psycology 24-26

  1. refers to the number of years that will probably be lived by the average person
    Life Expectancy
  2. refers to people 60 and 70
    Young old
  3. refers to people 80 or better
    Old Old
  4. refers to intensely negative attitudes or stereotypes about old age
  5. refers to illegally laying off, firing, failing to hire, or failing to promote workers on the basis of age
    Age Discrimination
  6. encompasses verbal  skills and strategies for learning new information, as well as all the knowledge one has accumulate. Highest in middle adulthood (age 40 – 60)
    Crystalilized intelligence
  7. Encompases information processing, basic mental and abstract reasoning, and memory skills
    Fluid Intelligence
  8. the hardware of the mind that reflects the neurophysiological architecture of the brain as developed via evolution
    Cognitive Pragmatics
  9. multitasking is also known as 
    Older adults may struggle with this
    Divided- attention
  10. Focusing on one relevant aspectof a problem while ignoring other aspects that are irrelevant
    Selective attention
  11. vigilance 
    refers to a focused and extended engagement with a particular object, task, or event
    Sustained attention
  12. Planning actions, allocating attention to goals, detecting errors, dealing with new or difficult stimuli
    Executive attention
  13. Refers to facts and experiences that people consciously know and can state
    Explicit memory or declarative memore
  14. Refers to skills and routine procedure that are performed automatically
    Implicit memory or procedural memory
  15. refers to the ongoing experiences of our daily lives
    Episodic Memory
  16. refers to basic factual knowledge
    Semantic memor
  17. Refers to any illness that involves serious, progressive, usually irreversible decline in cognitive ability
    Neurocognitive disorders
  18. an age-related NCD characterized by the disintegration of neurons
    Alzheimer's Disease
  19. twisted fibers of a protein that replace dead brain cells in elderly people
    Neurofibrillary tangles
  20. Dense protein deposits in neural blood vessels
    Amyloid (or senile) Plagues
  21. is an age-related NCD characterized by muscle tremors, slowing of movement, and partial facial paralysis
    Parkinson's Disease
  22. Perscribed during early stages, treats Parkinsons
    Dopamine Agonists
  23. Prescribed during later stages; brain converts this into dopamine
    L- Dopa
  24. Has also been used to treat Parkinson's Electrodes are implanted into the brain and stimulated by a pacemaker to enhance dopamine production
    Deep Brain Stimualtion DBS
  25. the theory that accounts for how our goals, motives, and priorities change throughout our lives
    Socioemotional Selectivity Theroy
  26. Happieness improves will into later life for many people
    Paradox of Well-Being
  27. is reflected in body deterioration that advances gradually over a long period of years, or universal sign of aging
    Normal Aging
  28. is defined as any loing-term illness that requires ongoing management
    Chronic Disease
  29. Chronic disease is much more likely to interfere with
    Activites of Daily Living
  30. Inhibit the ability to live independently
    Instrumental ADL impairments
  31. Inhibit the ability to perform basic self-care
    Basic ADL Impairments
  32. refers to the number of years that will probably be lived by the average person
    Life Expectancy
  33. Refers to the maxium number of years a species can live
  34. Are humans that have lived to 100 years or more
  35. humans that have lived to 110 years or more
  36. Cells can only divide a finite amount of times (75-80)
     As we age, our cells become less capable of dividing
     The upper limit of cell division can only sustain a           human life for 120 – 125 years
    Cellular clock theory
  37. evolutionary theory of ageing
    genes that underlie aging disorders would not have been eliminated in natural selection
  38. When cells make energy, they expel by-products known as free radicals
    Free radicals ricochet around the cell, damagin DNA and other cells 
    Over time, this damage has been linked to cancer arthritis and other condition that older adults are more likely to face
    Free Radical Theory
  39.  Aging is due to the decay of mitochondria in cells
    Mitochondria supply energy for function, growth  and repair of their surrounding cells
     Mitochondrial Decay has been linked to heart
     disease and neurodegenerative diseases
    Mitochondrail Theory
  40. is defined by age-related difficulties with seeing close objects
  41. When vision becomes cloudy, opaque and distorted as a result of a age related changes to the lens
  42. Occurs as a result of a fluid build-up, which causes damage to the optic nerve
  43. Macular Degeneration
    A deterioration of the central vision receptors
  44. Is defined by age-related difficultites in hearing, particularly high-pitched tones; caused by atrophy or loss of hearing receptors in inner ear
  45. I defined by and extensive loss of bone tissue and bone density
  46. The ability to respond quickly to sensory input, also decline
    Reaction Time
  47. Denial – Refusing to accept that death is going to take place
    Anger – Recognition that denial is no longer realistic
    Bargaining – Hope that death can somehow be postponed
    Depression – Beginning to face the certainty of impending death
    Acceptance – Develops a sense of peace; accepts his or her fate
    Kubler Ross's stage theory of dying
  48. refers to the idea that terminally ill ro dying people can know they are dying, while still strugglin to come to terms with or grasp the fact that they are dying
    Middle Knowledge
  49. Refers to the emotional numbness, disbeleief, anxiety, despair sadness, adn alonlieness that accompany the loss of a loved one
  50. characterized by intese feeling of grief and hopelessness that persist 6 months to 1 year after death
    Prolonged Grief
  51. Refers to a markedly higher risk of death for the surviving spuse in the wake of their partners deathe
    Widowhood Mortality Effect
  52. Any education past the high-school level
    Tertiary Education
  53. applies only to people who are not n school are not working or not looking for a job
  54. are external reinforcement for work, such as salary, benefits or stability
    Extrinsic Career Rewards
  55. Meet our own internal human needs, such as creativity, autonomy, and relatedness; this happens when work is fulfilling in and of itself
    Intrinsic Career Rewards
  56. Referred to as the state of becoming or being disillusioned, frustrated, or tired of ones job
  57. Refers to a situation where people are torn between balancing the demand of family and work
    Family-Work Conflict
  58. Often an extended transition marked by a succession of steps out of the workforce; not an abrupt, one-time shift at age 65
Card Set
psycology 24-26