Rizal

  1. History in 3 languages:
    • Historia - Spanish
    • Histoire - French
    • Geschichte - German
  2. Narrative about past events that has meaning to a certain group of people in a given time and space
    Kasaysayan
  3. Kasaysayan is rooted in 2 important concepts:
    • Saysay (meaning)
    • Sansysay (narrative or story)
  4. _____ years in Spanish convent and ______ years in Hollywood
    333, 50
  5. Winner of GAMABA
    Federico Caballero (Tay Pedring)
  6. The national language of the Philippines, Filipino belongs to the _________  family of languages, which are widely dispersed throughout the island nations of the Southeast
    Malayo-Polynesian
  7. One of the distinct characteristics of the Malayo-Polynesian languages is a tendency to use __________
    reduplication or repitition
  8. Who is a Filipino:
    • native or national of the Philippines
    • native citizen or inhabitant of the Philippines
  9. Filipinos did not exist before 1898, the historical memory has to be stretched back to _____.
    1492
  10. Mistook America for India and labeled the red-skinned indians of the new world as " indios"
    Cristobal Colon (Christopher Colombus)
  11. Purity of blood in Spanish
    limpieza de sangre
  12. Philippines was named as
    El Archipelago de San Lazaro (Archipelago de San Lazaro)
  13. Spaniards born in Spain
    Peninsulares
  14. Spaniards born in the Philippines
    Insulares (Filipinos)
  15. Trade and Commerce in the Philippines during the Spanish era:
    • Iron working
    • Woodworking
    • Architecture
    • Boat Building
    • Pottery
    • Gold working
    • Weaving
    • Native Dentistry
  16. Jose Rizal landmark essay
    La Indolencia de los Filipinos (The Indolence of the Filipinos)
  17. Island trading
    intra
  18. Other races in culture contacts made with early trades and were significant because they brought cultural borrowings thereby enriching Filipino culture:
    • Chinese
    • Indians
    • Arabs
    • SE Asians
  19. Atlas published in 1781
    The complete map of the four seas
  20. The Hokkien pronunciation, _____, is the closest possible to Ogtong (Oton) as one of the areas requested by Chinese merchants
    Oktong
  21. 19th Century developments in the Philippines milestones:
    • Cavite mutiny
    • Execution of GomBurZa
    • Opening to International Trade in 1834
    • The emergence of the propaganda movement
  22. The first Filipinos to claim equality with the Spaniards overlords were _____
    priests
  23. Decades before a law course ways opened to Filipino lawmen. Filipino priests had received degrees in _______ and ______ in colleges.
    Theology and Philosophy
  24. Decades before a law course ways opened to Filipino lawmen. Filipino priests had received degrees in Theology and Philosophy in these colleges and universities:
    • Dominicans
    • Agustinian
    • Recollects
    • Francicians
    • Jesuits
  25. Parishes were administered by the ________ but the bishop of each diocese was to visit the priest yearly.
    circular clergy
  26. In ____, the archbishop of Manila ordained the first Filipino to the priesthood, _________.
    Dec. 21, 1698, Fr. Francisco Baluyot
  27. The archbishop of Manila who ordained the first Filipino to the priesthood.
    Archbishop Basilio Sancho de Santa Justa y Rufina
  28. groups of philosophers:
    • freedom
    • rational thinking
    • rights of men
  29. French Revolution broke out in _____
    1789
  30. A _______ of 1826 provided that the parishes be gradually retained as the incumbent Filipino secular priest died or retired. (Fight between the Filipino priests vs the regulars)
    royal decree
  31. The ________ causes given merely served as a pretext for another step in the multiplication of the Filipino clergy.
    ecclesiastical
  32. Who were the Filipino priests that organized other priests in Manila and Cavite to subscribe to a fund for someone to lobby:
    • Fr. Mariano Gomez (Cavite)
    • Fr. Pedro Palaez (Manila)
  33. GomBurZa wa executed in ________, at ________ because of treason.
    February 17, 1837, Bagumbayan
  34. Priest in Sta. Cruz Manila, a Chinese Mestizo
    Mariano Gomez
  35. Priest in Pandacan, Panguigui, a Philippine born Spaniard
    Jacinto Zamora
  36. Priest in Vigan, Ilocos Sur, a Philippine born Spaniard
    Jose Burgos
  37. The 3 martyr priests were grounds of either ____________ or _______________
    • racial discrimination
    • propments of the secularization movement
  38. Why was the 3 priests executed?
    • Considered as active fighters of Filipino clergy
    • Served as scapegoat of the Spanish-Filipino priests fight
  39. Significance of the death of the 3 martyr priests:
    • Brought Philippine Nationalism
    • Focused the Secularization Controversy
  40. Filipinos blame the whole affair on the machinations of the ________
    friars
  41. The civil government was believed to have become a ____ to protect the vested interests of the friars
    tool
  42. Leaded the Iloilo propaganda movement
    Graciano Lopez Jaena
  43. A writing of Graciano Lopez Jaena that deals wth ignorance, abuses and immortality of a certain friar named Botod
    Fray Botod
  44. Propaganda movement originated from the small group of men called __________
    Comite de Propaganda
  45. Manifestation of a larger movement of men and ideas which prepared the way for the revolution of 1896
    Propaganda movement
  46. The beginning of the propaganda movement was seen as early as 1880, when the first stirrings of Filipino Activity on behalf of the Filipino rights and interests appeared in ______
    Spain
  47. Propagandas were in Spain, not in the Philippines, belonged to medium class, because the atmosphere in Spain is ______ and because of the "_________" to their colonized countries because laws are created in Spain.
    liberal, law of the indies
  48. A first indication of awareness was the book of poetry, published in _________ by ___________ in Madrid, who has no literary experience.
