Med Terms

  1. aden/o
    gland

    ⇒ adenoma: tumor of a gland
  2. arthr/o
    joint

    ⇒ arthritis: inflammation of joint
  3. carcin/o
    cancerous, cancer

    ⇒ carcinoma: cancerous tumor

  4. bi/o
    life

    ⇒ biology: study of life

    ⇒ biopsy:  living tissue removed from body and viewed under microscope
  5. cardi/o
    heart

    ⇒ cardiology: study of the heart
  6. cephal/o
    head

    ⇒ cephalic: pertaining to the head
  7. cerebr/o
    cerebrum (largest part of the brain)

    ⇒ cerebral: pertaining to the cerebrum
  8. cis/o
    to cut

    ⇒ incision: process of cutting

    ⇒ excision: process of cutting out/removal
  9. crin/o
    to secrete (to form and give off)

    ⇒ endocrine glands: secrete hormones directly within(into) the bloodstream, (ex: thyroid, pituitary, and adrenal glands)
  10. cyst/o
    urinary bladder; a sac or cyst (sac containing fluid)

    ⇒ cystoscopy: visual examination of urinary bladder
  11. cyt/o
    cell

    ⇒ cytology: study of the cell
  12. derm/o
    dermat/o

    skin

    ⇒ dermatitis: inflammation of the skin

    ⇒ hypodermic: pertaining to under the skin
  13. electr/o
    electricity

    ⇒ electrocardiogram: record of electricity in the heart (can be abbreviated ECG or sometimes EKG)

    ⇒ suffix -gram means record
  14. encephal/o
    brain

    ⇒ electroencephalogram: record of electricity in brain (abbreviated EEG)
  15. enter/o
    red

    ⇒ erythrocyte: red blood cell, they carry oxygen to the blood

    ⇒ suffix -cyte means cell
  16. gastr/o
    stomach

    ⇒ gastrectomy: excision/removal of stomach, all or more commonly part of the stomach is removed

    ⇒ suffix -ectomy means excision or removal
  17. glyc/o
    sugar

    ⇒ hyperglycemia: excessive sugar in blood

    ⇒ suffix hyper- means excessive, above or more than normal 

    ⇒ suffix -emia means blood condition
  18. gnos/o
    knowledge

    ⇒ diagnosis: process of determining the nature of a disease or illness by examination of the patient

    ⇒ prognosis: prediction about the probable outcome of an illness
  19. gynec/o
    women, female

    ⇒ gynecology: study of women's health, disease

    ⇒ hematology: study of blood

    ⇒ hematoma: mass of blood

    ⇒ hemoglobin: blood protein which carries oxygen
  20. hepat/o
    liver

    ⇒ hepatitis: inflammation of the liver
  21. iatr/o
    ⇒ iatrogenic: produced by treatment, iatrogenic conditions are adverse effects that result from treatment or intervention by a physician (side effects)

    ⇒ suffix -genic means pertaining to producing, produced by, or produced in
  22. leuk/o
    white

    ⇒ leukocyte: white blood cell, this blood cell helps the body fight disease
  23. nephr/o
    kidney

    nephritis: inflammation of the kidney

    ⇒ nephrology: study of the kidney
  24. log/o
    study of 

    ⇒ neurology: study of the nerves
  25. onc/o
    tumor

    ⇒ oncology: study of tumors

    ⇒ oncologist: someone who studies tumors

    ⇒ suffix -ist means one who specializes in a field of medicine (or other profession)
  26. ophthalm/o
    eye

    ⇒ ophthalmoscope: instrument for visual examination of the eye

    ⇒ suffix -scope means an instrument for visual examination
  27. oste/o
    bone

    ⇒ osteitis: inflammation of the bone

    ⇒ osteoarthritis: inflammation of bones and joints
  28. path/o
    disease

    ⇒ pathology: study of disease

    ⇒ pathologist: specialist studies diseases, they examine biopsy samples microscopically and examine dead bodies to determine the cause of death
  29. ped/o
    child

    ⇒ pediatric: pertaining to treatment of children

    ⇒ ped/o is also in the term orthopedist. Orthopedists once were doctors who straightened (orth/o means straight) children's bones and corrected deformities. Now, orthopedists specialize in disorders of bones and muscles in people of all ages.
  30. psych/o
    mind

    ⇒ psychology: study of the mind

    psychiatrist: specialist in treatment of the mind
  31. radi/o
    x-rays

    ⇒ radiology: study of x-rays

    ⇒ low energy x-rays are used for diagnostic imaging
  32. ren/o
    kidney

    ⇒ renal: pertaining to the kidney

    nephr/o also refers to kidney. ren/o is used with -al to describe the kidney, nephr/o id used with other suffixes such as -osis, -itis, and -ectomy, to describe abnormal conditions and operative procedures
  33. rhin/o
    nose

    ⇒ rhinitis: inflammation of the nose
  34. sarc/o
    flesh

    ⇒ sarcoma: fleshy tumor, cancerous tumor grows from cells of "fleshy" connective tissue such as muscle, bone, and fat

    ⇒ carcinoma: cancerous tumor grows from epithelial cells that line the outside of the body or the inside of organs in the body
  35. sect/o
    to cut

    ⇒ thrombocyte: platelet, these cells help clot blood

    ⇒ thrombus: the actual clot that forms

    ⇒ thrombosis: the condition of clot formation, -osis means condition
  36. ur/o
    urinary tract, urine

    ⇒ urology: study of urinary tract

    ⇒ urologist: a surgeon who operates on the organs of the urinary tract and the organs of the male reproductive system
  37. -ac
    pertaining to

