History in 3 languages:
- Historia - Spanish
- Histoire - French
- Geschichte - German
Narrative about past events that has meaning to a certain group of people in a given time and space
Kasaysayan is rooted in 2 important concepts:
- Saysay (meaning)
- Sansysay (narrative or story)
_____ years in Spanish convent and ______ years in Hollywood
Winner of GAMABA
Federico Caballero (Tay Pedring)
The national language of the Philippines, Filipino belongs to the _________ family of languages, which are widely dispersed throughout the island nations of the Southeast
One of the distinct characteristics of the Malayo-Polynesian languages is a tendency to use __________
reduplication or repitition
Who is a Filipino:
- native or national of the Philippines
- native citizen or inhabitant of the Philippines
Filipinos did not exist before 1898, the historical memory has to be stretched back to _____.
Mistook America for India and labeled the red-skinned indians of the new world as " indios"
Cristobal Colon (Christopher Colombus)
Purity of blood in Spanish
limpieza de sangre
Philippines was named as
El Archipelago de San Lazaro (Archipelago de San Lazaro)
Spaniards born in Spain
Spaniards born in the Philippines
Trade and Commerce in the Philippines during the Spanish era:
- Iron working
- Boat Building
- Gold working
- Native Dentistry
Jose Rizal landmark essay
La Indolencia de los Filipinos (The Indolence of the Filipinos)
Other races in culture contacts made with early trades and were significant because they brought cultural borrowings thereby enriching Filipino culture:
- SE Asians
Atlas published in 1781
The complete map of the four seas
The Hokkien pronunciation, _____, is the closest possible to Ogtong (Oton) as one of the areas requested by Chinese merchants
19th Century developments in the Philippines milestones:
- Cavite mutiny
- Execution of GomBurZa
- Opening to International Trade in 1834
- The emergence of the propaganda movement
The first Filipinos to claim equality with the Spaniards overlords were _____
Decades before a law course ways opened to Filipino lawmen. Filipino priests had received degrees in _______ and ______ in colleges.
Theology and Philosophy
Decades before a law course ways opened to Filipino lawmen. Filipino priests had received degrees in Theology and Philosophy in these colleges and universities:
Parishes were administered by the ________ but the bishop of each diocese was to visit the priest yearly.
In ____, the archbishop of Manila ordained the first Filipino to the priesthood, _________.
Dec. 21, 1698, Fr. Francisco Baluyot
The archbishop of Manila who ordained the first Filipino to the priesthood.
Archbishop Basilio Sancho de Santa Justa y Rufina
groups of philosophers:
- rational thinking
- rights of men
French Revolution broke out in _____
A _______ of 1826 provided that the parishes be gradually retained as the incumbent Filipino secular priest died or retired. (Fight between the Filipino priests vs the regulars)
The ________ causes given merely served as a pretext for another step in the multiplication of the Filipino clergy.
Who were the Filipino priests that organized other priests in Manila and Cavite to subscribe to a fund for someone to lobby:
- Fr. Mariano Gomez (Cavite)
- Fr. Pedro Palaez (Manila)
GomBurZa wa executed in ________, at ________ because of treason.
February 17, 1837, Bagumbayan
Priest in Sta. Cruz Manila, a Chinese Mestizo
Priest in Pandacan, Panguigui, a Philippine born Spaniard
Priest in Vigan, Ilocos Sur, a Philippine born Spaniard
The 3 martyr priests were grounds of either ____________ or _______________
- racial discrimination
- propments of the secularization movement
Why was the 3 priests executed?
- Considered as active fighters of Filipino clergy
- Served as scapegoat of the Spanish-Filipino priests fight
Significance of the death of the 3 martyr priests:
- Brought Philippine Nationalism
- Focused the Secularization Controversy
Filipinos blame the whole affair on the machinations of the ________
The civil government was believed to have become a ____ to protect the vested interests of the friars
Leaded the Iloilo propaganda movement
Graciano Lopez Jaena
A writing of Graciano Lopez Jaena that deals wth ignorance, abuses and immortality of a certain friar named Botod
Propaganda movement originated from the small group of men called __________
Comite de Propaganda
Manifestation of a larger movement of men and ideas which prepared the way for the revolution of 1896
The beginning of the propaganda movement was seen as early as 1880, when the first stirrings of Filipino Activity on behalf of the Filipino rights and interests appeared in ______
Propagandas were in Spain, not in the Philippines, belonged to medium class, because the atmosphere in Spain is ______ and because of the "_________" to their colonized countries because laws are created in Spain.
liberal, law of the indies
A first indication of awareness was the book of poetry, published in _________ by ___________ in Madrid, who has no literary experience.
