of the inner wall of the abdomen and cover of the abdominal organs.
  51. an abnormal posturing in which a person is stiff with bent arms, clenched fists, and legs held out straight. The arms are bent in toward the body and the wrists and fingers are bent and held on the chest. This type of posturing is a sign of severe damage in the brain
    decorticate posturing
  52. abnormal body posture that involves the arms and legs being held straight out, the toes being pointed downward, and the head and neck being arched backward. The muscles are tightened and held rigidly. This type of posturing usually means there has been severe damage to the brain
    decerebrate posturing
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Paramedic Program Entrance Exam
EMT study guide for Paramedic school entrance