What is a charter?
The project charter is the deliverable that grants a project team (that is, the project manager and the core team) the right to continue into the more detailed planning stage of a project.
Describe what an effective charter should
- Authorize the project manager to proceed
- Help the Project team and sponsor develop a common understanding
- Help the project team and sponsor commit
- Quickly screen out obviously poor projects
What are some typical elements of a charter?
- Scope overview
- business case
- Milestone schedule and acceptance Criteria
- risks assumptions and constraints
- resource estimates
- stake holder list
- Team operating principles
- lessons learned
What types of resources might be included in a resources needed section of a charter?
Identify the purpose of each element in a project charter.
- Scope overview: determines what needs to be accomplished and how it will be done.
- Business case: justifies the necessity of the project.
- Background: provides more detail to understand the background behind the statements in scope overview and business case.
- Milestone schedule: divides the project into a few (about three to eight) intermediate points or milestones whose completion can be verified.
- Success criteria: are project’s vital signs that determine what need to be achieved to have a successful project.
- Risks, assumptions, and constraints: discover opportunities or threats.
- Resources: determines how much resources should be invested in the project
- Stakeholders: help identifying and prioritizing stakeholders, managing robust relationships with them, and making decisions that satisfy stakeholder objectives.
- Team operating principles: help increase team effectiveness and ensure that all parties are aware of what is expected.
- Lessons learned: answer how to gain successes and avoid failures.
- Signatures and commitment: determine who is involved and sometimes describes the extent to which each person can make decisions and/or the expected time commitment for each person.