1880, Pedro A. Paterno
Purporting to the first of a series entitled __________, whose purpose it was to make known to the public the mature fruit works of the Filipino youth.
Biblioteca Filipina gave evidence of the growing consciousness among youth Filipinos in Spain that they were not merely Spanish subjects but Filipinos with a _____________.
contribution distinctively their own
_______________ by ____________, analyzes in it the problems facing the Philippines, inadequacies of taxation and education systems demonstrating the need for reforms and outlining the manner of their implementation.
El progreso de Filipinas by Gregorio Sancianco
Touched questions transcending economics, by its assumption of a legal distinction between races, it practically denied the rights of the Filipinos as equal citizens of Spain.
El progreso de Filipinas
The principle of assimilation that the book advocated as Spanish citizen it said, Filipinos would have the same rights and duties as peninsular Spaniards
El progreso de Filipinas
Assimilation of the book says that the Philippines will become a _______ of Spain
Conceived as a reform movement, the propaganda movement must be considered largely a _________.
Between _____ and ______, a number of reforms had been instituted in the Philippines, in which most of these reforms had long been understudy as part of Spain's modernization of her colonies.
Spain was called as ______
invincible Spanish armada
Spain's glorious days in the world was on _________
Spain's colonies decreased in the late 19th century called the __________
_________ or called the _________, challenged Spain
British, mistress of the sea
Reforms granted by Spain:
- Abolition of the tribute
- End of tobacco monopoly
- Allowed natives to sit in the government
- Extension to the Philippines of peninsular civil and penal codes (fairness)
Major reforms not granted by Spain:
- freedom of press
- freedom of speech
- freedom of association
- freedom of worship
- freedom from fear of administrative detention and deportation
At the time La Solidaridad was founded in 1889, assimilation was only a ________.
Civil Governor ____________ "made to order" Rizal as National hero
William Howard Taft
Other nominees for being the National hero:
- Marcelo H. del Pilar
- Graciano Lopez Jaena
- Antonio Luna
- Emilio Jacinto
- Andres Bonifacio
Jose Rizal's death was on _______ at ________
December 30, 1896, Bagumbayan Field in Luneta
In December 20 1898, at Malolos, President ________ proclaimed Dec 30 as Rizal Day
_________ said "Not only Rizal is the most prominent man of his own people but the greatest man the Malayan race has produced."
Prof. Ferdinand Blumentritt
When was Rizal born?
June 19, 1861 in Calamba, Laguna
Rizal's birth survival was attributed to ___________
Our Lady of Peace and Good Voyage
Rizal was baptized by Rev. _________ in Calamba Catholic Church in ___________
Rufino Collantes, June 22, 1861
Rizal's godfather is:
Rev. Pedro Casañas
Rizal's full name:
Jose Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda
Who are Rizal's parents:
- Francisco Mercado Rizal
- Teodora Alonso Realonda
Francisco Mercado Rizal's birthday and death:
May 11, 1818 - January 5, 1898
Teodora Alonso Realonda's birthday and death:
November 8, 1826 - August 16, 1911
Who are the children of Francisco and Teodora:
- Concepcion (died at 3)
In, 1849, the surname was changed fron Mercado to Rizal, in Spanish word "______" meaning _______
ricial, green field or new pasture
Two kinds of priests in Catholic churches:
- regulars - belong to religious orders
- seculars - did not belong to any
The transfer of the ministries established by the regular Spanish clergy to the Filipino seculars.
Were it not for 1872, Rizal would have been a ________
A Chinese immigrant from China arrived in mainland in 1690, and adopted the surname in 1731
Domingo Lamco (Mercado)
Rizal's favorite dish
Sardinas Secas (Tuyo)
Rizal stood _____ inches as an adult with a waistline of _____ inches
Ante Radaic said that due to Rizal's physical smallness and frailty, he developed a massive __________.
Rizal had a painful childhood, which he stated in _________
Books produced about Rizal:
- Rizal: Asia's First Apostle of Nationalism - Zaide
- The Hero of the Philippines - Russel
- A People's Hero: Rizal of the Philippines - Reines
- The Great Malayan - Quirino
- Pride of Malay Race - Palma
- Man of the Century - Gagelonia
Writings about Rizal's life:
- Vida y Escritos del Dr. Jose Rizal - Retana
- Life, Lineage and Labors of Jose Rizal - Craig
- Biografia de Rizal - Palma
- The First Filipino - Guerrero
- Rizal: Philippine Nationalist and Martyr - Coates
Rizal's greatest ______ was becoming the national hero of the Philippines since he is everywhere and therefore, nowhere.
Rizal's Law or RA 1425 was approved on _______
June 12, 1956