FPCC Infection Control 3

  1. prevent organisms from entering the body. ("soldiers" in the first line of defense are the structural barrier of the human body)
    primary defense
  2. the surface of intact, healthy __ is tough and resilient and prevents entry of many pathogens
    skin (primary defense)
  3. The nares, trachea and bronchi are covered with mucous membrane that trap pathogens
    the respiratory tree (primary defense)
  4. the tears help the body to wash infective organisms from the eyes
    eyes (primary defense)
  5. saliva helps wash microbes from the teeth and gums, normal flora of the mouth limits the number of pathogens
    mouth (primary defense)
  6. diarrhea and vomiting are first line defense mechanisms for pathogens that invade here.
    Gastrointestinal tract (primary defense)
  7. protected with mucous membranes.
    genitourinary tract (primary defense)
  8. required to replace lost stories, to maintain production of white blood cells and to repair damaged tissue
  9. decreases the bacterial count on the skin
  10. renew the body and mind and conserve strength
    rest and sleep
  11. too little activity causes circulation to slow and lungs to supply less oxygen
    exercise and activity
  12. decreases the body's immune defenses. Laughing, in contrast, increases immune promotes body movement, and increases immune responses.
    stress reduction
  13. vaccinations can protect against several infectious diseases etc.
  14. refers to procedures that decrease the potential for the spread of infections. (clean technique)
    medical asepsis
  15. absence of contamination by disease causing microorganisms
  16. the removal of visible soil (organic and inorganic) from objects and surfaces.
  17. removes virtually all pathogens on inanimate objects by physical or chemical means, including steam, gas, chemicals, and ultraviolet light.
  18. the elimination of all microorganisms in or on an object.
  19. PPE
    personal protective equipment
  20. requires creation of a sterile environment and use of sterile equipment. Differs from medical asepsis in that it is not required for use with all patients
    Surgical asepsis or sterile technique
  21. used for clients with low WBC counts, clients undergoing chemo, or clients with large open wounds or weak immune systems. (usually patients places in a private room). disinfect equipment before going into room
    protective isolation
  22. disinfect the equipment on removal from the room
    transmission based isolation
Card Set
FPCC Infection Control 3
infection control