Perio Quiz 1

  1. Name a chronic inflammatory disease that affects 30% to 50% of the population, has an etiology of infection induced by bacteria, and presents risk factors associated with myocardial infarction and stroke, especially non-hemorrhagic stroke.
    Periodontitis
  2. True/False: half of american adults suffer from gum disease
    True

    • 47.2% have periodontitis 
    • 8.7% mild
    • 30% moderate
    • 8.5% severe
  3. the concept of systemic diseases originating in ____ and ____ infections
    dental and oral
  4. When was periodontology revisited?
    in the 1990s with solid research foundation
  5. What was done for people with periodontitis?
    full mouth extraction
  6. direct contact between vital bone and the implant surface without intervening soft tissues
    Osseointergration
  7. when did dental implants come about?
    1950s
  8. The AAP stands for? was founded when?

    when was periodontics recognized as a dental speciality by the ADA?
    The American Academy of Periodontology

    founded in 1914

    1947
  9. Modern medicine shifted from the ____ person to the ____ person
    • puzzle
    • composite
  10. What four diseases are associated with gum disease?
    • CVD
    • Cancer
    • Osteoporosis (in the jaw)
    • Diabetes
  11. T/F: diabetic patients are more likely to developed periodontal disease, which can in turn increase blood sugar and diabetic complications
    TRUE

    research suggests the relationship goes both ways
  12. Chronic inflammation is not good for any systemic disease

    The bacteria in perio disease and ______ ______ produced by gums affect heart disease as well and causes high chance of stroke
    inflammatory cytokines
  13. Image Upload 1
    • #1: healthy
    • #2: inflammation in just soft tissues (gingivitis)
    • #3: inflammation and some bones affected (mild periodontitis)
    • #4: more severe inflammation and bone affected (moderate periodontitis)
    • #5: most severe with major bone loss (severe periodontitis)
  14. when is it considered periodontitis as opposed to gingivitis?
    When there is loss of bone structure
  15. Whole purpose of alveolar bone is to support the teeth. Once the teeth are lost, the bone over time ____.
    resorbs
  16. comprises a group of inflammatory conditions of the supporting tissues of the teeth that are caused by bactiera
    periodontal disease
  17. True/False: the management and prevention of the disease requires a multi-discplinary approach (micro, biochem, end, dental material, restorative, etc)
    TRUE
  18. what are the 6 areas that define the scope of dentistry
    • carious lesions
    • pathologic lesions
    • periodontal disease
    • hereditary defects
    • trauma
    • esthetics
  19. caries and perio disease are both directly related to ____
    bacteria
  20. Periodontal disease is the balance between
    bacteria and the host resistance (physiology, immune response, endocrine)
  21. what causes pregnancy gingivitis
    the change in hormones results in an imbalance and bacteria is able to increase and cause disease


    plaque is the same but the hormones are messed up--so with increased oral hygiene they can balance again
  22. T/F: Just as with caries, diet is an important factor in perio disease
    False

    diet isn't as big as a factor in terms of breaking down gums
  23. What are the areas of medicine that we use in perio (8)
    Microbiology

    Immunology

    Infectious Disease

    Pharmacology

    Physiology

    Pathology

    Genetics

    Endocrinology
  24. How does perio occur? Start with bacteria
    Bacteria enters the epithelium and then breaks that down and gets to the CT then breaks that down and gets to the supporting structures and once that occurs they break down and tooth loss (which causes edentulism) occurs
  25. gingival recession can be caused by ___ injury or ____ injury or habit
    chemical

    heat
  26. Positive numbers in charts mean
    bone is receding and there is bone loss
  27. T/F: 

    Even if pockets are deep if the gum tissue is growing over the teeth there doesn’t mean there is a bone loss
    True
Author
arikell
ID
337290
Card Set
Perio Quiz 1
Description
Perio Quiz #1
Updated