- Japanese Novelist and Short story writer active during the Taisho and Showa Periods
- Shirakaba (white birch) writing school (individualism, idealism, and humanitariansim
- At Kinosaki
- Shiga Naoya
- story about Reflections on death
- Born in Takamatsu. As a child loved to read books. Attended Higher Normal School. Founded a literary journal called Bungei Shunju.
- Writings focused on the realities of contemporary Japanese.
- wrote Madman on the roof
The Madman on the roof
- Written by Kikuchi Kan
- Yoshitaro always goes on the roof and enjoys the sunset. His brother Sueshiro says to accept him. A priestess thinks that he is possessed by the fox spirit.
- Themes: Happiness, Family, Superstition vs. Education
- Grew up in Hokkaido. After graduating school worked at a bank. In 1927, joined a proletarian writing group.
- Most important figure in proletarian literature
- wrote the cannery boat
The Cannery Boat
- Kobayashi Takiji
- Proletarian Literature
- Japanese workers are stuck on a cannery boat with a demanding boss. Russian family comes to save them.
- theme: Labor, Struggle, and challenges
- Kobayashi Takiji
- Writings about working class citizens with anti-capitalist views.
- Became one of the first contributors to kikuchi kan’s literary magazine, Bungei Shunju. First to receive nobel prize in japanese literature
- Narrative style expresses the essence of the japanese mind. Writings like a pattern of linked poetry
- Pointless or meaningless relationship
- wrote snow country
- Kawabata Yasunari
- Shimamura（島村）Shimamura is a traveler from Tokyo who is very rich from an inheritance that he received.
- Komako （駒子）Komako is a geisha who falls in love with Shimamura, but Shimamura does not love her back.
- Yōko （葉子）Yoko admires Shimamura greatly.
- Small elements of naturalism
- Theme: Relationships/love
- was a movement influenced by literary principles not ideological principles
- Neo-Perceptionist writers emphasized:style. Using the senses. Careful attention to rythm and imagery. A lot of symoblism
- most important writer and story:Kawabata yasunari
- famous writer of modern Japanese Literature and novelist
- utilized symbolism
- Wrote the Makioka Sisters, the tattooer
Writings focus on the heredity and environment of the lower class
White Birch School
- Writing that is autobiographical with conscious self revelation
- nature was source for literature
Writers who emphasized human feeling and the importance of the individual and freedom
aimed to change the way we see the world. New ways of telling a story
Decadant school Buraiha
- spent time at bars and relationships with bar women
- Dazai Osamu
- 1868 to 1912
- Period of Rapid Westernization
- Four classes in societ
- Great Righteousness
- crushing of proletarian writing