Chapter 1- S1

  1. A judicial decision is ______ and has value as precedent for future cases only within the  ______ of the area in which the deciding court has jurisdiction.
    authoritative, geographic
  2. A Latin term that means “to abide by, or adhere to, decided cases.”
    Stare decisis
  3. The judicial practice of ______ leads to judicial precedent
    stare decisis
  4. If an act is a violation of federal law, the trial will be held in a federal court
  5. if an act is a violation of state law, the trial will be held in a state court
  6. The rules governing criminal proceedings in the United States come from four basic sources:
    –Constitutions (Federal and State)


    –Case law

    –Court rules
  7. Power to try a case, Determined by law
    Cannot be changed except by law
  8. Place where a case is tried, Determined by where crime was committed, Can be changed usually due to massive pre-trial publicity
  9. The U.S. Constitution contains the most important rights available to an accused in a criminal prosecution. These safeguards are enumerated in the ____ ____ ____
    bill of rights, (which are the first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution)
  10. a law passed by the Congress of the United States or by state legislatures.
    Statutory law
Card Set
Chapter 1- S1
chapter 1