    ⇒ cardiac: pertaining to the heart
  38. -al
    pertaining to

    ⇒ neural: pertaining to the nerves
  39. -algia
    pain

    ⇒ arthralgia: joint pain

    ⇒ neuralgia: nerve pain
  40. -cyte
    cell

    ⇒ erythrocyte: red blood cell
  41. -ectomy
    excision, removal

    ⇒ nephrectomy: removal of a kidney
  42. -emia
    blood condition

    leukemia: cancer of white blood cells, blood condition where cancerous white blood cells proliferate (increase in number)
  43. -genic
    producing, produced by, of produced in

    ⇒ carcinogenic: cancer producing, ex. cigarette smoke

    ⇒ pathogenic: disease causing, ex. a virus or a bacterium

    ⇒ iatrogenic: produced by treatment
  44. -globin
    protein

    hemoglobin: red protein responsible for transporting oxygen in the blood
  45. -gram
    record

    ⇒ electroencephalogram: record of electricity in the brain
  46. -ic, -ical
    pertaining to

    ⇒ gastric: pertaining to the stomach

    ⇒ neurologic: pertaining to study of nerves, log/o: means study of
  47. -ion
    process

    ⇒ excision: process of cutting out, removal
  48. -itis
    inflammation

    ⇒ cystitis: inflammation of the urinary bladder
  49. -ist
    specialist

    ophthalmologist: specialist in study of the eye, a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating(surgically and medically) disorders of the eye

    ⇒ optometrist: is a healthcare professional who examines (metr/o: to measure) eyes and prescribes corrective lenses, and may treat eye diseases

    ⇒ optician: grinds lenses and fits glasses but does not examine eyes, prescribe corrective lenses, or treat eye disease
  50. -logy
    study of

    ⇒ endocrinology: study of endocrine system
  51. -oma
    tumor, mass, swelling

    ⇒ hepatoma: tumor of the liver, a malignant tumor of the liver
  52. -opsy
    process of viewing

    ⇒ biopsy: living tissue removed from body and viewed under microscope
  53. -osis
    condition, usually abnormal (slight increase in numbers when used with blood cells)

    ⇒ nephrosis: abnormal condition of the kidney

    ⇒ leukocytosis: increase in white blood cells, occurs as white blood cells multiple to fight an infection.

    ⇒ leukemia: a cancerous condition marked by high levels of abnormal, immature white blood cells
  54. -pathy
    disease condition

    ⇒ enteropathy: disease of the intestines

    ⇒ adenopathy: disease of glands
  55. -scope
    instrument to visually examine

     endoscope: instrument to examine insides

    ⇒ endo- means within

    ⇒ cystoscope is a type of endoscope
  56. -scopy
    process of visually examining

    ⇒ endoscopy: process of visually examining insides, performed with and endoscope
  57. -sis
    state of; condition

    ⇒ prognosis: prediction about the probable course of a disease
  58. -tomy
    process of cutting, incision

    ⇒ osteotomy: process of cutting a bone or incision into bone
  59. -y
    process, condition

    ⇒ gastroenterology: study of stomach and intestines
  60. a-  an-
    no, not, without

    ⇒ anemia: decreased number of erythrocytes or an abnormality of the hemoglobin (a chemical) within the red blood cells. This results in deceased delivery of oxygen to the cells of the body.

    ⇒ Anemic patients look so pale that early physicians thought they were literally without blood → avascular: without blood vessels
  61. aut-  auto-
    self, own

    ⇒ autopsy: literally means "process of viewing by oneself" examination of dead body with ones own eyes to determine cause of death and nature of disease
  62. dia-
    complete, through

    ⇒ diagnosis: process of determining the nature of a disease of illness by examination of the patient

    ⇒ diarrhea: condition in which feces are discharged from the bowels frequently and in a liquid form
  63. endo-
    within

    endocrinologist: specialist

    ⇒ endocardium: with in the heart
  64. epi-
    above, upon

    ⇒ epigastric: above stomach

    ⇒ epidermis: layer above the dermis
  65. ex-  exo-
    out, outside of, outward

    ⇒ excision: process of cutting out

     exocrine glands: which secrete out
  66. hyper-
    excessive, above, more than normal

    ⇒ hyperthyroidism: condition of overactive thyroid gland (endocrine gland in the neck) creates a greater than normal amount of thyroxine (thyroid hormone, or T4).

    ⇒ because thyroxine causes cells to burn fuel and release energy, signs and symptoms of hyperthyroidism are increased energy level and nervousness, tachycardia (increased heart rate), weight loss, and exophthalmos (bulging eyeballs)
  67. hypo-
    deficient, below, under, less than normal

    ⇒ hypogastric: below the stomach

    ⇒ hypoglycemia: low blood sugar, in this term hypo- means deficient
  68. in-
    into, in

    ⇒ incision: process of cutting into
  69. peri-
    surrounding, around

    ⇒ pericardium: membrane or tissue that surrounds the heart

    ⇒ suffix -um  means structure.
  70. pro-
    before, forward
  71. re-
    back, backward, again

    ⇒ resection: process of cutting out

    ⇒ this is an operation in which tissue is "cut back" or removed
  72. retro-
    behind

    ⇒ retrocardiac: behind the heart
  73. sub-
    below, under

    ⇒ subhepatic: under the liver
  74. trans-
    across, through

    ⇒ transhepatic: through the liver
Author
Abbie410
ID
337040
Card Set
Med Terms
Description
breakdown of medical terms into separate parts
Updated