Respiratory

  1. Sympathomimetic (Adrenerigic)
    Racemic Epinephrine
    Brand name: Asthmanefrin
    • Ultra Short-Acting Bronchodilator
    • SVN: 0.25-0.5ml QID
    • Duration: 0.5-2hr
    • reduces airway swelling
  2. Sympathomimetic (Adrenergic)
    Ephedrine
    Brand: Sudafed
    Nasal decongestant
  3. Sympathomimetic (Adrenerigic)
    Dopamine
    Brand: Intropin
    • Vasopressor
    • Shock syndrome
  4. Sympathomimetic (Adrenerigic)
    Albuterol
    Brand: Proventil, Ventaolin
    • Short Acting : Bronchodilator (Front Door)
    • *SVN and MDI : TID - QID
    • *Duration: 5-12 hr
    • *Main Side Effects - TREMORS
  5. Sympathomimetic (Adrenerigic)
    Salmeterol 
    Brand: Serevent Diskus
    • Long-Acting Adrenergic Bronchodilator (Front Door) Treat Wheezing
    • *DPI: BID
    • *Duration: 12 hr
  6. Sympathomimetic (Adrenerigic)
    Levalbuterol
    Brand: Xopenex
    • Short-Acting Bronchodilator (Front Door)
    • SVN-MDI: TID
    • Duration: 5-8 hr
    • (R)-Isomer of Albuterol
  7. Sympathomimetic (Adrenerigic)
    Formoterol
    Brand: Perforomist,Foradil
    • Long Acting Bronchodilator, 
    • SVN - DPI: bid
    • Duration 12 hrs
    • Maintenance treatment of asthma and for acute prevention of exercise 
    • Also indicated for treatment of COPD and can be used in conjunction with other inhaled medications
  8. Sympathomimetic (Adrenerigic)
    Arformoterol
    Brand: Brovana
    • Long Acting Bronchodilator
    • SVN: Bid
    • Maintenance treatment of COPD
  9. Sympathomimetic (Adrenerigic)
    Indacaterol
    Brand: Arcpata Neohaler
    • Long Acting Bronchodilator
    • DPI: once daily
    • Treatment of COPD
  10. Sympathomimetic (Adrenerigic)
    Olodaterol
    Brand: Stiverdi Respimat
    • Long Acting bronchodilator
    • DPI - 2 actuations daily
    • For COPD
  11. Routes of Administration:
      Inhalation Route (MDI, Nebulizer solution, DPI, Respimat) is the preferred route and minimal side effects are seen
    • 1.) onset is rapid
    • 2.) smaller doses are needed compared with doses for oral uses
    • 3.) Side effects such as tremor and tachycardia are reduced
    • 4.) drug is delivered directly to the target organ
    • 5.) inhalation is painless and safe
  12. Routes of Administration
    Oral Route (tablet or Syrup)
    • *the onset of action begins in about 1.5 hrs
    • *peak effect reached in about 1-2 hrs 
    • *duration is from 3-6 hrs
  13. Routes of Administration
    Parenteral Route (Injection)
    Given subcutaneously and intravenously, usually in the emergency management of acute asthma.
  14. Advair
    (Fluticasone and Salmeterol)
    Bronchodilator (Combined long and short term) for Bronchoconstriction
  15. Alupent (Metaproterenol) 
       *main side effect: tachycardia
    Pirbuterol (Maxair) 
    Bitolterol (Tornalate)
    Terbutaline (Brethine)
    Bronchodilators Front Door
  16. Choledyl (Oxytriphylline)
    For Long term Bronchodilation (Side Door)
Author
Anonymous
ID
336978
Card Set
Respiratory
Description
Diana's Study Guide
Updated