Biology Semester Test (Study Guide)

  1. BREAK TIME!!!!
  2. WHAT is the process in which light energy is converted to chemical energy?
  3. WHAT is the process by which cells get energy from food?
  4. WHAT is a substance that absorbs light?
  5. WHAT is the primary pigment involved in photosynthesis?
  6. WHAT are the series of proteins that carry electrons through the membrane?
    Electron Transport Chain
  7. WHAT is the making of carbon dioxide into organic carbon compounds?
    Calvin Cycle
  8. WHAT is making 2 pyruvate from one glucose?
  9. WHAT are a cluster of proteins and pigments that capture the sun's energy?
  10. WHAT is a process that requires oxygen?
  11. WHAT is a process that doesn't require oxygen?
  12. WHAT is a cycle that pyruvate enters after glycolysis?
    Krebs Cycle
  13. WHAT is the process of getting energy from food?
    Cellular Respiration
  14. WHAT is the space on the interior of a chloroplast; the light-independent reactions taken place here?
  15. Place the following steps in order and write the number of each step in the space provided.
    1. ___       Animals eat plants to get energy.

    2. ___       Plant absorbs sunlight.

    3. ___       Plant uses the chemical energy to make organic compound (glucose).

    4. ___      Light from earth reaches the sun.

    5. ___      Plant converts sunlight to chemical energy.
    1. _5_

    2. _2_

    3. _4_

    4. _1_

    5. _3_
  16. ___________ are light absorbing substances.
  17. In the step 2 of photosynthesis, ATP and ______ are produced.
  18. The series of molecules that electrons move through is called the _________ ___________ chain.
    electron transport
  19. (Cellular Respiration: snippet) Finally, NAPH enters the electron transport chain where ____, our cells' energy source, is made.
  20. Aerobic respiration occurs in the _____________ of eukaryotic cells.
  21. Photosynthetic organisms get their energy from:

    a. inorganic substances

    b. autotrophs

    c. heterotrophs

    d. light
    d. light
  22. BREAK TIME!!!
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    • These guys...
  23. BREAK TIME!!!
    • giphy
    • Dean...
  24. Carbon dioxide fixation in the Calvin Cycle requires:

    a. ATP and NADPH

    b. ADP and NADPH

    c. ATP and NADP

    d. ATP and Oxygen
    a. ATP and NADPH
  25. Aerobic respiration follows glycolysis when _______ is available.
  26. During cellular respiration,

    A. the complete breakdown of glucose yields only carbon dioxide and water.

    B. the complete breakdown of glucose yields only ATP.

    C. NADPH is produced.

    D. carbon dioxide is required.
    A. the complete breakdown of glucose yields only carbon dioxide and water.
  27. The total amount of ATP produced during glycolysis is: 

    a. 45

    b. 36

    c. 2

    d. 10
    c. 2
  28. The grand total of ATP produce during glycolysis and cellular respiration is:

    a. 45

    b. 36

    c. 2

    d. 10
    b. 36
  29. When water is broken up in the light reactions, what is the waste product produced?

    a. carbon dioxide

    b. oxygen

    c. glucose

    d. NADPH
    b. oxygen
  30. TRUE or FALSE

    The Calvin Cycle produces ATP while breaking down glucose in cellular respiration.
    FALSE  (Krebs Cycle)
  31. TRUE or FALSE

    In the third stage of photosynthesis, oxygen is used to make organic molecules (glucose).
  32. TRUE or FALSE

    Glycolysis is the process where glucose is made from pyruvate.
  33. TRUE or FALSE

    Metabolic process that requires oxygen are called anaerobic.
  34. TRUE or FALSE

    Photosynthesis occurs in the stroma and thylakoid found in the mitochondria.
    FALSE (chloroplast)
  35. TRUE or FALSE

    NADPH is an electron transport carrier for cellular transport.
  36. TRUE or FALSE

    During cellular respiration, glycolysis can be followed either by fermentation or respiration depending on whether oxygen is present.
  37. TRUE or FALSE

    The number of ATP produced by Fermentation is more than that produced by Cellular Respiration.
    FALSE (less)
  38. What is the chemical equation for photosynthesis?
  39. What is the chemical equation for cellular respiration?
  40. How are the chemical equations (Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis) similar? How are they different?
    Similar- Both reactions contain water, carbon dioxide, glucose, oxygen, and energy.