    1880, Pedro A. Paterno
  49. Purporting to the first of a series entitled __________, whose purpose it was to make known to the public the mature fruit works of the Filipino youth.
    Biblioteca Filipina
  50. Biblioteca Filipina gave evidence of the growing consciousness among youth Filipinos in Spain that they were not merely Spanish subjects but Filipinos with a _____________.
    contribution distinctively their own
  51. _______________ by ____________, analyzes in it the problems facing the Philippines, inadequacies of taxation and education systems demonstrating the need for reforms and outlining the manner of their implementation.
    El progreso de Filipinas by Gregorio Sancianco
  52. Touched questions transcending economics, by its assumption of a legal distinction between races, it practically denied the rights of the Filipinos as equal citizens of Spain.
    El progreso de Filipinas
  53. The principle of assimilation that the book advocated as Spanish citizen it said, Filipinos would have the same rights and duties as peninsular Spaniards
    El progreso de Filipinas
  54. Assimilation of the book says that the Philippines will become a _______ of Spain
    province
  55. Conceived as a reform movement, the propaganda movement must be considered largely a _________.
    failure
  56. Between _____ and ______, a number of reforms had been instituted in the Philippines, in which most of these reforms had long been understudy as part of Spain's modernization of her colonies.
    1880-1895
  57. Spain was called as ______
    invincible Spanish armada
  58. Spain's glorious days in the world was on _________
    1700s-1800s
  59. Spain's colonies decreased in the late 19th century called the __________
    enlightenment period
  60. _________ or called the _________, challenged Spain
    British, mistress of the sea
  61. Reforms granted by Spain:
    • Abolition of the tribute
    • End of tobacco monopoly
    • Allowed natives to sit in the government
    • Extension to the Philippines of peninsular civil and penal codes (fairness)
  62. Major reforms not granted by Spain:
    • freedom of press
    • freedom of speech
    • freedom of association
    • freedom of worship
    • freedom from fear of administrative detention and deportation
  63. At the time La Solidaridad was founded in 1889, assimilation was only a ________.
    strategy
  64. Civil Governor ____________ "made to order" Rizal as National hero
    William Howard Taft
  65. Other nominees for being the National hero:
    • Marcelo H. del Pilar
    • Graciano Lopez Jaena
    • Antonio Luna
    • Emilio Jacinto
    • Andres Bonifacio
  66. Jose Rizal's death was on _______ at ________
    December 30, 1896, Bagumbayan Field in Luneta
  67. In December 20 1898, at Malolos, President ________ proclaimed Dec 30 as Rizal Day
    Aguinaldo
  68. _________ said "Not only Rizal is the most prominent man of his own people but the greatest man the Malayan race has produced."
    Prof. Ferdinand Blumentritt
  69. When was Rizal born?
    June 19, 1861 in Calamba, Laguna
  70. Rizal's birth survival was attributed to ___________
    Our Lady of Peace and Good Voyage
  71. Rizal was baptized by Rev. _________ in Calamba Catholic Church in ___________
    Rufino Collantes, June 22, 1861
  72. Rizal's godfather is:
    Rev. Pedro Casañas
  73. Rizal's full name:
    Jose Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda
  74. Who are Rizal's parents:
    • Francisco Mercado Rizal
    • Teodora Alonso Realonda
  75. Francisco Mercado Rizal's birthday and death:
    May 11, 1818 - January 5, 1898
  76. Teodora Alonso Realonda's birthday and death:
    November 8, 1826 - August 16, 1911
  77. Who are the children of Francisco and Teodora:
    • Saturnina
    • Paciano
    • Narcisa
    • Olympia
    • Lucia
    • Maria
    • Jose
    • Concepcion (died at 3)
    • Josefa
    • Trinidad
    • Soledad
  78. In, 1849, the surname was changed fron Mercado to Rizal, in Spanish word "______" meaning _______
    ricial, green field or new pasture
  79. Two kinds of priests in Catholic churches:
    • regulars - belong to religious orders
    • seculars - did not belong to any
  80. The transfer of the ministries established by the regular Spanish clergy to the Filipino seculars.
    Secularization
  81. Were it not for 1872, Rizal would have been a ________
    Jesuit
  82. A Chinese immigrant from China arrived in mainland in 1690, and adopted the surname in 1731
    Domingo Lamco (Mercado)
  83. Rizal's favorite dish
    Sardinas Secas (Tuyo)
  84. Rizal stood _____ inches as an adult with a waistline of _____ inches
    5'2", 26
  85. Ante Radaic said that due to Rizal's physical smallness and frailty, he developed a massive __________.
    inferiority complex
  86. Rizal had a painful childhood, which he stated in _________
    Memorias
  87. Books produced about Rizal:
    • Rizal: Asia's First Apostle of Nationalism - Zaide
    • The Hero of the Philippines - Russel
    • A People's Hero: Rizal of the Philippines - Reines
    • The Great Malayan - Quirino
    • Pride of Malay Race - Palma
    • Man of the Century - Gagelonia
  88. Writings about Rizal's life:
    • Vida y Escritos del Dr. Jose Rizal - Retana
    • Life, Lineage and Labors of Jose Rizal - Craig
    • Biografia de Rizal - Palma
    • The First Filipino - Guerrero
    • Rizal: Philippine Nationalist and Martyr - Coates
  89. Rizal's greatest ______ was becoming the national hero of the Philippines since he is everywhere and therefore, nowhere.
    misfortune
  90. Rizal's Law or RA 1425 was approved on _______
    June 12, 1956
Author
FelipeJung
ID
337110
Card Set
Rizal
Description
Last Semester
Updated