DHE 101 FINAL EXAM

  1. The____lesion is elevated and has a base as wide as the lesion itself
    sessile
  2. the ____ lesion is attached by a narrow stalk or pedicle.
    pedunculated
  3. An outer layer, covering, or scab that may have formed from coagulation or drying of blood, serum, pus, or a combination.
    scab
  4. A ___ may form after a vesicle breaks; for example, the skin lesion of chickenpox is first a macule, then a papule, then a vesicle, and then a ___
    scab, crust
  5. ____Red area of variable size and shape.
    Erythema.
  6. ____Growing outward.
    Exophytic
  7. ____Hardened.
    Indurated.
  8. ____Resembling a small, nipple-shaped projection or elevation.
    Papillary.
  9. ___Minute hemorrhagic spots of pinhead to pinpoint size.
    Petechiae.
  10. _____ A loose membranous layer of exudate containing organisms, precipitated fibrin, necrotic cells, and inflammatory cells produced during an inflammatory reaction on the surface of a tissue
    Pseudomembrane.
  11. ___Any mass of tissue that projects outward or upward from the normal surface level.
    Polyp
  12. ___Marked with points or dots differentiated from the surrounding surface by color, elevation, or texture.
    Punctate.
  13. ___Bony elevation or prominence usually found on the midline of the hard palate (torus palatinus) and the lingual surface of the mandible (torus mandibularis) in the premolar area.
    Torus.
  14. ____Rough, wartlike.
    Verrucous (verrucose).
  15. _____ is unusually slow heartbeat evidence by slowing of the pulse rate.
    bradycardia
  16. ___ is higher-than-normal body temperature.
    Hyperthermia
  17. ____ is an abnormal elevation of the body temperature above 37.0°C(97.6°F).
    Pyrexia
  18. ___ is unusually fast heartbeat ; at a rate greater than 100 BPM.
    Tachycardia
  19. _______white or red ulcer
    Aphtha
  20. _____grating, crackling or popping sounds and sensations experienced under the skin and joints
    Crepitus
  21. _____outer scab like layer of solid dry body exudate
    Crust
  22. _____closed, epithelial lines sac / normal or pathologic / contains fluid
    Cyst
  23. _____back surface
    Dorsal
  24. _____outermost non-vascular layer of skin
    Epidermis
  25. _____dermis or true skin just beneath epidermis
    Corium
  26. ______soft tissue slightly depressed lesion in which the basal layer is denuded
    Erosion
  27. _____growing outward
    Exophytic
  28. _____red area of variable size and shape / irritation radiation or injury
    Erythema
  29. _____benign bony growth projecting from the surfaces of bone
    Exotosis
  30. ______a narrow slit of cleft in the epidermis that can become infected
    Fissure
  31. _____pertaining to the use of legal proceedings
    Forensic
  32. ______unknown etiology
    Idiopathic
  33. ______hardened or abnormally hard
    Induration (Indurated)
  34. ______disease of the lymph nodes / regional lymph node enlargement
  35. Lymphadenopathy
    • _______a circumscribed area not elevated above the surrounding skin or mucosa
    • Macule
  36. science that deals with form and structure
    Morphology
  37. perceiving the sense of touch
    Palpation
  38. small, nipple-shaped projection or elevation – papillary
    Papilla
  39. elevated lesion attached to thin stalk
    Pedunculated
  40. hemorrhagic nonraised spot of pin-point to pinhead size
    Petechia
  41. any growth or mass protruding from a mucous membrane
    Polyp
  42. loose membranous layer of exudate that contains micro organisms, precipitated fibrin, necrotic cells, and inflammatory cells produced during an inflammatory reaction on the surface of a tissue
    Pseudomembrane
  43. marked with points or punctures differentiated from the surrounding surface by color, elevation and texture
    Punctate
  44. containing, forming or discarding puss
    Purulent
  45. reddening of the skin
    Rubefacient
  46. elevated lesion with a broad base
    Sessile
  47. incomplete or partial dislocation of a joint
    Subluxation
  48. bony elevation
    Torus
  49. rough, wart like growth
    Verruca
  50. Amelogenesis imperfecta
    Disorder of production and development of enamel
  51. Blunted papilla
    Flat papilla; does not fill interproximal space
  52. bulbous papilla
    Enlarged papilla; appears to bulge out of interproximal space
  53. bulla
    A rounded prominence, a bubblelike cavity filled with air or fluid, in particular.
  54. Cratered papillae
    A depression in the gum tissue, especially in the area of the former apex of interdental papilla. It is commonly caused by necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and food impaction against the tissue subjacent to the contact areas of adjacent teeth
  55. droplet nuclei
    Airborne transmission refers to infectious agents that are spread via droplet nuclei (residue from evaporated droplets) containing infective microorganisms. These organisms can survive outside the body and remain suspended in the air for long periods of time
  56. enamel hypoplasia
    Incomplete or defective formation of the enamel of either primary or permanent teeth. The result may be an irregularity of tooth, form, color, or surface
  57. fremitus (degrees involved)
    A vibration perceptible by palpation
  58. Infectious agent
    An infectious agent is something that infiltrates another living thing. There are four main classes of infectious agents: bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites
  59. McCall's festoons
    A ring-shaped enlargement of the gingival margin on the vestibular surface (buccal or labial) of canines and premolars. It may be associated with occlusal trauma.
  60. Mode of transmission
    A method of transmission is the movement or the transmission of pathogens from a reservoir to a susceptible host. Once a pathogen has exited the reservoir, it needs a mode of transmission to the host through a portal of entry. Transmission can be by direct or indirect contact or through airborne transmission.
  61. nodule
    Larger than a papule (greater than 5mm but less than 1 cm)
  62. papule
    A small, raised, solid pimple or swelling, often forming part of a rash on the skin and typically inflamed but not producing pus.
  63. pustule
    A small pimple or swelling, containing puss
  64. Reservoir
    Typically harbors the infectious agent without injury to itself and serves as a source from which other individuals can be infected
  65. Susceptible host
    A member of a population who is at risk of becoming infected by a disease
  66. Ulcer
    An open sore on an external or internal surface of the body, caused by a break in the skin or mucous membrane that fails to heal
  67. Vesicle
    A fluid- or air-filled cavity or sac
Author
dentalhygiene
ID
336717
Card Set
DHE 101 FINAL EXAM
Description
DHE 101 FINAL EXAM MORPHOLOGY
Updated