Chapter 9 Nutrition

  1. Weight loss serves as a signal to the gene that produces ________ , saying "Make more of the enzyme that stores fat."
    lipoprotein lipase
  2. An estimated ________ of children and adolescents aged 2 to 19 years are either overweight or obese.
    32%
  3. What substance maintains homeostasis by regulating food intake and energy expenditure in response to adipose tissue?
    leptin
  4. Which substance is secreted primarily by the stomach cells and promotes eating and weight gain by increasing smell sensitivity, stimulating appetite, and promoting efficient energy storage?
    ghrelin
  5. Brown adipose tissue______
    Releases stored energy as heat
  6. Research indicates that "supersizing" a fast - food meal adds ________ kcalories.
    400
  7. An individual is considered obese if his or her body mass index is equal to or greater than ________ .
    30
  8. Weight loss is recommended for overweight men who are ________ or older and women who are ________ or older if they have at least one other risk factor.
    45; 55
  9. With gastric banding, the ________ .
    e. the size of the stomach pouch opening can be adjusted
  10. Which weight - loss drug increases the release of norepinephrine?
    phentemine
  11. Depending on initial body weight, a reasonable rate of weight loss for overweight adults is ________ of body weight over 6 months.
    5-10%
  12. A reasonable weight-loss strategy for obese adults is to increase activity and reduce food intake enough to create a deficit of ____ kcalories per day.
    500-750
  13. In considering the environmental influences of weight loss, it is important to remember that ________ .
    when offered a large assortment of foods, people tend to eat more
  14. A good strategy for weight gain in underweight individuals is to ________ .
    eat energy dense foods
  15. Which fad diet makes the unsubstantiated claim that changing the way you eat every few days creates "body confusion," which prevents metabolism from settling into homeostasis?
    the 17 day diet
Author
Bnasty
ID
336521
Card Set
Chapter 9 Nutrition
Description
asd;lfj
Updated