A macromolecule is composed of smaller units called...
Which of the following is not a macromolecule...
A __ is a basic unit of a carbohydrate...
ORGANIC COMPOUNDS that are composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a 1:2:1 ratio are called...
STARCH and CELLULOSE are ALIKE in that both are...
contain non-polar, fatty acid side chains
A carbohydrate (polysaccharide) that is formed by plants and used later by the plant as a reserve food supply and made of only glucose molecules covalently bonded together is...
A CARBOHYDRATE (polyscaccharide) that makes PLANT CELLS and tissues STRUCTURALLY RIGID is:
In a lipid bilayer ___ tails point inward and form a region that excludes water.
What type of LIPIDS are found in ALL biologoical MEMBRANES?
Amino acids are the building blocks for...
The sequence of amino acids is the _____ structure of proteins.
Of the following functional groups, which in is known as the AMINO GROUP?
Nucleotides are building blocks for...
Nucleotides contain ____ sugars.
DNA and RNA are examples of which FAMILY of BIOLOGICAL MOLECULES?
Nucleotides are composed of a(an): A. AMINO ACID, B. NITROGEN-CONTAINING BASE, C. FATTY ACID, D. 5-CARBON SUGAR, and E. PHOSPHATE MOLECULE...
B. Nitrogen-containing base D. 5-carbon sugar E. phosphate molecule
Which type of energy transformation occurs in photosynthesis?
light to chemical
The potential energy of organic molecules is most readily available to cells in the form of...
What could be used to monitor the rate of photosynthesis in a plant?
Respiration take place in the...
Fermentation of glucose by yeast produces...
ethyl alcohol and carbon dioxide
Aerobic cellular respiration requires an adequate supply of...
What gas is given off during cellular respiration?
Two reactants that are used in the process of photosynthesis are...
water and carbon dioxide
Carbon dioxide is converted into carbohydrates during the...
Name the four biological macromolecules...
1. carbohydrate 2. lipid 3. protein 4. nucleic acid
What are the elements and element ratio for the macromolecule, carbohydrate?
(CHO) Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen 1:2:1
What are the elements for the macromolecule, lipids?
(CHO) Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen
What are the elements for the the macromolecule, protein?
(CHON) Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, and Nitrogen
What are the elements for the macromolecule, nucleic acids?
(CHONP) Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, and Phosphorus
What is the function for the macromolecule, carbohydrates?
-high quick energy -short term energy storage -structure in energy walls (cells)
What is the function for the macromolecule, lipids?
-insulation -store energy -some are important parts of biological membranes -waterproof coverings -long term energy -cusions organs
What is the function for the macromolecule, protein?
-muscle building -enzymes -growth and repair -fights diseases
What is the function for the macromolecule, nucleic acids?
-genetic information -instructions for proteins
What is the monomer/polymer for the macromolecule, carbohydrates?
(Monomer) Monossacharide Ex. glucose (Polymer) Polysacharide Ex. starch
What is the monomer/polymer for the macromolecule, lipids?
(Monomer) Triacylglycerosis Ex. fatty meats (Polymer) Glycerol Ex. vegetables
What is the monomer/polymer for the macromolecule, proteins?
(Monomer) Polypeptide Ex. amalin (Polymer) Amino Acid Ex. lean meat
What is the monomer/polymer for the macromolecule, nucleic acids?
(Monomer) Nucleotide Ex. yeast extract (Polymer) Polynucleotide Ex. DNA and RNA
Give at least three examples of the macromolecule, carbohydrates.
-Glycogen (Glycogen is a multibranched polysaccharide of glucose that serves as a form of energy storage in humans, animals, fungi, and bacteria.)
-Chitin (a primary component of cell walls in fungi, the exoskeletons of arthropods, such as crustaceans and insects)
-Cellulose (an insoluble substance that is the main constituent of plant cell walls and of vegetable fibers such as cotton.)
-Glucose (a type of sugar you get from foods you eat, and your body uses it for energy.)
-Fructose (found in fruit, honey, and corn syrup used in soft drink and food production)
-Glactose (not usually found in nature but exists mostly as a unit of the disaccharide lactose which is found in nature)
-Sucrose (table sugar)
-Lactose (primary sugar found in milk and milk products)
-Maltose (commonly used in the production of alcohols)
Give at least three examples of the macromolecule, nucleic acids...
-RNA (mRNA, tRNA, and rRNA)
Give at least three examples of the macromolecule, proteins...
-Hemoglobin (carries oxygen in blood)
-Keratin (forms hair and finger nails)
Give at least three examples of the macromolecule, lipids...
-cooking oils (such as olive, corn, and canola oil)