    Different- The reactions are opposites of each other.
  41. Organelle containing chlorophyll.
  42. BREAK TIME!!!
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    • Love these guys...
  43. BREAK TIME!!!
    • 8761811
    • Brotherly love...
  44. BREAK TIME!!!
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    • Whoah, whoah, whoah...
    •          SO HOT...
  45. Fuel used by cells.
  46. Atmospheric gas used by most cells.
  47. End product of glycolysis.
    Pyruvic  Acid
  48. Organelle with two membranes.
  49. Waste product from cell energy production.
    Carbon Dioxide and Water
  50. Energy storage molecule.
    Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
  51. Needs energy to bond with a phosphate group.
    Adenosine Diphosphate (ADP)
  52. In what type of organisms does photosynthesis occur in?
  53. In what type of organisms does Cellular Respiration occur in?
    almost ALL organisms
  54. What happens when the chemical bonds of ATP are broken?
    Energy is released
  55. How are photosynthesis and cellular respiration?
    Both produce energy, albeit in two different forms.
  56. How are photosynthesis and cellular respiration both different?
    Photosynthesis assembles the glucose molecule, while cellular respiration takes it apart.
  57. BREAK TIME!!!
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    • Cute...
  58. BREAK TIME!!!
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    • Sneaking and peaking...
  59. BREAK TIME!!!
    • 811CROWN
    • All hail King Dean!!! 
    • (LOL)
  60. BREAK TIME!!!
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    • I think they've seen something that they weren't supposed to see...
  61. Describe the light (light-dependent) reactions and the dark (light-independent) reactions. Make sure to include where they are located, what products each process uses, what product each process produces, and the electron carries involved. 
    • LOCATED:
    • Light: Thylakoid membrane
    • Dark: Stroma

    • Light: Light
    • Dark: ATP and NADPH

    • Light: ATP
    • Dark: NADPH

    • Light: yes
    • Dark: no
  62. Describe how an electron transport chain works. How are the electron transport chains similar/different in photosynthesis and cellular respiration?
    • Electron Transport Chain (Description)
    • ETCGraphicThree

    • Difference in Photosynthesis (1) and Cellular Respiration (2)...
    • 1. Carbon dioxide and water yield glucose and oxygen.
    • 2. Glucose and oxygen yield carbon dioxide and water.

    • Similarities in Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration...
    • 1. Same reactions, but occurring in reverse.
  63. Briefly compare glycolysis and the Krebs Cycle (Respiration). Make sure to include:
    1. How much energy is produced in each reaction?
    2. Where do these reactions occur?
    3. The main products of each?
    4. If oxygen is present of not?
    • Comparison of glycolysis and the Krebs Cycle (Respiration)
    • -Glycolysis is the first step involved in the process of respiration and occurs in the cytoplasm of the cell.
    • -The Krebs Cycle (Respiration) is the second process of respiration which occurs in the mitochondria of the cell.

    • Answering other questions, about glycolysis (1) and the Krebs Cycle (Respiration) (2)...
    • 1. eight ATP
    • 2. twenty-four ATP

    • 1. eight ATP, two NADH, and one hydrogen ion
    • 2. twenty-four ATP, six NADH, one hydrogen ion, two GTP, and two FADH

    • 1. NO
    • 2. YES

    • 1. Cytoplasm
    • 2. Inside the Mitochondria
  64. What are the factors that affect the rate of photosynthesis? How do those factors affect photosynthesis?

    1. Light Intensity: Without enough light, a plant can't photosynthesize very quickly. Increasing the light intensity will boost the speed of photosynthesis.

    2. Carbon Dioxide: A plant cannot photosynthesize if there is insufficient carbon dioxide.

    3. Temperature: If it gets too cold, the rate of photosynthesis will decrease. Plants cannot photosynthesize if it gets too hot.
  65. BREAK TIME!!!
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    • Brotherly love...
  66. BREAK TIME!!!
    • sam_and_dean_in_the_impala____by_scheherazadeshorcrux-d6ja6ul
    • I LOVE Dean's Impala...  :?
  67. BREAK TIME!!!
    • 0512
    • I think it's stuck... (lol)
Card Set
Biology Semester Test (Study Guide)
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