Arrangement Final

  1. non vibrato
    no finger roll, muted sound
  2. pizzicato
    pluck with finger, can add lightness and break up monotony in scores
  3. arco
    bowing, usually after a pizz section
  4. col legno
    bow wood on strings
  5. sul tasto
    bowing over fingerboard (quieter)
  6. sul ponticello
    play close to the bridge (erie sound)
  7. tremolo
    • bow very fast on one note 
    • helps play loudly on long notes
  8. slurred bow
    many notes on one bow stroke
  9. divisi
    two parts on same staff
  10. Down bow
    π
  11. Up bow
    \/
  12. Violin strings lo-hi, range
    • G D A E  (in 5ths)
    • G below staff -> 8va C above staff
  13. Viola strings lo-hi
    • C G D A (5ths, one string lower than violin)
    • C below staff -> 8va A above treble cleff
  14. Cello strings lo-hi
    • C G D A (sounds an octave below Viola)
    • C below Bass clef -> C above treble clef
  15. Bass strings lo-hi
    • E A D G (4ths, sounds octave lower than written)
    • 8vb E below Bass clef -> G in treble clef
  16. Natural harmonics
    • lightly touching and open vibrating string at 1/2, 1/3, or 1/4 the length of the string
    • notated with circle over note head or as a diamond note head
    • silvery tone
    • harmonic series is Fund., octave, P5, octave, M3
  17. Artificial harmonics
    • played by pressing fundamental and lightly touching at a node
    • written with diamond P4 above fundamental
    • plays the note 2 octaves up
  18. Cello's thumb position
    • 7th position, all the way up on the neck
    • uses thumb to bar the strings
    • can't suddenly switch to it from anywhere
    • an octave up from open strings
    • can play 5th chords easily here
  19. 4 Woodwind families
    • flute
    • oboe
    • clarinet
    • bassoon
  20. Flute stuff
    Key?
    transposing?
    lowest note?
    • As written
    • middle C
  21. Oboe
    Key?
    transposing?
    lowest note?
    Related instrument?
    • In C!!
    • As written
    • lowest note is Bb!! (below middle C)
    • English Horn similar, in F
  22. Clarinet
    Key?
    transposing?
    lowest note?
    • often in Bb
    • sounds M2 lower than written
    • Bb an octave below Mid-C
  23. Bassoon
    Key?
    transposing?
    lowest note?
    Doubling parter?
    • In C!!
    • as written
    • Lowest is Bb below Bass Clef
    • often doubles cello
  24. Brass Family
    • Trumpet
    • Trombone
    • French Horn
    • Tuba
  25. French Horn
    Key?
    transposing?
    lowest note?
    stuff?
    • in F!
    • sounds P5 lower than written
    • lowest is F in ledger lines under Bass Clef
    • uses keys, has trigger to change tubing, hand in bell helps shape sound
  26. Trumpet
    Key?
    transposing?
    lowest note?
    • Bb or C
    • sounds M2 lower or as written
    • lowest is Bb under Mid-C or @ Mid-C
  27. Trombone and Bass 'Bone
    Key?
    transposing?
    lowest note?
    • Both in C (Tenor can be in Bass or Alto Clef)
    • sound as written
    • E below Bass Clef, C below Bass Clef
  28. Tuba
    Key?
    transposing?
    lowest note?
    • F for Bass Tuba, Bb for Tenor Tuba
    • P5+octave, M2+octave
    • D1, E below Bass Clef
  29. Harp
    Key?
    transposing?
    lowest note?
    • C (duh)
    • Pedals change key (DCB EFGA)
    • Cb a couple octaves below Bass Clef
Author
tenorsextets
ID
337832
Card Set
Arrangement Final
Description
stawiiiings
Updated